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LR FROM LSAT 4

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SVP
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LR FROM LSAT 4 [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2003, 02:38
Only if the electorate is moral and intelligent, will a democracy
function well.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred from the
claim above?

(A) If the electorate is moral and intelligent, then a democracy
will function well.
(B) Either a democracy does not function well or else the
electorate is not moral or not intelligent.
(C) If the electorate is not moral or not intelligent, then a
democracy will not function well.
(D) If a democracy does not function well, then the electorate is
not moral or not intelligent.
(E) It cannot, at the same time, be true that the electorate is
moral and intelligent and that a democracy will not function
well.
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2003, 07:34
C?
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Attain Moksha

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Answer [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2003, 07:53
C

Because of that ONLY. If it wasn't for the ONLY, there could be other reasons that could cause a Democracy to function well. The ONLY means C.

I was considering D for about 20 seconds, but that is not a logical conclusion. Think like this:

electorate is moral and intelligent = A
a democracy will function well = B

A is required for B, but does not guarantee it.
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2003, 08:01
C is correct. The answer employs standard logic.

Only if the electorate is moral and intelligent, will a democracy
function well.

means that

A democracy will function well only if the electorate is moral and intelligent.

D does well only if E is M and I

then

If D does well, then E is M and I

then

If E is NOT M and I, then D does NOT do well.
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Re: LR FROM LSAT 4 [#permalink] New post 15 Aug 2006, 12:39
stolyar wrote:
Only if the electorate is moral and intelligent, will a democracy
function well.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred from the
claim above?

(A) If the electorate is moral and intelligent, then a democracy
will function well.
(B) Either a democracy does not function well or else the
electorate is not moral or not intelligent.
(C) If the electorate is not moral or not intelligent, then a
democracy will not function well.
(D) If a democracy does not function well, then the electorate is
not moral or not intelligent.
(E) It cannot, at the same time, be true that the electorate is
moral and intelligent and that a democracy will not function
well.


Stolyar - I was going thru these old CR's and have a question on this one.

Why is E not correct?
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Aug 2006, 12:49
C it is.

E cannot be true. This argument is of the type 'If <cause>, then <possible effect>'. Problem with E is that it tries to modify the argument into 'If <cause>, then <effect> and vice versa' which is wrong...
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Aug 2006, 12:53
paddyboy wrote:
C it is.

E cannot be true. This argument is of the type 'If <cause>, then <possible effect>'. Problem with E is that it tries to modify the argument into 'If <cause>, then <effect> and vice versa' which is wrong...


Thanks Paddyboy.. I must go to sleep now..

:-)
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 [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2006, 04:28
Yes, both morality AND intellect are required for democracy to function well. The abscence of either would result in corruption, or even worse, chaos.

(C) stands here.
  [#permalink] 16 Aug 2006, 04:28
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