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Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10

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Current Student
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Joined: 21 Sep 2012
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Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
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Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink]  27 Dec 2012, 18:33
Q 32
Verb agreement error......Have been cannot be used it will mean that past action is continuing in the present i.e. The destruction of the building is still continuing. had been can be blindly used here because two events both are in past and the former has ended.....

Hope that helps

Consider Kudos If my post helped
Current Student
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 1095
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Followers: 34

Kudos [?]: 396 [1] , given: 69

Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink]  27 Dec 2012, 18:46
1
KUDOS
35. In June of 1987, The Bridge of Trinquetaille, Vincent van Gogh's view of an iron bridge over the Rhone sold
for $20.2 million and it was the second highest price ever paid for a painting at auction. (A) Rhone sold for$20.2 million and it was<<<<<<<<<<Sold modifies Bridge over Rhone ...wrong>>>>
(B) Rhone, which sold for $20.2 million, was<<<<<<Which stands for Rhone wrong>>>>>>> (C) Rhone, was sold for$20.2 million, <<<Correct>>>>>>>
(D) Rhone was sold for $20.2 million, being<<<<Wrong usage of Being change in meaning>>>> (E) Rhone, sold for$20.2 million, and was<<<It means The book was sold for the amount and book was the second highest price <<<<wrong How can book be paid its humna being who are paid>>> moreover noun clause should modify 20.2 Million $and not the book>>>>>>>>>> Consider Kudos If my post helped Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 23 Jul 2010 Posts: 516 Followers: 81 Kudos [?]: 659 [3] , given: 273 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 27 Dec 2012, 19:35 3 This post received KUDOS Hi guys, Here are the takeaways The format will be as follows:--- Q number Concepts tested Expert comments & articles related to the concept or question Link to previous valuable discussions on the same topic Q 31 Concepts-Use of unlike Like & unlike can only compare two nouns and like means ‘similar to” For comparing clauses use ‘as’ Usage of which The preposition ‘which’ usually only modifies the preceding noun, Occasionally it can jump over a prepositional phrase to modify a noun Meaning change * there's also a slight change in meaning. "....recognize that their ... skills are weak" just means that the people should know that they have weak skills. "...Recognize the weakness..." means that they should actually be able to point out the specific weakness. Previous Expert comments—Ron on Mgmt forum Usage of While +adjective phrase * if you're going to use "while" with an adjective phrase (while willing to...), then that adjective phrase should precede the main verb. i.e., many people, while willing to... , are disinclined to... Usage of which--Ron mgmt nouns that are modified by prepositional phrases can still be the referent of 'which' even if they are a few words distant from it. This usually happens when the immediately preceding noun is grammatically incompatible with the verb after "which". For example: "The picture of my brothers, which was taken last year in Mexico, is one of my favorites." You might object to this sentence on the grounds that 'which' might be taken to modify 'brothers'. And, in a strict sort of way, you'd be right. But here's the catch: There's really no other reasonable way to write this sentence. You just can't get 'picture' next to the 'which' clause without creating total nonsense, or splitting the sentence into 2 smaller sentences plus, 'brothers' is plural, and is incompatible with 'which WAS'. This is an interesting point, though, and subtle at that. Q32 Concepts--- Meaning The problem says that some buildings “were destroyed and heavily damaged” but that doesn’t actually make sense! A building is either destroyed or heavily damaged, but it can’t be both simultaneously because these are two different states on the same continuum. The correct answer, B, switches that “and” to the more logical “or.” Answers B and E are both grammatically correct, but they have different meanings.-Stacy Koprince mgmt Tense The buildings were first built thereafter destroyed, so we need past perfect tense to indicate that the correct answer will read ‘some of the buildings that were destroyed (past tense) or heavily damaged in the earthquake had been(past perfect tense) Placement of words/single word Last year modifies the year of the earth quake, so it should be placed as close to that as in B IN Choice E Last year is illogically is placed close to buildings, so it appears as if buildings were built last year Link to similar discussions http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2011/09/ ... correction http://www.beatthegmat.com/mba/2011/10/ ... ion-part-2 _________________ How to CHOOSE your Business School Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated Rules for posting on the verbal forum When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions Avoid posting from unreliable sources such as 1000 series. Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 23 Jul 2010 Posts: 516 Followers: 81 Kudos [?]: 659 [1] , given: 273 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 27 Dec 2012, 19:57 1 This post received KUDOS Q 33 ConceptsParallelism Elements in the list need to be logically and grammatically // since thay are of equal significance Gmat loves to trick you by making you pick the wrong elements on the list or by making grammatical constructions // erroneously eg- simple gerunds and complex gerunds and concrete nouns and action nouns CANNOT BE // Try to check for //m from Right to left (in a list) most important words will be place far away from the underlined portions Q 34 Concepts tested MUCH vs MANY Countable noun—many Non-countable nouns –much s-v agreement dioxins—come both plural dioxin comes --singular . you shouldn't end modifiers with prepositions. * "that north Americans are exposed to" is WRONG Previous Expert comments—Ron on Mgmt forum * "much of the dioxins" is not good. if you're going to use uncountable quantity words, like "much", then you should use them with singular mass nouns (money, furniture, water, etc.) * "that north Americans are exposed to" is WRONG. you shouldn't end modifiers with prepositions. this should be "to which north Americans are exposed". * "much" is singular (as are all uncountable quantity words - "much", "little", as well as more/less etc. when used with uncountable quantities), so the plural verb "come" is wrong. LINK to a previous useful disscuss on the same http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/post36051.html rests of the Takeaways later today..this a good deal of work must say _________________ How to CHOOSE your Business School Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated Rules for posting on the verbal forum When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions Avoid posting from unreliable sources such as 1000 series. Moderator Joined: 01 Sep 2010 Posts: 2688 Followers: 559 Kudos [?]: 4320 [0], given: 746 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 28 Dec 2012, 04:02 Expert's post But the takeaways are from the 31st question ahead ?? _________________ COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS AND RESOURCES Quant: 1. ALL GMATPrep questions Quant/Verbal 2. Bunuel Signature Collection - The Next Generation 3. Bunuel Signature Collection ALL-IN-ONE WITH SOLUTIONS 4. Veritas Prep Blog PDF Version Verbal:1. Verbal question bank and directories by Carcass Intern Joined: 15 May 2012 Posts: 41 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 94 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 28 Dec 2012, 13:32 41 E 42 C 43 E 44 E 45 c 46 E 47 E 48 C 49 B 50 D Please post the OA. I found this set very difficult. Meanwhile I will try to justify why I chose the above options. Intern Joined: 15 May 2012 Posts: 41 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 5 [1] , given: 94 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 28 Dec 2012, 13:35 1 This post received KUDOS 41. Under a provision of the Constitution that was never applied. Congress has been required to call a convention for considering possible amendments to the document when formally asked to do it by the legislatures of two-thirds of the states. (A) was never applied, Congress has been required to call a convention for considering possible amendments to the document when formally asked to do it (B) was never applied, there has been a requirement that Congress call a convention for consideration of possible amendments to the document when asked to do it formally (C) was never applied, whereby Congress is required to call a convention for considering possible amendments to the document when asked to do it formally (D) has never been applied, whereby Congress is required to call a convention to consider possible amendments to the document when formally asked to do so (E) has never been applied. Congress is required to call a convention to consider possible amendments to the document when formally asked to do so E is the answer. "has never been applied" is appropriate here. Clear and concise. It conveys the intended meaning. Intern Joined: 15 May 2012 Posts: 41 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 94 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 28 Dec 2012, 13:39 42. The current administration, being worried over some foreign trade barriers being removed and our exports failing to increase as a result of deep cuts in the value of the dollar, has formed a group to study ways to sharpen our competitiveness. (A) being worried over some foreign trade barriers being removed and our exports failing (B) worrying over some foreign trade barriers being removed, also over the failure of our exports (C) worried about the removal of some foreign trade barriers and the failure of our exports (D) in that they were worried about the removal of some foreign trade barriers and also about the failure of our exports (E) because of its worry concerning the removal of some foreign trade barriers, also concerning the failure of our exports I chose C because "worried" correctly modifies the current administration. The first two options have "being" which is not appropriately used here. Please correct me if I am wrong Current Student Status: Final Lap Up!!! Affiliations: NYK Line Joined: 21 Sep 2012 Posts: 1095 Location: India GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11 GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20 GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31 GPA: 3.84 WE: Engineering (Transportation) Followers: 34 Kudos [?]: 396 [0], given: 69 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 28 Dec 2012, 15:37 No compiled lists yet.......come on guys still waiting for reponses so that i can go ahead with posting........ Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 23 Jul 2010 Posts: 516 Followers: 81 Kudos [?]: 659 [0], given: 273 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 28 Dec 2012, 16:10 Archit143 wrote: No compiled lists yet.......come on guys still waiting for reponses so that i can go ahead with posting........ I agree there is no use of JUST posting questions w/o discussion from other participant members. I will post some more takeaways from the remaining 5-6 questions and finish the exercise. Archit can you please post the OA from Q41-Q 50? thnks _________________ How to CHOOSE your Business School Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated Rules for posting on the verbal forum When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions Avoid posting from unreliable sources such as 1000 series. Current Student Status: Final Lap Up!!! Affiliations: NYK Line Joined: 21 Sep 2012 Posts: 1095 Location: India GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11 GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20 GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31 GPA: 3.84 WE: Engineering (Transportation) Followers: 34 Kudos [?]: 396 [0], given: 69 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 28 Dec 2012, 18:05 Actually i m out of town i ll post by today noon...Srry for the delay Manager Joined: 27 Jul 2012 Posts: 98 Location: India GMAT Date: 10-25-2012 WE: Consulting (Computer Software) Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 69 [0], given: 62 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 29 Dec 2012, 00:17 Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium. (A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium. modifier issue (B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses. modifier issue (C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses. should not be same applicability but probably applicability in the same way (D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses. - correct (E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium. D is definitely better than E, but I do not have any solid reason to eliminate. I am sure "they(subject pronoun)" refers to New small businesses (subject noun) only. Can someone please point out the mistake in E? _________________ if my post helped you, let me know by pressing Kudos... Current Student Status: Final Lap Up!!! Affiliations: NYK Line Joined: 21 Sep 2012 Posts: 1095 Location: India GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11 GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20 GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31 GPA: 3.84 WE: Engineering (Transportation) Followers: 34 Kudos [?]: 396 [0], given: 69 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 29 Dec 2012, 02:20 Posting OA 41 - 50 41 E 42 C 43 A 44 E 45 C 46 E 47 E 48 C 49 B 50 D Requesting all to present take aways..I am preparing set of question out of these 50 with the heading of " Questions pertaining to Verb ing Modifier'......I feel that this type modifier are real challenge and acing such tye will guarantee 25 - 30 % correct SC answer Pls post OA frens Current Student Status: Final Lap Up!!! Affiliations: NYK Line Joined: 21 Sep 2012 Posts: 1095 Location: India GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11 GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20 GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31 GPA: 3.84 WE: Engineering (Transportation) Followers: 34 Kudos [?]: 396 [0], given: 69 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 29 Dec 2012, 02:22 sharmila79 wrote: 41 E 42 C 43 E 44 E 45 c 46 E 47 E 48 C 49 B 50 D Please post the OA. I found this set very difficult. Meanwhile I will try to justify why I chose the above options. Just one wrong sharmila good job!!!! Current Student Status: Final Lap Up!!! Affiliations: NYK Line Joined: 21 Sep 2012 Posts: 1095 Location: India GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11 GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20 GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31 GPA: 3.84 WE: Engineering (Transportation) Followers: 34 Kudos [?]: 396 [0], given: 69 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 29 Dec 2012, 02:27 dentobizz wrote: IMO *41 e (are you sure about the full stop in the option?) 42 c *43 e *44 e 45 c *46 e 47 e 48 c 49 b 50 d Good Job dentobizzz!!! just one wrong I see that both you and sharmila got Q 43 wrong... Since i got it right i ll post my understanding of it You pointed out some query about full stop in Q 41 ..Its GMAT forget about dobting anything that is official and do not care even if RON questions it...He too learned from it. In Q 41 for Q 41 When i referd my error log i found that "Whereby ' introduces a fragment and hence is considered wrong on GMAT.... Consider Kudos If my post helped!!! Current Student Status: Final Lap Up!!! Affiliations: NYK Line Joined: 21 Sep 2012 Posts: 1095 Location: India GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11 GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20 GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31 GPA: 3.84 WE: Engineering (Transportation) Followers: 34 Kudos [?]: 396 [0], given: 69 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 29 Dec 2012, 02:44 Archit143 wrote: 43. In the minds of many people living in England, before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes, the opposite pole to civilization, an obscure and unimaginable place that was considered the end of the world. (A) before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes (B) before there was Australia, it was the antipodes (C) it was the antipodes that was Australia (D) Australia was what was the antipodes (E) Australia was what had been known as the antipodes Hi Sharmilla and Dentobizz Option E cannot be right option Choice because of the presence of "Had been" Can u find any other past event.... Answer is NO Check the word "Living in England' that