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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in

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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2006, 13:28
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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling

***** Thanks from all to underline the tested part of the sentence... I did it for u, Fig :) *****
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 [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2006, 02:36
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"serve the colony" maintains correct tense. therefore its either c, d or e.

e maintains parallel structure properly.

hence E it is.
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Re: SC-Ants [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2006, 04:42
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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Dec 2006, 00:49
Two parallel constructions, only E gets both of them right.
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2011, 18:11
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Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 12 May 2013, 06:41
Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling


I understand the answer options and the logic behind correct answer.
Below is my question:

In option B, is use of that correct? are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
or use of which correct i.e. are serving the colony in which they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle

Experts, please reply
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Last edited by Zarrolou on 12 May 2013, 06:44, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 12 May 2013, 09:01
Swati, in that is a conjunction that means inasmuch as; in that has largely gone out of use, and is considered stilted and overly formal.

So, it is safe to assume that any usage of in that would be largely incorrect on GMAT.

p.s. I somehow recollect there used to be an old GMATPrep question where the option that used in that was the right choice. But GMAT keeps evolving and hopefully it will not be in future.
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 13 May 2013, 05:24
I am still not clear..Is the use of which correct in the above statement? and which one is better?that or which?
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2013, 06:54
swati007 wrote:
Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling


I understand the answer options and the logic behind correct answer.
Below is my question:

In option B, is use of that correct? are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
or use of which correct i.e. are serving the colony in which they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle

Experts, please reply


I understand the answer, but isn't rest singular?? what am I missing?
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2013, 09:42
swati007 wrote:
Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling


I understand the answer options and the logic behind correct answer.
Below is my question:

In option B, is use of that correct? are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
or use of which correct i.e. are serving the colony in which they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle

Experts, please reply


Hi Swati,

look @ the first part of the sentence it is only " few individuals reproduce and the rest" , so the second should also go in simple present tense.

Hope I explained what you were asking. :shock:

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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2013, 17:38
swati007 wrote:
Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling


I understand the answer options and the logic behind correct answer.
Below is my question:

In option B, is use of that correct? are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
or use of which correct i.e. are serving the colony in which they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle

Experts, please reply

prep can not be followed by "that"
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2013, 05:04
The answer will be "E".

It is a simple case of Parallelism.

Option A and Option B are out as there is no Parallelism b/w "a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving".

Options C, D and E correct the above error but Option C and D shows no Parallelism later in the sentence by using "or by battling".
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2013, 08:42
egmat wrote:
[vimeo]


Excellent explanation E-Gmat.
Thanks.
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2014, 11:36
Hi,

If this sentence is written as below then would it be correct?

Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling
F. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling

OPtion F is similar to option E just that instead of 'by' verbi-ing phrases .These phrases describe how termites serve teh colony.

My doubt is whether the usage of 'by' in this sentence is mandatory. Can we avoid using 'by' and insted use verb-ing phrases to describe the 'how' aspect of the preceding clause.
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 27 Jan 2014, 10:52
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rahulvv wrote:
Hi,

If this sentence is written as below then would it be correct?

Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle intruders.

A. are serving the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or they battle
B. are serving the colony in that they tend juveniles, gather food, build the nest, or battle
C. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or by battling
D. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, by building the nest, or by battling
E. serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling
F. serve the colony, tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling

OPtion F is similar to option E just that instead of 'by' verbi-ing phrases .These phrases describe how termites serve teh colony.

My doubt is whether the usage of 'by' in this sentence is mandatory. Can we avoid using 'by' and insted use verb-ing phrases to describe the 'how' aspect of the preceding clause.



Hi rahulvv,

Yes, option F is correct. We can use Comma + Verb-ing modifier here instead of prepositional phrases (starting with by) to express the "How" aspect of the preceding action. This absolutely correct usage.

However, GMAT will NEVER present both these options together in a question as only One answer can be correct in an official sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in [#permalink] New post 31 May 2014, 04:30
Termite colonies are extreme example of organization and every termite knows its role in organization. Work like reproduction, defense, transport ,food collection,food search etc. are evenly distributed in capable ones.
There are three types of termites
Subterranean Termites
Dry-wood Termites
Damp-wood Termites

For more information visit Pinnacle Pest Control
Re: Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in   [#permalink] 31 May 2014, 04:30
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