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Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop

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Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2008, 05:40
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Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

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Re: Sentence Correction (Like embryonic) [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2008, 05:47
When we use the word "ability" it is almost always the ability to do something. So we need a verb there, not a noun. "developing" is a noun. The sentence actually tries to use it as a verb. "developing themselves".
Caroline121 wrote:
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into defferent kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

OA is (B), well I selected (A). Why (B) is correct and (A) isn't? :?:

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Re: Sentence Correction (Like embryonic) [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2008, 05:58
Caroline121 wrote:
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into defferent kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

OA is (B), well I selected (A). Why (B) is correct and (A) isn't? :?:



Even if A and B looks grammatically correct. Then B is concise (GMAT Prefers concise)
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Re: Sentence Correction (Like embryonic) [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2008, 08:30
Caroline121 wrote:
Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into defferent kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells

OA is (B), well I selected (A). Why (B) is correct and (A) isn't? :?:


ability to and ability of are used in different contexts.

ability to <whats the ability>
consider the eg :
jill has the ability to fetch a pile of water.
jill has the ability of fetching a pile of water
.

ability of <whose ability>
dont question the ability of jill.
here ability of is correct.


:) Hope i have cleared the doubt
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Re: Sentence Correction (Like embryonic) [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2008, 08:48
ability of developing themselves vs ability to develop into?
which one do you prefer?
I believe A does not capture intended meaning either.
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Re: Sentence Correction (Like embryonic) [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2008, 10:35
mbawaters wrote:
ability of developing themselves vs ability to develop into?
which one do you prefer?
I believe A does not capture intended meaning either.


I prefer B since it says ability is : to develop into ....
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Re: Sentence Correction (Like embryonic) [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2008, 18:07
I remember that there is another Sentence Correction which mentions another word " capable".
... the studies indicate dolphins as capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors ....
Below is the URL.
11-p165514?t=24943&hilit=The+results+of+two+recent+unrelated+studies#p165514

Is it the rule that "capable" + "of doing", while "ability" + "to do sth"? As capable is an adj., and ability is a noun. May I just mark that "adj" + "of doing", and "noun" + "to do sth"? :?:
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2012, 21:22
The pronoun "themselves" is redundant and unidiomatic when used after "develop."
As to the expression "the ability of developing" it is incorrect stylistically. The correct idiom is "ability TO do something."
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2012, 03:29
I went for A instead of B. Hindsight shows that when all rules are done and checked, we need finally to check the "Concision" part in case of a tie.
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2012, 05:55
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Hi folks,

In this official question, selection of correct answer lies on the knowledge of correct idiom and not mere conciseness. “Ability of” and “ability to” both are correct expressions. However, they are used differently.
“Ability of” is generally followed by a “proper” noun. This noun can be a person, an organization, a group, a thing, etc. Here we are not talking about a noun form of any word or a gerund. Following are a few examples from The New York Times:

1. Separately, some of the animals also were injected with a drug that blocks the ability of male sex hormones to bind to receptors in the brain.

2. International relief officials reported an increasingly grim aid crisis stemming from the Syria conflict on Tuesday, with two million people there not getting desperately needed help, and a sudden acceleration of refugees overwhelming the ability of neighboring countries to absorb them.

3. An experimental drug preserved and even improved the walking ability of boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy in a clinical trial, raising hopes that the first effective treatment for the disease may be on the horizon.

When we use "ability to, it is followed by a verb.
Now let’s study the official question.

Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

This sentence is clearly talking about the ability of embryonic stem cells, a noun, to do something. Hence, we must use the expression “ability to” to communicate that. Notice that use of “ability of developing” is not correct here because “developing” is an ‘ing” noun form, a gerund, and not a “proper” noun.

Hence, the context of the sentence determines the correct usage of the idiom appropriate for that particular sentence.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2012, 07:29
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Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop early in the formation of the fetus and that later generate eggs or sperm, embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue.

(A) embryonic stem cells have the ability of developing themselves into different kinds of body tissue
(B) embryonic stem cells have the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(C) in embryonic stem cells there is the ability to develop into different kinds of body tissue
(D) the ability to develop themselves into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells
(E) the ability of developing into different kinds of body tissue characterizes embryonic stem cells


Like rule: Like is used to compare nouns,so the correct options should be something like: Like embryonic germ cells, blah..blah, embryonic stem cells ...
Only option A and B follow the above rule and C,D & E can be straightaway eliminated.
In A, ability of developing is unidiomatic, hence can be ruled out.
Correct Answer: B
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Re: Like embryonic germ cells, which are cells that develop   [#permalink] 25 Oct 2012, 07:29
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