means its talking of people presently living in England not about those who lived. It also alters the intent of the sentence had been means that there is no one alive thinking of Australia as antipodes..thats wrong because of the verb in the non underlined portion i.e. living means there are people still living. Be very careful in the use of "Had been " when attached to something means it was over in the past there is no one doing or carrying out that activity......For clarification check OG 13 Q 77 ( A contract of 1977 restricted canada and US ...) Moreover the use of" Australia was Australia" Refer OG 13 (Eg: wasps, wasps are social........) Current Student Status: Final Lap Up!!! Affiliations: NYK Line Joined: 21 Sep 2012 Posts: 1095 Location: India GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11 GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20 GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31 GPA: 3.84 WE: Engineering (Transportation) Followers: 34 Kudos [?]: 396 [0], given: 69 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 29 Dec 2012, 02:48 anshunadir wrote: Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium. (A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium. modifier issue (B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses. modifier issue (C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big businesses. should not be same applicability but probably applicability in the same way (D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses. - correct (E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium. D is definitely better than E, but I do not have any solid reason to eliminate. I am sure "they(subject pronoun)" refers to New small businesses (subject noun) only. Can someone please point out the mistake in E? Hi anshu Just like to correct you option A is a Pronoun ambiguity ..They being plural must be used for new small business but since big buisnesses is present close it, hence its a Pronoun error. Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 23 Jul 2010 Posts: 516 Followers: 81 Kudos [?]: 659 [1] , given: 273 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 29 Dec 2012, 08:40 1 This post received KUDOS Archit143 wrote: dentobizz wrote: IMO *41 e (are you sure about the full stop in the option?) 42 c *43 e *44 e 45 c *46 e 47 e 48 c 49 b 50 d Good Job dentobizzz!!! just one wrong I see that both you and sharmila got Q 43 wrong... Since i got it right i ll post my understanding of it You pointed out some query about full stop in Q 41 ..Its GMAT forget about dobting anything that is official and do not care even if RON questions it...He too learned from it. In Q 41 for Q 41 When i referd my error log i found that "Whereby ' introduces a fragment and hence is considered wrong on GMAT.... Consider Kudos If my post helped!!! I will just quote what Ron wrote in the mgmt forum , he hasn't questioned the og just said that we will NEVER see 2 sentences in the SC problems on the official test. It will always be a single sentence ''For our Yankee readers, 'full stop' is the British commonwealth way of saying 'period' (= punctuation mark that denotes the end of a sentence; not the other meanings of 'period'). One thing that NEVER changes about Sentence Correction questions is that they are single sentences. You will NEVER see a SC question in which the problem - or ANY single one of the answer choices - contains a period ('full stop') anywhere except at the very end. They just don't do that. I don't have the 10th edition OG in front of me, but I can guarantee you that, if you look closely enough, all the marks you're currently mistaking for 'full stops' are actually commas.'' --Ron _________________ How to CHOOSE your Business School Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated Rules for posting on the verbal forum When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions Avoid posting from unreliable sources such as 1000 series. Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 23 Jul 2010 Posts: 516 Followers: 81 Kudos [?]: 659 [1] , given: 273 Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink] 29 Dec 2012, 13:13 1 This post received KUDOS Here are some more takeaways The format will be as follows:--- Q numbers Concepts tested Expert comments & articles related to the concept or question Link to previous valuable discussions on the same topic Q 35 36 37 CONCEPT TESTED Use of And --'and' is used to join two sentences as a coordinating conjunction; it means that these two don't have a cause-effect relation but are two independent thaught I failed in the exam and I didn't study enough (this means that the failure is NOT linked to lack of studying) Use of 'being' being is wrong on the GMAT almost always , unless it cannot be replaced by a better construction use of native of and native to In general, we use "native of" when we're speaking of an individual (human or otherwise); we use "native to" when we're speaking about a other things such as plant/animals.the verb preceding "native to" should always be in the present tense. John is a native of Houston Clove is native to Africa appositive modifier IN Q35 In June of 1987, The Bridge of Trinquetaille, Vincent van Gogh's view of an iron bridge over the Rhone, was sold for$20.2million, the second highest price ever paid for a painting at auction.
the orange part is a modifier. (it's called an "appositive" modifier.)
Modifiers can be removed in grammatical analysis, so you can just look at the remaining part -- The Bridge of Trinq was sold...
The key is just to be able to recognize which parts of a sentence are modifiers.
Punctuation and so on can help you here, but the meaning of the sentence makes this job much easier

