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Legislation in the Canadian province of Ontario requires of

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Legislation in the Canadian province of Ontario requires of [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 01:31
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Difficulty:

  55% (medium)

Question Stats:

34% (02:22) correct 66% (01:29) wrong based on 64 sessions
Legislation in the Canadian province of Ontario requires of both public and private
employers that pay be the same for jobs historically held by women as for jobs requiring
comparable skill that are
usually held by men.
(A) that pay be the same for jobs historically held by women as for jobs requiring comparable skill that are
(B) that pay for jobs historically held by women should be the same as for a job
requiring comparable skills
(C) to pay the same in jobs historically held by women as in jobs of comparable skill
that are
(D) to pay the same regardless of whether a job was historically held by women or is one
demanding comparable skills
(E) to pay as much for jobs historically held by women as for a job demanding
comparable skills

please submit your explanation !
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: SC question [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 02:42
whichscore wrote:
Legislation in the Canadian province of Ontario requires of both public and private
employers that pay be the same for jobs historically held by women as for jobs requiring
comparable skill that are
usually held by men.
(A) that pay be the same for jobs historically held by women as for jobs requiring comparable skill that are
(B) that pay for jobs historically held by women should be the same as for a job
requiring comparable skills
(C) to pay the same in jobs historically held by women as in jobs of comparable skill
that are
(D) to pay the same regardless of whether a job was historically held by women or is one
demanding comparable skills
(E) to pay as much for jobs historically held by women as for a job demanding
comparable skills

please submit your explanation !

The relevant idioms are:
1.to be required to ...
2.to require someone to ...
3.to require of someone that ...

So requires of should be followed by that (third idiom). and moreover should be in subjunctive mood
A fits here very well.
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Re: SC question [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 06:52
Expert's post
The template of a present subjunctive mood is – Somebody requires X that X do (the imperative or the basic form of the verb) something. In the given case, it should be: “Legislation in the Canadian province of Ontario requires of both public and private employers that they pay the same for jobs historically’. Obviously no one can command the inanimate ‘pay’ to be same. That is absurd. A subjunctive mood clause should be so worded that the commanded one should be able to carry out the command without fail.

That is why, Choices A and B per se fall outside the scope of subjunctive mood or in other words are not rightly worded.

E must be the real choice as in C and E, the skill seems to be held by men rather than the jobs by men

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Re: SC question [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 08:03
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Even if you are not familiar with idioms involving "require"---you could still arrive at the correct answer by looking at what else is being tested.

Here's how you might go through it:

(A) that pay be the same for jobs historically held by women as for jobs requiring comparable skill that are
Keyword is "as"--indicating comparison on the left and right. "Jobs" is compatible with "jobs"--so that's ok.

(B) that pay for jobs historically held by women should be the same as for a job
requiring comparable skills
X&Y Consistency: "jobs" is not compatible with "job" ---comparison is not consistent.

(C) to pay the same in jobs historically held by women as in jobs of comparable skill
that are
You don't say "to pay the same IN jobs"--you say "to pay the same FOR jobs"

(D) to pay the same regardless of whether a job was historically held by women or is one
demanding comparable skills
Sounds unnecessarily complicated.

(E) to pay as much for jobs historically held by women as for a job demanding comparable skills
X&Y Consistency: "jobs" is not compatible with "job"--comparison is not consistent.

So even if you don't know anything about "requires that" versus "requires [x] to" or "requires of [x] that"--you can still answer the question correctly and arrive at (A).

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Re: SC question [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 08:37
require is subjunctive and goes with "that". This eliminates instantly C,D and E. I didn't read them.

require + should is wrong. This eliminates B

That leaves A as the answer. Another hint is "be". So the subjunctive wins ! This SC is checking just that.

gmatpill wrote:
Even if you are not familiar with idioms involving "require"---you could still arrive at the correct answer by looking at what else is being tested.

Here's how you might go through it:

(A) that pay be the same for jobs historically held by women as for jobs requiring comparable skill that are
Keyword is "as"--indicating comparison on the left and right. "Jobs" is compatible with "jobs"--so that's ok.

(B) that pay for jobs historically held by women should be the same as for a job
requiring comparable skills
X&Y Consistency: "jobs" is not compatible with "job" ---comparison is not consistent.

(C) to pay the same in jobs historically held by women as in jobs of comparable skill
that are
You don't say "to pay the same IN jobs"--you say "to pay the same FOR jobs"

(D) to pay the same regardless of whether a job was historically held by women or is one
demanding comparable skills
Sounds unnecessarily complicated.

(E) to pay as much for jobs historically held by women as for a job demanding comparable skills
X&Y Consistency: "jobs" is not compatible with "job"--comparison is not consistent.

So even if you don't know anything about "requires that" versus "requires [x] to" or "requires of [x] that"--you can still answer the question correctly and arrive at (A).
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Re: SC question [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 10:25
Choices (B) and (E) use non-parallel "for jobs... for a job", among other things. Those are easy to spot and eliminate.

Pay "in" a job is incorrect, "for" a job is correct, eliminating (C). If this doesn't jump out at you immediately or you're not familiar with the correct expression, consider that choices A, B, and E all use some form of "for a job".

In (D), "was" and "is" conflict, eliminating that choice.

Therefore, (A) must be the right answer.

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Re: SC question [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 17:02
I picked C, more becuase I was leaning towards 'to pay' rather 'that pay', but I missed the "IN". certainly IN is badly fitted here.
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Re: SC question [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 23:07
daagh wrote:
The template of a present subjunctive mood is – Somebody requires X that X do (the imperative or the basic form of the verb) something. In the given case, it should be: “Legislation in the Canadian province of Ontario requires of both public and private employers that they pay the same for jobs historically’. Obviously no one can command the inanimate ‘pay’ to be same. That is absurd. A subjunctive mood clause should be so worded that the commanded one should be able to carry out the command without fail.

That is why, Choices A and B per se fall outside the scope of subjunctive mood or in other words are not rightly worded.

E must be the real choice as in C and E, the skill seems to be held by men rather than the jobs by men


Daag,
Following Gmat SC all uses inanimate object but are correct. Are you sure about the rule ?

Despite protests from some waste-disposal companies, state health officials have ordered that the levels of bacteria in seawater at popular beaches be measured and the results published.

Judicial rules in many states require that the identities of all prosecution witnesses be made known to defendants so that they can attempt to rebut the testimony, but the Constitution explicitly requires only that the defendant have the opportunity to confront an accuser in court.
Re: SC question   [#permalink] 22 Mar 2011, 23:07
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