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I am working through Manhattan GMAT's RC guide and on page 53 of the 4th edition guide they have the point of the second short passage as, "18th/19th c. British rejection of cruelty to animals ... " then they have two factors listed with the point. How would you know to include both of the factors in the point as the official MGMAT answer does? When I found the point my answer was essentially the first sentence of the first paragraph. I have been trying to figure out how they got their answer. I have gone through the previous pages, but apparently I am missing something since there logic is escaping me.
Thanks for your help!
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The Passage : (Reference - Official Guide - No. 7- Reading Comprehension)
Passage: Animal Treatment
Over the course of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, educated Britons came to embrace the notion that animals must be treated humanely. By 1822 Parliament had outlawed certain forms of cruelty to domestic animals, and by 1824 reformers had founded the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
This growth in humane feelings was part of a broader embrace of compassionate ideals. One of the great movements of the age was abolitionism, but there were many other such causes. In 1785 a Society for the Relief of Persons Imprisoned for Small Sums persuaded Parliament to limit that archaic punishment. There was also a Society for Bettering the Condition of the Poor, founded in 1796. A Philanthropic Society founded in 1788 provided for abandoned children. Charity schools, schools of midwifery, and hospitals for the poor were being endowed. This growth in concern for human suffering encouraged reformers to reject animal suffering as well.
Industrialization and the growth of towns also contributed to the increase in concern for animals. The people who protested against cruelty to animals tended to be city folk who thought of animals as pets rather than as livestock. It was not just animals, but all of nature, that came to be seen differently as Britain industrialized. Nature was no longer a menacing force that had to be subdued, for society's "victory" over wilderness was conspicuous everywhere. A new sensibility, which viewed animals and wild nature as things to be respected and preserved, replaced the old adversarial relationship. Indeed, animals were to some extent romanticized as emblems of a bucolic, pre-industrial age.
Questions - 6. What is the Point of this passage? Justify your choice.
Answer (As per Book) 6. The Point here is complicated; it needs to be synthesized from the main ideas of the second and third paragraphs, together with some background from the first paragraph. The main message of the author can be written thus:
18th/19th c. British rejection o f cruelty to animals stems from two factors: (1) broader embrace of compassion and (2) romanticization of nature by city dwellers.
Thus, you need to note on your Headline list that both factors are part of the Point.
Kindly explain why "Point" has to include the 2 Factors, as mentioned in the Answer by the Book.