these are adjectives that modify a single noun and are not joined by any conjunctions. For example, we say an amazing, mammoth profession. The adjectives ‘amazing and mammoth’ both refer to the procession and are not joined the usual ‘and’. A comma is used to separate both the adjectives; In effect it means an amazing and mammoth procession.
eg--in Q 37 only if it is taught as a separate, required course-Cordinating conj.

Expert comments & articles related to the concept or question

Usage of BEING
There is no official rule about the use of the word "being." The GMAT just tends to use it in awkward and/or passive constructions; therefore its presence is generally a sign of a wrong answer. If it's in a correct choice, it is most likely to appear at the beginning of a sentence, as in this example:

"Being the president is both difficult and rewarding."
Naturally, if "being" is in the non-underlined portion, or if it appears in every answer choice, then it is being used correctly. Still, most of its uses are not so good. Here are some examples of GMAT-style wrong choices containing "being":
I was not aware of of the situation being so bad. (Better is: I was not aware that the situation was so bad.)
He was not interested in working hard, but being rich. (Better: He was interested not in working hard, but in becoming rich.)
The CFO suggested a reduction in the number of employees being assigned to the project. (Better: Simply remove "being.")
These are just a few examples. It may help to spend some time looking through SC questions that contain "being" and asking "What purpose does the word serve here? Could it be replaced with something better, or simply eliminated? Is there a more direct way to say this that would not require the use of 'being'?"
Still, if you need to make a quick decision, avoiding "being" is usually the way to go.
I hope this helps!—dmitry faber Mgmt
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Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10 [#permalink]  29 Dec 2012, 13:53
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Here are some more takeaways

Q number--38 39 40

Concepts tested

--ING modifiers (38, 39)
-ing modifiers are a topic in themselves
their usage differs depending upon the presence/absence of comma before them. Most OG question have --ing modifiers as the opening modifiers which should be followed by a subject immediately in most cases.

