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Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som

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Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2013, 10:37
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Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only some strains of the targeted virus. If only some strains of a targeted virus are killed by a given medication, there is a danger that, through random mutation or the emergence of other strains from natural reservoirs, resistant strains will Gradually Dominate Those Vulnerable to Medication. Continually If the Antiviral medications are administered, for Example to humans or cattle, there is a significant Risk that existing medications will Grow ineffective, doctors with no remedies for Leaving These diseases. The Conclusion of the argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A The Same medicines are administered to both humans and cattle.
B New medical Developments will Not Effectively kill previously resistant strains.
C Existing viruses will mutate to form resistant strains where none had Existed before.
D Viruses cause diseases More than Other Forms of Infection, Such as Bacteria, prions, and Molds.
E Biotechnology and Drug companies will work to Develop new medications that attack resistant viral strains
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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wastedyouth wrote:
Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only some strains of the targeted virus. If only some strains of a targeted virus are killed by a given medication, there is a danger that, through random mutation or the emergence of other strains from natural reservoirs, resistant strains will Gradually Dominate Those Vulnerable to Medication. Continually If the Antiviral medications are administered, for Example to humans or cattle, there is a significant Risk that existing medications will Grow ineffective, doctors with no remedies for Leaving These diseases. The Conclusion of the argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?



Hello my friend, I believe that either you copied the text of the argument incorrectly or you are testing our sentence correction skills.

Anyways the following argument would make much more sense, please edit your post and paste this:

Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only some strains of the targeted virus. If only some strains of a targeted virus are killed by a given medication, there is a danger that, through random mutation or the emergence of other strains from natural reservoirs, resistant strains will gradually dominate those vulnerable to medication. If the antiviral medications are continually administered, for example to humans or cattle, there is a significant risk that existing medications will grow ineffective, leaving doctors with no remedies for these diseases.


Let's get to the answer: The conclusion is , as always, the key to the correct answer.

A The same medicines are administered to both humans and cattle.
-we don't care about this at all.

B New medical developments will not effectively kill previously resistant strains.
- there we go this is the correct answer, if new medical developments would kill previously resistant strains then doctors have a remedy. The argument falls.

C Existing viruses will mutate to form resistant strains where none had existed before.
- we don't care what viruses do.

D Viruses cause more diseases than other forms of infection, such as bacteria, prions, and molds.
- totally irrelevant.

E Biotechnology and drug companies will work to develop new medications that attack resistant viral strains.
- The author doesn't assume that, he says that doctors won't have a remedy for resistant viral strains.

The answer is B.
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Re: Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2013, 10:54
gmat6nplus1 wrote:
wastedyouth wrote:
Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only some strains of the targeted virus. If only some strains of a targeted virus are killed by a given medication, there is a danger that, through random mutation or the emergence of other strains from natural reservoirs, resistant strains will Gradually Dominate Those Vulnerable to Medication. Continually If the Antiviral medications are administered, for Example to humans or cattle, there is a significant Risk that existing medications will Grow ineffective, doctors with no remedies for Leaving These diseases. The Conclusion of the argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?



Hello my friend, I believe that either you copied the text of the argument incorrectly or you are testing our sentence correction skills.

Anyways the following argument would make much more sense, please edit your post and paste this:

Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only some strains of the targeted virus. If only some strains of a targeted virus are killed by a given medication, there is a danger that, through random mutation or the emergence of other strains from natural reservoirs, resistant strains will gradually dominate those vulnerable to medication. If the antiviral medications are continually administered, for example to humans or cattle, there is a significant risk that existing medications will grow ineffective, leaving doctors with no remedies for these diseases.


Let's get to the answer: The conclusion is , as always, the key to the correct answer.

A The same medicines are administered to both humans and cattle.
-we don't care about this at all.

B New medical developments will not effectively kill previously resistant strains.
- there we go this is the correct answer, if new medical developments would kill previously resistant strains then doctors have a remedy. The argument falls.

C Existing viruses will mutate to form resistant strains where none had existed before.
- we don't care what viruses do.

