LR FROM LSAT 4 : GMAT Verbal Section
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# LR FROM LSAT 4

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SVP
Joined: 03 Feb 2003
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22 Jul 2003, 02:38
Only if the electorate is moral and intelligent, will a democracy
function well.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred from the
claim above?

(A) If the electorate is moral and intelligent, then a democracy
will function well.
(B) Either a democracy does not function well or else the
electorate is not moral or not intelligent.
(C) If the electorate is not moral or not intelligent, then a
democracy will not function well.
(D) If a democracy does not function well, then the electorate is
not moral or not intelligent.
(E) It cannot, at the same time, be true that the electorate is
moral and intelligent and that a democracy will not function
well.
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2003
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22 Jul 2003, 07:34
C?
_________________

Attain Moksha

Manager
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22 Jul 2003, 07:53
C

Because of that ONLY. If it wasn't for the ONLY, there could be other reasons that could cause a Democracy to function well. The ONLY means C.

I was considering D for about 20 seconds, but that is not a logical conclusion. Think like this:

electorate is moral and intelligent = A
a democracy will function well = B

A is required for B, but does not guarantee it.
SVP
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22 Jul 2003, 08:01
C is correct. The answer employs standard logic.

Only if the electorate is moral and intelligent, will a democracy
function well.

means that

A democracy will function well only if the electorate is moral and intelligent.

D does well only if E is M and I

then

If D does well, then E is M and I

then

If E is NOT M and I, then D does NOT do well.
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1473
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
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Re: LR FROM LSAT 4 [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2006, 12:39
stolyar wrote:
Only if the electorate is moral and intelligent, will a democracy
function well.

Which one of the following can be logically inferred from the
claim above?

(A) If the electorate is moral and intelligent, then a democracy
will function well.
(B) Either a democracy does not function well or else the
electorate is not moral or not intelligent.
(C) If the electorate is not moral or not intelligent, then a
democracy will not function well.
(D) If a democracy does not function well, then the electorate is
not moral or not intelligent.
(E) It cannot, at the same time, be true that the electorate is
moral and intelligent and that a democracy will not function
well.

Stolyar - I was going thru these old CR's and have a question on this one.

Why is E not correct?
Director
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15 Aug 2006, 12:49
C it is.

E cannot be true. This argument is of the type 'If <cause>, then <possible effect>'. Problem with E is that it tries to modify the argument into 'If <cause>, then <effect> and vice versa' which is wrong...
_________________

Uh uh. I know what you're thinking. "Is the answer A, B, C, D or E?" Well to tell you the truth in all this excitement I kinda lost track myself. But you've gotta ask yourself one question: "Do I feel lucky?" Well, do ya, punk?

VP
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15 Aug 2006, 12:53
C it is.

E cannot be true. This argument is of the type 'If <cause>, then <possible effect>'. Problem with E is that it tries to modify the argument into 'If <cause>, then <effect> and vice versa' which is wrong...

Thanks Paddyboy.. I must go to sleep now..

Current Student
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16 Aug 2006, 04:28
Yes, both morality AND intellect are required for democracy to function well. The abscence of either would result in corruption, or even worse, chaos.

(C) stands here.
16 Aug 2006, 04:28
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