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Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighter

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Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighter [#permalink] New post 16 Sep 2013, 22:49
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

89% (01:53) correct 11% (01:06) wrong based on 223 sessions
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 1
Page: 116
Difficulty:


Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the argument below?
Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighters child-resistant by equipping them with safety levers. But this change is unlikely to result in a significant reduction in the number of fi res caused by children playing with lighters, because children given the opportunity can figure out how to work the safety levers and ………..

(A) the addition of the safety levers has made lighters more expensive than they were before the requirement was instituted
(B) adults are more likely to leave child-resistant lighters than non-child-resistant lighters in places that are accessible to children
(C) many of the fi res started by young children are quickly detected and extinguished by their parents
(D) unlike child-resistant lighters, lighters that are not child-resistant can be operated by children as young as two years old
(E) approximately 5,000 fi res per year have been attributed to children playing with lighters before the safety levers were required

What is the stratregy for solving such question types.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by dentobizz on 21 Oct 2013, 20:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighter [#permalink] New post 17 Sep 2013, 14:00
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honchos wrote:
Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the argument below?
Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighters child-resistant by equipping them with safety levers. But this change is unlikely to result in a significant reduction in the number of fires caused by children playing with lighters, because children given the opportunity can figure out how to work the safety levers and ………..

(A) the addition of the safety levers has made lighters more expensive than they were before the requirement was instituted
(B) adults are more likely to leave child-resistant lighters than non-child-resistant lighters in places that are accessible to children
(C) many of the fi res started by young children are quickly detected and extinguished by their parents
(D) unlike child-resistant lighters, lighters that are not child-resistant can be operated by children as young as two years old
(E) approximately 5,000 fires per year have been attributed to children playing with lighters before the safety levers were required

What is the stratregy for solving such question types.

Dear honchos,

I'm happy to help with this. :-)

First of all, here's a blog article on this question type:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-logic ... -argument/

There's not really a quick-fix strategy for these, other than critical thinking and careful reading. One thing that helps is paying attention to all the "logic" words of the argument: "therefore", "since", "because", "although", etc.

Here' the last, incomplete sentence of that argument:
But this change is unlikely to result in a significant reduction in the number of fires caused by children playing with lighters, because children given the opportunity can figure out how to work the safety levers and ………..
I've highlighted the "logic" words. The initial "but" indicates a sharp contrast with the previous sentence, and this is consistent with content. First sentence --- manufacturers try to solve a problem by introducing safety levers --- then contrast --- BUT, this doesn't solve the problem.

Then we get the "because", and then reason #1, and then the word "and", which indicates we need another, parallel reason --- that is to say, another reason why introducing safety levers to lighters will NOT solve the problem of children playing with them & starting fires. Which answer choice could be another reason why introducing the safety levers will not solve the problem of kids playing with fire & burning houses down?
(A) economic, irrelevant
(B) this could be an additional reason, that would work well with reason #1
(C) has nothing to do with the introduction of safety levers
(D) the opposite of what we want, something that makes the lighters with safety levers more safe
(E) data from before safety levers were introduced, irrelevant

Pay attention to logic words always in GMAT CR. These subtle "signposts" make all the different in the flow of the argument, and in "complete the argument" CR questions, they are absolutely crucial for identifying precisely what you need in the blank.

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighter [#permalink] New post 17 Sep 2013, 14:46
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This is not a 700 level question, considering the fact that it is the first one of the 13th OG

Only B is related to the argument and provide a logical conclusion

Parents leave the new lighter in places that are fewer safe than the previous lighter version because they are assured that children do not touch them, but instead children do
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Re: Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighter [#permalink] New post 17 Sep 2013, 14:48
Expert's post
mikemcgarry wrote:
honchos wrote:
Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the argument below?
Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighters child-resistant by equipping them with safety levers. But this change is unlikely to result in a significant reduction in the number of fires caused by children playing with lighters, because children given the opportunity can figure out how to work the safety levers and ………..

(A) the addition of the safety levers has made lighters more expensive than they were before the requirement was instituted
(B) adults are more likely to leave child-resistant lighters than non-child-resistant lighters in places that are accessible to children
(C) many of the fi res started by young children are quickly detected and extinguished by their parents
(D) unlike child-resistant lighters, lighters that are not child-resistant can be operated by children as young as two years old
(E) approximately 5,000 fires per year have been attributed to children playing with lighters before the safety levers were required

What is the stratregy for solving such question types.

Dear honchos,

I'm happy to help with this. :-)

First of all, here's a blog article on this question type:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-logic ... -argument/

There's not really a quick-fix strategy for these, other than critical thinking and careful reading. One thing that helps is paying attention to all the "logic" words of the argument: "therefore", "since", "because", "although", etc.

Here' the last, incomplete sentence of that argument:
But this change is unlikely to result in a significant reduction in the number of fires caused by children playing with lighters, because children given the opportunity can figure out how to work the safety levers and ………..
I've highlighted the "logic" words. The initial "but" indicates a sharp contrast with the previous sentence, and this is consistent with content. First sentence --- manufacturers try to solve a problem by introducing safety levers --- then contrast --- BUT, this doesn't solve the problem.

