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# Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter

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Manager
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Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  13 Oct 2009, 05:51
00:00

Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:47) correct 49% (01:43) wrong based on 98 sessions
Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter law that would raise the fine for littering in the community picnic area to $1,000. Since the inception of the litter law, incremental increases in the littering fine have proven to be consistently effective at further reducing the amount of litter in the community picnic area. However, raising the fine to$1,000 would actually have the unintended effect of increasing the amount of litter in the picnic area. Picnic area users would perceive this fine to be unreasonable and unenforceable, and would disregard the litter law altogether.

In the argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is irrefutable evidence that the author offers in support of a prediction; the second is that prediction.
B. The first is a statement of causation that the author predicts will be repeated in the case at hand; the second raises evidence against this prediction.
C. The first is a statement of fact that the author accepts to be true; the second is presented as a consequence of this fact.
D. The first is evidence that weakens the main position that the author defends; the second is that position.
E. The first is a statement of causation that the author predicts will not hold in the case at hand; the second offers a line of reasoning to support this prediction.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  13 Oct 2009, 05:51
OA to come this afternoon
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  13 Oct 2009, 07:06
IMO E
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  13 Oct 2009, 07:26
"Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter law that would raise the fine for littering in the community picnic area to $1,000." Since the inception of the litter law, incremental increases in the littering fine have proven to be consistently effective at further reducing the amount of litter in the community picnic area. However, raising the fine to$1,000 would actually have the unintended effect of increasing the amount of litter in the picnic area.

Picnic area users would perceive this fine to be unreasonable and unenforceable, and would disregard the litter law altogether.

I will go for B

"The first is a statement of causation that the author predicts will be repeated in the case at hand; the second raises evidence against this prediction.
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  13 Oct 2009, 08:36
I'll go with E.

because tha author says "However, raising the fine to $1,000 would actually have the unintended effect of increasing the amount of litter in the picnic area". So he is sure the statement of causation is not going to work in this case and hence provided reasoning to support it. _________________ Thanks, Sri ------------------------------- keep uppp...ing the tempo... Press +1 Kudos, if you think my post gave u a tiny tip Director Joined: 01 Apr 2008 Posts: 903 Schools: IIM Lucknow (IPMX) - Class of 2014 Followers: 18 Kudos [?]: 360 [0], given: 18 Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink] 13 Oct 2009, 08:56 IMO E Senior Manager Joined: 25 Jul 2009 Posts: 330 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 48 [0], given: 0 Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink] 13 Oct 2009, 10:05 IMO E Intern Joined: 13 May 2009 Posts: 24 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0 Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink] 13 Oct 2009, 10:17 I will also go with E. B seems incorrect as author never says that the first statement would hold true always. Manager Affiliations: CFA Level 2 Candidate Joined: 29 Jun 2009 Posts: 222 Schools: RD 2: Darden Class of 2012 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 2 Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink] 13 Oct 2009, 11:12 OA is E This answer choice correctly identifies the first bold portion as a statement of causation that does not support the author’s claim, and the second bold statement as a line of logic that does support this claim. Director Status: Prep started for the n-th time Joined: 29 Aug 2010 Posts: 707 Followers: 5 Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 37 Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink] 28 Aug 2011, 21:33 +1 for E. Both the bold-face portions fall in the "claim" category,as opposed to "fact" category. Using this information we can eliminate A, B, C and D as these choices lists one of them as evidence/fact. Crick Manager Status: Still Struggling Joined: 02 Nov 2010 Posts: 138 Location: India GMAT Date: 10-15-2011 GPA: 3.71 WE: Information Technology (Computer Software) Followers: 5 Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 8 Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink] 09 Sep 2011, 03:42 I am not sure why the OA is E. the first statement reveals that the fine has been helpful in reducing the litter. the 2nd statement reveals that the fine would be discarded completely. The only option C justifies this. the first statement is assumed to be true(because of the hepfulness of the fine) and the seconf one is consequence of the fees that is predicted. Can you guys please explain me why the ans is E? hogann wrote: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter law that would raise the fine for littering in the community picnic area to$1,000. Since the inception of the litter law, incremental increases in the littering fine have proven to be consistently effective at further reducing the amount of litter in the community picnic area. However, raising the fine to $1,000 would actually have the unintended effect of increasing the amount of litter in the picnic area. Picnic area users would perceive this fine to be unreasonable and unenforceable, and would disregard the litter law altogether. In the argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles? A. The first is irrefutable evidence that the author offers in support of a prediction; the second is that prediction. B. The first is a statement of causation that the author predicts will be repeated in the case at hand; the second raises evidence against this prediction. C. The first is a statement of fact that the author accepts to be true; the second is presented as a consequence of this fact. D. The first is evidence that weakens the main position that the author defends; the second is that position. E. The first is a statement of causation that the author predicts will not hold in the case at hand; the second offers a line of reasoning to support this prediction. _________________ Appreciation in KUDOS please! Knewton Free Test 10/03 - 710 (49/37) Princeton Free Test 10/08 - 610 (44/31) Kaplan Test 1- 10/10 - 630 Veritas Prep- 10/11 - 630 (42/37) MGMAT 1 - 10/12 - 680 (45/34) Manager Joined: 15 Nov 2010 Posts: 109 Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 15 Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink] 09 Sep 2011, 10:06 hogann wrote: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter law that would raise the fine for littering in the community picnic area to$1,000. Since the inception of the litter law, incremental increases in the littering fine have proven to be consistently effective at further reducing the amount of litter in the community picnic area. However, raising the fine to \$1,000 would actually have the unintended effect of increasing the amount of litter in the picnic area. Picnic area users would perceive this fine to be unreasonable and unenforceable, and would disregard the litter law altogether.

In the argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is irrefutable evidence that the author offers in support of a prediction; the second is that prediction.
B. The first is a statement of causation that the author predicts will be repeated in the case at hand; the second raises evidence against this prediction.
C. The first is a statement of fact that the author accepts to be true; the second is presented as a consequence of this fact.
D. The first is evidence that weakens the main position that the author defends; the second is that position.
E. The first is a statement of causation that the author predicts will not hold in the case at hand; the second offers a line of reasoning to support this prediction.

Chose D but now understand why E is correct.
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  09 Sep 2011, 13:36
I picked B.
1-this boldface statement is part of a possible cause and effect relationship
2-this boldface statement contradicts the 1st statement

I understand why the OA is E.
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  10 Sep 2011, 01:13
IMO E
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  10 Sep 2011, 06:17
Very good question. I was just watching B and E to select the right one. Finally guessed E.
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  10 Sep 2011, 10:56
yup +1 for E
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  13 Sep 2011, 10:09
E
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter [#permalink]  14 Sep 2011, 04:27
E it is
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Re: Local authorities are considering an amendment to the litter   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2011, 04:27
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