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Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2....

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Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2.... [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2007, 01:28
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Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2...., where digits a1 and a2 lie between 0 and 9. Further, at most one of them is zero. Which of the following numbers necessarily produces an integer, when multiplied by D?

a) 18
b) 108
c) 198
d) 288
e) 158
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 17 Aug 2013, 01:51, edited 2 times in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2007, 01:42
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C

D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2....= 0.a1 a2 *(1+0.01+0.01^2+....+0.01^n+.....)

D= 0.a1 a2 * (1/(1-0.01))=0.a1 a2 /0.99=(a1 a2)/99

so, integer should be k*99. therefore, C 198=2*99
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Re: PS: Decimals [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2007, 22:45
tarek99 wrote:
Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2...., where digits a1 and a2 lie between 0 and 9. Further, at most one of them is zero. Which of the following numbers necessarily produces an integer, when multiplied by D?

a) 18
b) 108
c) 198
d) 288
e) 158



Please explain your answer


Walker u r ridiculous! :P so good at these.

Anyway, i remembered that 90/99=.90909090909090....

so one of the integers must be divisble by 9 and 11.

So we have d/99

198d/99 --> 2d So its C.
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 [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2007, 23:57
Guys, you are great!
But could somebody explain please how one follows from another:

(1+0.01+0.01^2+....+0.01^n+.....) = (1/(1-0.01)) ??

Thanks
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 [#permalink] New post 17 Dec 2007, 00:47
Expert's post
Whatever wrote:
Guys, you are great!
But could somebody explain please how one follows from another:

(1+0.01+0.01^2+....+0.01^n+.....) = (1/(1-0.01)) ??

Thanks


∑q^i=1+q+q^2+...+q^n+...... - is a geometric sequence

for a finite geometric sequence: ∑q^i=(1-q^n)/(1-q)

for an infinite geometric sequence with 0<q<1:
q^n will goes to zero when n goes to +∞, so ∑q^i=(1-q^n)/(1-q)=1/(1-q)
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 [#permalink] New post 17 Dec 2007, 01:00
walker wrote:
Whatever wrote:
Guys, you are great!
But could somebody explain please how one follows from another:

(1+0.01+0.01^2+....+0.01^n+.....) = (1/(1-0.01)) ??

Thanks


∑q^i=1+q+q^2+...+q^n+...... - is a geometric sequence

for a finite geometric sequence: ∑q^i=(1-q^n)/(1-q)

for an infinite geometric sequence with 0<q<1:
q^n will goes to zero when n goes to +∞, so ∑q^i=(1-q^n)/(1-q)=1/(1-q)


Thanks a lot.
I noticed that there is a sequence, but can't remember the formula of geometric sequence =)
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source [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2007, 07:18
I, too, would be very curious in knowning the source of this question.
Does someone has idea if the real GMAT could give questions of a similar difficulty?
It seemes VERY STRANGE to me that GMAT would want you to remember that formula of the summatory.

Bye,
Gianluca

bmwhype2 wrote:
what is the source of this question?
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Re: PS: Decimals [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2007, 07:36
tarek99 wrote:
Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2...., where digits a1 and a2 lie between 0 and 9. Further, at most one of them is zero. Which of the following numbers necessarily produces an integer, when multiplied by D?

a) 18
b) 108
c) 198
d) 288
e) 158



Please explain your answer


For those who dont want to be troubled by the Geometric Series and its formula, here is a short-cut to remember:
any recurring decimal with 'n' recurring digits can be written as: A/B
A = the n recurring digits
B = 10^n - 1

Eg: 0.658658658..... = 658/999
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Re: source [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2013, 09:19
gindro79 wrote:
I, too, would be very curious in knowning the source of this question.
Does someone has idea if the real GMAT could give questions of a similar difficulty?
It seemes VERY STRANGE to me that GMAT would want you to remember that formula of the summatory.

Bye,
Gianluca

bmwhype2 wrote:
what is the source of this question?



This question is taken from CAT 2000 paper. :)
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Re: Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2013, 18:05
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its straight question

give D=0.abababab (say - 1)
Multiply both sides by 100 i.e

100D = ab.abababab (say - 2)

now subtract 1 from 2 . That gives

99D = ab => D = ab/99... hence it should be multiplied by 99k to get an integer ab.
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Re: Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 [#permalink] New post 17 Aug 2013, 00:53
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Two ways to solve this question:

1) When there is a recurring number i.e non-terminating number, the number can be expressed in the below form

Suppose N = 0.abababababab......

N can be written as
===> __
==>0.ab


To convert any recurring number to fraction form, divide the number by 9,99,999,9999, depending on the no. of recurring digits.

Here we have two recurring digits, so N=ab/99,
Similarly if we have,
====> _____
M = 0.abcde, them M = abcde/99999

NOTE: this is only for numbers in the form of 0.abcdef..... , not for normal recurring number 123123123....

Now in this question, we have
===> ____
D= 0.a1a2

Therefore, D=a1a2/99

Lets try each option and multiple it by D

For C, we have (a1a2/99)*198 => 2* a1a2, this will be an integer.

So option C is correct, for other option we are getting fractional terms.

2) Second way

D= 0.a1a2a1a2a1a2.......
===> ____
D=0.a1a2

Now,
=========> ____
100D= a1a2.a1a2

Now, 100D - D => a1a2 ( Both recurring parts will be subtracted)
99D = a1a2
D = a1a2/99

Rest same as explained 1st way.


Thanks,
Jai

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Re: Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2.... [#permalink] New post 17 Aug 2013, 10:29
tarek99 wrote:
Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2...., where digits a1 and a2 lie between 0 and 9. Further, at most one of them is zero. Which of the following numbers necessarily produces an integer, when multiplied by D?

a) 18
b) 108
c) 198
d) 288
e) 158

0.123412341234.................... = 1234/9999

0.34343434........................... = 34/99

0.543543543543..................... = 543/999

so, 0.a1a2a1a2a1a2a1a2................ = a1a2/99 and 198 is a multiple of 99 .
so Answer is (C)
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Re: Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2.... [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2014, 12:01
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Re: Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D=0.a1 a2 a1 a2....   [#permalink] 21 Aug 2014, 12:01
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