Then we get the "because", and then reason #1, and then the word "and", which indicates we need another, parallel reason --- that is to say, another reason why introducing safety levers to lighters will NOT solve the problem of children playing with them & starting fires. Which answer choice could be another reason why introducing the safety levers will not solve the problem of kids playing with fire & burning houses down?
(A) economic, irrelevant
(B) this could be an additional reason, that would work well with reason #1
(C) has nothing to do with the introduction of safety levers
(D) the opposite of what we want, something that makes the lighters with safety levers more safe
(E) data from before safety levers were introduced, irrelevant

Pay attention to logic words always in GMAT CR. These subtle "signposts" make all the different in the flow of the argument, and in "complete the argument" CR questions, they are absolutely crucial for identifying precisely what you need in the blank.

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)


It is a long time I do not do simil.ar reasoning for a question. Maybe because my mind goes in auto mode :D
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COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS
Quant: 1. Bunuel Signature Collection - The Next Generation 2. Bunuel Signature Collection ALL-IN-ONE WITH SOLUTIONS 3. Veritas Prep Blog PDF Version
Verbal:1. Best EXTERNAL resources to tackle the GMAT Verbal Section 2. e-GMAT's ALL CR topics-Consolidated 3. New Critical Reasoning question bank by carcass 4. Meaning/Clarity SC Question Bank by Carcass_Souvik 5. e-GMAT's ALL SC topics-Consolidated-2nd Edition 6. The best reading to improve Reading Comprehension 7.Verbal question bank and Directories

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 526
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Leadership
Schools: HBS '16
GMAT Date: 11-30-2013
GPA: 3.3
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 246

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Re: Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighter [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2013, 01:26
mikemcgarry wrote:
honchos wrote:
Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the argument below?
Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighters child-resistant by equipping them with safety levers. But this change is unlikely to result in a significant reduction in the number of fires caused by children playing with lighters, because children given the opportunity can figure out how to work the safety levers and ………..

(A) the addition of the safety levers has made lighters more expensive than they were before the requirement was instituted
(B) adults are more likely to leave child-resistant lighters than non-child-resistant lighters in places that are accessible to children
(C) many of the fi res started by young children are quickly detected and extinguished by their parents
(D) unlike child-resistant lighters, lighters that are not child-resistant can be operated by children as young as two years old
(E) approximately 5,000 fires per year have been attributed to children playing with lighters before the safety levers were required

What is the stratregy for solving such question types.

Dear honchos,

I'm happy to help with this. :-)

First of all, here's a blog article on this question type:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-logic ... -argument/

There's not really a quick-fix strategy for these, other than critical thinking and careful reading. One thing that helps is paying attention to all the "logic" words of the argument: "therefore", "since", "because", "although", etc.

Here' the last, incomplete sentence of that argument:
But this change is unlikely to result in a significant reduction in the number of fires caused by children playing with lighters, because children given the opportunity can figure out how to work the safety levers and ………..
I've highlighted the "logic" words. The initial "but" indicates a sharp contrast with the previous sentence, and this is consistent with content. First sentence --- manufacturers try to solve a problem by introducing safety levers --- then contrast --- BUT, this doesn't solve the problem.

Then we get the "because", and then reason #1, and then the word "and", which indicates we need another, parallel reason --- that is to say, another reason why introducing safety levers to lighters will NOT solve the problem of children playing with them & starting fires. Which answer choice could be another reason why introducing the safety levers will not solve the problem of kids playing with fire & burning houses down?
(A) economic, irrelevant
(B) this could be an additional reason, that would work well with reason #1
(C) has nothing to do with the introduction of safety levers
(D) the opposite of what we want, something that makes the lighters with safety levers more safe
(E) data from before safety levers were introduced, irrelevant

Pay attention to logic words always in GMAT CR. These subtle "signposts" make all the different in the flow of the argument, and in "complete the argument" CR questions, they are absolutely crucial for identifying precisely what you need in the blank.

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)



Thanks Mike, Bunuel, You and Karishma(From Veritas) has made Gmatclub.com into heaven for Gmat preparation. It is always encouraging when you guys immediately respond to personal requests, actually i was able to get to the correct answer, but your explanation has helped me to visualize the problem with a different perspective.
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Re: Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighter [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2013, 10:04
Expert's post
This question is asking for an additional reason why the safety levers are unlikely to result in a reduction of the fires caused by children. The argument already provides one reason - that the children can figure out the safety levers so now we need to make it more likely that they will be able to start fires. Answer choice B says that not only will they be able to work the lighters but also will have access to the lighters - therefore the safety levers will make little difference in the number of fires.
Answer A only talks about expense which does not relate to the likelihood of fires
Answer C does not address stopping children from starting fires, only that the fires can be quickly extinguished
Answer D actually goes opposite of the argument, showing that there could be a reduction because children under 2 could not start fires.
Answer E only tells us the number of fires, does not discuss whether children will be able to start the fires.

honchos wrote:
Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the argument below?
Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighters child-resistant by equipping them with safety levers. But this change is unlikely to result in a significant reduction in the number of fi res caused by children playing with lighters, because children given the opportunity can figure out how to work the safety levers and ………..

(A) the addition of the safety levers has made lighters more expensive than they were before the requirement was instituted
(B) adults are more likely to leave child-resistant lighters than non-child-resistant lighters in places that are accessible to children
(C) many of the fi res started by young children are quickly detected and extinguished by their parents
(D) unlike child-resistant lighters, lighters that are not child-resistant can be operated by children as young as two years old
(E) approximately 5,000 fi res per year have been attributed to children playing with lighters before the safety levers were required

What is the stratregy for solving such question types.

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Re: Manufacturers are now required to make all cigarette lighter   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2013, 10:04
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