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Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept

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Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 03:38
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Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotional state in a way that no other language does. To capture such a breadth of expression, an artificial language should be created that contains words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages. That is not to say that such a language would contain as many words as there are in all the world’s languages. Rather, only for those words that have no corresponding word in another language. While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages.
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining.
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages.
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Please explain your answer..
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by doe007 on 14 May 2013, 20:47, edited 2 times in total.
Topic name updated and OA added
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 04:11
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anish123ster wrote:
Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotional state in a way that no other language does. To capture such a breadth of expression, an artificial language should be created that contains words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages. That is not to say that such a language would contain as many words as there are in all the world’s languages. Rather, only for those words that have no corresponding word in another language. While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?


A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages.
Are extinct languages important here?
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey.
Numerous overlapping words would shrink the new language as they would not be included in it.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining.
Not relevant.
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages.
Not relevant.
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness.
This is the underlying assumption. The words mentioned are the crux of the argument, just as the language's thoroughness is.
When you remove this assumption, the conclusion falls apart.

Alas... I might be wrong though.
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 04:59
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Argument Analysis
1. Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotional state in a way that no other language does.
2. To capture such a breadth of expression, an artificial language should be created that contains words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages.
3. Conclusion: the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language.

Pre thinking:
Author is concluding that a language more thorough than any existing language can be created by using words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages.
Now the author here is assuming that the new language would be more thorough by only using word corresponding to different concepts and emotional and no other feature is required for a language to be through.


Analysis of answer choices:
A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages.
INCORRECT: irrelevant. No discussion about extinct languages in the argument.
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey.
INCORRECT: irrelevant. Word overlapping has nothing to do with thoroughness.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining.
INCORRECT: irrelevant. Has nothing to do with thoroughness.
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages.
INCORRECT: irrelevant.
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness.
CORRECT : This is what the author assumes when he say that by just using words corresponding to different concepts and emotional state a new more through language can be created.
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 20:26
OA: E

The conclusion assumes that thoroughness, as it relates towards a language, can be defined as encompassing “the range of concepts and emotional states...” That is, there is nothing else that accounts for a language’s thoroughness. This leads us to (E).

(A) contrasts existing and extinct languages. Not relevant.
(B) does not relate to the discussion. On the surface, it looks like it may weaken the point but it does not do so. Even if it did, we are dealing with an assumption.
(C) is a general fact that is irrelevant.
(D) sounds like it weakens the argument, if anything.
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 20:29
HumptyDumpty and ssbisht...nicely done.. +1 to you both..
thanx
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 20:40
Expert's post
Good analysis indeed. Of course this question has three options that seem instantly out of scope (A, C and D). The only one that makes sense is E and I think only B offers a reasonable alternative. The other choices go into concepts such as whether or not the language is extinct and the number of speakers. This type of question could be made harder by introducing verbiage at the end to make you doubt, such as "While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language, and would be a good tool to stave off the growing number of langauges that are now considered extinct".

Even if the questions are harder or easier, the underlying analysis of identifying the conclusion and then determining which answer choice is necessary to keep the conclusion valid remains the same. Questions get more difficult as more red herrings get thrown in, but the concepts rarely vary far from this mold.

Hope this helps!
-Ron
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink] New post 11 May 2013, 05:39
Expert's post
VeritasPrepRon wrote:
Good analysis indeed. Of course this question has three options that seem instantly out of scope (A, C and D). The only one that makes sense is E and I think only B offers a reasonable alternative. The other choices go into concepts such as whether or not the language is extinct and the number of speakers. This type of question could be made harder by introducing verbiage at the end to make you doubt, such as "While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language, and would be a good tool to stave off the growing number of langauges that are now considered extinct".

Even if the questions are harder or easier, the underlying analysis of identifying the conclusion and then determining which answer choice is necessary to keep the conclusion valid remains the same. Questions get more difficult as more red herrings get thrown in, but the concepts rarely vary far from this mold.

Hope this helps!
-Ron



Agree, the most difficult level questions have 5 options nearly impossible or very very close to each other. When you come up to eliminate suddenly 3 options out of 5 is not so tough. My opinion

E is it
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Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2014, 21:46
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Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept   [#permalink] 28 Jul 2014, 21:46
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