From the meaning standpoint -ing modifiers indicate a on going simultaneous action OR and cause-consequence relation b/w the modifier and the clause. So always check is the meaning of the sentence warrants its use.
(in depth application of the modifiers is covered in e-gmat articles listed below and Thursdays with Ron session-- Link given below)

to+verb
TO+verb incidates purpose/inntent to doxxx
eg-- I am on a diet to loose weight (RIGHT purpose of dieting is loosing wt)

Arvind Adiga won the Booker's prize to write,the book , The white tiger (WRONG The purpose for writing the book is not winning the prize )
Arvind Adiga won the Booker's prize for writing ,the book,The white tiger--correct

Instead of is used to compare nouns whereas rather than is used to compare clauses
instead of and rather than also differ VERY slightly in meaning
instead of --indicates replacement and rather than--indicates -selection b/w things

comma+Infinitive is wrong
A infinitive CANNOT be preceded by a COMMA

Expert comments & articles related to the concept or question

'We can't use an infinitive after the comma. Remember that an infinitive functions as a verb, but we're trying to introduce a modifying clause here to provide further information about the military equipment. (q 39)
This is just one of those things you have to memorize, unfortunately, especially if you are not a native speaker'-Stacy Mgmt

'think about the meaning of the sentence: you have a contrast between an application over a continuous surface (in which "over" actually makes logical sense), on the one hand, and a different application at a series of (individual) points, on the other hand.
the issue, then, is the meaning of each preposition -- this is not a question about idioms. (q 40)
when something happens at a single location, "at" is used; it makes no sense to say that something happens "over" a single point (or several single points -- still ultimately the same issue)'.—Ron

There IS a crucial difference between "rather than" and "instead of" that you should know. "Rather than" is a conjunction and so can be followed by basically anything, whereas "instead of" is a (complex) preposition -- and a preposition should be followed only by a noun.
Now, the noun can be an "-ing" verb, known as a gerund. However, the GMAT seems to prefer "rather than" in comparisons of verbs, because the parallelism is clearest:
(1) "I ski rather than snowboard." -- Correct.
(2) "I ski instead of snowboarding." -- Correct, but a 'little' less parallel, so (1) is slightly preferable. The GMAT probably won't test this point in isolation, though, so we're going to revise the question.
You can also use "rather than" to compare phrases or clauses. In that context, "instead of" is absolutely wrong, even though it's heard in spoken English:
(3) "I went in the cellar rather than in the attic." -- Correct.
(4) "I went in the cellar instead of in the attic." -- INCORRECT although this 'sounds' normal to me, to be honest! (That's why you have to retrain your ear -- it's not always grammatically right!)
(5) "I went in the cellar instead of the attic." -- Also correct. No difference in preference between (3) and (5).

As for the meaning of the two expressions -- to my ear, they have slightly different connotations or nuances ("instead of" sounds more like an actual replacement to me than "rather than," which is somehow softer), but the GMAT doesn't seem to test that connotational difference.--mgmt forums
So -- when in doubt, go with "rather than"!

Link to previous valuable discussions on the same topic

VERB+ing modifiers by e-gmat (part 1 and 2)
usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html#p1101074
verb-ing-modifiers-part-2-in-our-first-article-on-verb-ing-135567.html

http://www.beatthegmat.com/ing-modifier ... 38943.html
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/og- ... t1560.html
for-members-of-the-seventeenth-century-ashanti-nation-in-144670.html

http://www.manhattangmat.com/thursdays-with-ron.cfm
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Re: Lets destroy OG , Started with OG 10   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2012, 13:53

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