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Lavoisier, the 18th- century scientist, became more

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Lavoisier, the 18th- century scientist, became more [#permalink] New post 29 Mar 2005, 11:30
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Lavoisier, the 18th- century scientist, became more influential and famous than most of his contemporaries in his field because not only did he discover and isolate many of the chemical elements but he also gave them names which both described the element in terms of its power and function and which came to be accepted by other scientist in subsecuent generations.

Which of the following can be inferred from the above passage?

A) Lavoisier strived for fame and influence in teh 18th century.
B) All elements found in teh 18th century were given names after Lavoisier.
C) Some of the elements that Lavoisier isolated were given names that described their properties.
D) Lavoisier was the most influential and famous scientist of his time.
E) Lavoisier became famous only because the names that he gave the chemicals became accepted.
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Last edited by kevinw on 29 Mar 2005, 11:39, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 29 Mar 2005, 13:03
quick "C".....all others r extreme conclusions.
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 [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2005, 10:55
i do'nt see any point in C,as c say only some elemets were named........whereas argument says that he named all elemts he discovered.......... his fame grew becasue of acceptence of his work,,,,,,so i guess E is best answer
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 [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2005, 11:08
E is wrong because he is famous not only because he named the elements he discovered, but also because he had discovered these elements.

C is correct because even if he had named all the elements he discovered, it is still correct to say that he had named some of the elements he discovered. If A is true for the entire set, A is always true for its subset.

Example:
All students in this class are girls.
Correct to infer: Some student in this class are girls.

Some students in this class are girls.
NOT correct to infer: All students in the class are girls.
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 [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2005, 21:17
A) Lavoisier strived for fame and influence in teh 18th century.
- can't be inferred from passage

B) All elements found in teh 18th century were given names after Lavoisier.
- He discovered and isolated many chemical elements, not all.

C) Some of the elements that Lavoisier isolated were given names that described their properties.
- I'll go for this. Although the passage suggests he named all the chemicals he discovered, this is the best of the 5 answers.

D) Lavoisier was the most influential and famous scientist of his time.
- He was influential than most of his contempories, not the most influential.

E) Lavoisier became famous only because the names that he gave the chemicals became accepted.
- No. It was accepted later on, but he was already famous back then.

C it is.
  [#permalink] 31 Mar 2005, 21:17
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