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M26-20

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Director
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Status: Gonna rock this time!!!
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M26-20 [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2013, 22:52
Hi
Sorry , I don't know how to format it correctly here, so pasting the image.

My doubt is .. If we take 5 raised to 4 as common in the denominator,
we will be left with

[5 raised to 4 ( 5 raised to 3 - 1 ) ] raised to -2.

Now this can be deduced to

5 raised to 2 * [5 raised to 3 - 1 ] raised to -2 ..

So 25 remains in the denominator .

However , if we do not take 5 raised to 4 as common in the denominator, the entire denominator can be taken above in the numerator by changing the sign of the exponent to positive 2.
In this case no 25 remains in the denominator.

I don't understand where I am going wrong . Kindly help.
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Re: M26-20 [#permalink] New post 21 Feb 2013, 10:06
There is no denominator to worry about, move the denominator to the numerator and change the sign to positive.

(3^5 - 3^2)^2 * (5^7 - 5^4)^2

Then factor

(3^2(3^3 - 1))^2 * (5^4(5^3 - 1))^2

Simplify

(9*26)^2 * (625*124)^2

E is the answer because there are only 2 factors of 13 in the above expression and E has 4.
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Re: M26-20 [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2013, 00:54
Expert's post
OE is below:
If y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}, then y is NOT divisible by which of the following?
A. 6^4
B. 62^2
C. 65^2
D. 15^4
E. 52^4


y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}=(3^5-3^2)^2*(5^7-5^4)^2=3^4*(3^3-1)^2*5^8*(5^3-1)^2=3^4*26^2*5^8*124^2=2^6*3^4*5^8*13^2*31^2.

Now, if you analyze each option you'll see that only 52^4=2^8*13^4 is not a factor of y, since the power of 13 in it is higher than the power of 13 in y.

Answer: E.
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Re: M26-20 [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2013, 01:16
If we observe the expression, it can be deduced to:

y= 〖3^2 (26)(5^4 (124))〗^2

Now let us eliminate options:

A: 6^4 can be eliminated as we have four 3s and four 2s
B: 62^2 can be eliminated as we have 124^2
C: 65^2 can be eliminated as we have 26^2 and 5^4
D: 15^4 can easily be eliminated
E: 52^4 cannot be eliminated as we do not have enough factors of 2

Hence answer is E
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Re: M26-20 [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2013, 22:08
Bunuel wrote:
OE is below:
If y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}, then y is NOT divisible by which of the following?
A. 6^4
B. 62^2
C. 65^2
D. 15^4
E. 52^4


y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}=(3^5-3^2)^2*(5^7-5^4)^2=3^4*(3^3-1)^2*5^8*(5^3-1)^2=3^4*26^2*5^8*124^2=2^6*3^4*5^8*13^2*31^2.

Now, if you analyze each option you'll see that only 52^4=2^8*13^4 is not a factor of y, since the power of 13 in it is higher than the power of 13 in y.

Answer: E.


Hi Brunel, How do you get 3^4(3^3-1)^2 from (3^5-3^2)^2?
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Re: M26-20 [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2013, 07:25
Expert's post
mp2469 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
OE is below:
If y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}, then y is NOT divisible by which of the following?
A. 6^4
B. 62^2
C. 65^2
D. 15^4
E. 52^4


y=\frac{(3^5-3^2)^2}{(5^7-5^4)^{-2}}=(3^5-3^2)^2*(5^7-5^4)^2=3^4*(3^3-1)^2*5^8*(5^3-1)^2=3^4*26^2*5^8*124^2=2^6*3^4*5^8*13^2*31^2.

Now, if you analyze each option you'll see that only 52^4=2^8*13^4 is not a factor of y, since the power of 13 in it is higher than the power of 13 in y.

Answer: E.


Hi Brunel, How do you get 3^4(3^3-1)^2 from (3^5-3^2)^2?


Factor out 3^2 from (3^5-3^2)^2: (3^2(3^3-1))^2=3^4(3^3-1)^2.

Hope it's clear.
_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: M26-20   [#permalink] 31 Mar 2013, 07:25
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