Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in

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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling

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"serve the colony" maintains correct tense. therefore its either c, d or e.

e maintains parallel structure properly.

hence E it is.
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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling
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New post 13 Dec 2006, 00:49
Two parallel constructions, only E gets both of them right.
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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 06:41
Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling


I understand the answer options and the logic behind correct answer.
Below is my question:

In option B, is use of that correct? are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
or use of which correct i.e. are serving the colony in which they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle

Experts, please reply
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Last edited by Zarrolou on 12 May 2013, 06:44, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 12 May 2013, 09:01
Swati, in that is a conjunction that means inasmuch as; in that has largely gone out of use, and is considered stilted and overly formal.

So, it is safe to assume that any usage of in that would be largely incorrect on GMAT.

p.s. I somehow recollect there used to be an old GMATPrep question where the option that used in that was the right choice. But GMAT keeps evolving and hopefully it will not be in future.
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New post 13 May 2013, 05:24
I am still not clear..Is the use of which correct in the above statement? and which one is better?that or which?
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New post 19 Jul 2013, 06:54
swati007 wrote:
Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling


I understand the answer options and the logic behind correct answer.
Below is my question:

In option B, is use of that correct? are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
or use of which correct i.e. are serving the colony in which they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle

Experts, please reply


I understand the answer, but isn't rest singular?? what am I missing?
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New post 23 Aug 2013, 09:42
swati007 wrote:
Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling


I understand the answer options and the logic behind correct answer.
Below is my question:

In option B, is use of that correct? are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
or use of which correct i.e. are serving the colony in which they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle

Experts, please reply


Hi Swati,

look @ the first part of the sentence it is only " few individuals reproduce and the rest" , so the second should also go in simple present tense.

Hope I explained what you were asking. :shock:

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New post 23 Aug 2013, 17:38
swati007 wrote:
Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling


I understand the answer options and the logic behind correct answer.
Below is my question:

In option B, is use of that correct? are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
or use of which correct i.e. are serving the colony in which they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle

Experts, please reply

prep can not be followed by "that"
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New post 01 Sep 2013, 05:04
The answer will be "E".

It is a simple case of Parallelism.

Option A and Option B are out as there is no Parallelism b/w "a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving".

Options C, D and E correct the above error but Option C and D shows no Parallelism later in the sentence by using "or by battling".
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New post 30 Oct 2013, 08:42
egmat wrote:
[vimeo]


Excellent explanation E-Gmat.
Thanks.
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2014, 11:36
Hi,

If this sentence is written as below then would it be correct?

Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling
F. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling

OPtion F is similar to option E just that instead of 'by' verbi-ing phrases .These phrases describe how termites serve teh colony.

My doubt is whether the usage of 'by' in this sentence is mandatory. Can we avoid using 'by' and insted use verb-ing phrases to describe the 'how' aspect of the preceding clause.
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New post 27 Jan 2014, 10:52
rahulvv wrote:
Hi,

If this sentence is written as below then would it be correct?

Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling
F. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling

OPtion F is similar to option E just that instead of 'by' verbi-ing phrases .These phrases describe how termites serve teh colony.

My doubt is whether the usage of 'by' in this sentence is mandatory. Can we avoid using 'by' and insted use verb-ing phrases to describe the 'how' aspect of the preceding clause.



Hi rahulvv,

Yes, option F is correct. We can use Comma + Verb-ing modifier here instead of prepositional phrases (starting with by) to express the "How" aspect of the preceding action. This absolutely correct usage.

However, GMAT will NEVER present both these options together in a question as only One answer can be correct in an official sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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New post 31 May 2014, 04:30
Termite colonies are extreme example of organization and every termite knows its role in organization. Work like reproduction, defense, transport ,food collection,food search etc. are evenly distributed in capable ones.
There are three types of termites
Subterranean Termites
Dry-wood Termites
Damp-wood Termites

For more information visit Pinnacle Pest Control
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2016, 22:34
I have a doubt;

Had C been "serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling"

Would that have been correct? Can the by be omitted in this sentence? In my head it sounds wrong but I just want to clarify
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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2016, 11:13
ttanvir wrote:
Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.



construction should be - FEW DOES X and REST DOES Y - hence "few individuals reproduce and the rest serve" would be correct.
we do not need "by" more than once.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling

yes arirux92. by can be omitted. it will be a great example of ing modifier.
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2016, 21:40
+1 for E.

Split 1 : Parallelism with reproduce. Eliminate A & B.
Split 2 : Need "by" to indicate how the termites serve. Eliminate C

D can be eliminated because it does not repeat "by" for all items in the list (gathering food).
E is correct.
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2016, 06:03
rest serve the colony by -- should be parallel structure
Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in   [#permalink] 23 Sep 2016, 06:03
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