D Viruses cause more diseases than other forms of infection, such as bacteria, prions, and molds.
- totally irrelevant.

E Biotechnology and drug companies will work to develop new medications that attack resistant viral strains.
- The author doesn't assume that, he says that doctors won't have a remedy for resistant viral strains.

The answer is B.


my mistake ...copied incorrectly
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Re: Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2014, 06:43
wastedyouth wrote:
gmat6nplus1 wrote:
wastedyouth wrote:
Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only some strains of the targeted virus. If only some strains of a targeted virus are killed by a given medication, there is a danger that, through random mutation or the emergence of other strains from natural reservoirs, resistant strains will Gradually Dominate Those Vulnerable to Medication. Continually If the Antiviral medications are administered, for Example to humans or cattle, there is a significant Risk that existing medications will Grow ineffective, doctors with no remedies for Leaving These diseases. The Conclusion of the argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?



Hello my friend, I believe that either you copied the text of the argument incorrectly or you are testing our sentence correction skills.

Anyways the following argument would make much more sense, please edit your post and paste this:

Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only some strains of the targeted virus. If only some strains of a targeted virus are killed by a given medication, there is a danger that, through random mutation or the emergence of other strains from natural reservoirs, resistant strains will gradually dominate those vulnerable to medication. If the antiviral medications are continually administered, for example to humans or cattle, there is a significant risk that existing medications will grow ineffective, leaving doctors with no remedies for these diseases.


Let's get to the answer: The conclusion is , as always, the key to the correct answer.

A The same medicines are administered to both humans and cattle.
-we don't care about this at all.

B New medical developments will not effectively kill previously resistant strains.
- there we go this is the correct answer, if new medical developments would kill previously resistant strains then doctors have a remedy. The argument falls.

C Existing viruses will mutate to form resistant strains where none had existed before.
- we don't care what viruses do.

D Viruses cause more diseases than other forms of infection, such as bacteria, prions, and molds.
- totally irrelevant.

E Biotechnology and drug companies will work to develop new medications that attack resistant viral strains.
- The author doesn't assume that, he says that doctors won't have a remedy for resistant viral strains.

The answer is B.


my mistake ...copied incorrectly



Please correct the original question (first post).
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Re: Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2014, 11:42
wastedyouth wrote:
Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only some strains of the targeted virus. If only some strains of a targeted virus are killed by a given medication, there is a danger that, through random mutation or the emergence of other strains from natural reservoirs, resistant strains will Gradually Dominate Those Vulnerable to Medication. Continually If the Antiviral medications are administered, for Example to humans or cattle, there is a significant Risk that existing medications will Grow ineffective, doctors with no remedies for Leaving These diseases.


Antiviral Medication -Ineffective killing certain Virus.

If some strains are killed , there is danger that mutation of other strains might create resistant strains to those medication.

If those medications are continually administered there is a risk leaving those medications ineffective with no remedies left...

The Conclusion of the argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A The Same medicines are administered to both humans and cattle.

Not at all stated , the passage claims -

" ..... for Example to humans or cattle.... "

B New medical Developments will Not Effectively kill previously resistant strains.

Looks good....

C Existing viruses will mutate to form resistant strains where none had Existed before.

Not true..

D Viruses cause diseases More than Other Forms of Infection, Such as Bacteria, prions, and Molds.

Out of scope..

E Biotechnology and Drug companies will work to Develop new medications that attack resistant viral strains

Out of scope..
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Re: Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2014, 23:08
wastedyouth wrote:
Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only some strains of the targeted virus. If only some strains of a targeted virus are killed by a given medication, there is a danger that, through random mutation or the emergence of other strains from natural reservoirs, resistant strains will Gradually Dominate Those Vulnerable to Medication. Continually If the Antiviral medications are administered, for Example to humans or cattle, there is a significant Risk that existing medications will Grow ineffective, doctors with no remedies for Leaving These diseases. The Conclusion of the argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A The Same medicines are administered to both humans and cattle.
B New medical Developments will Not Effectively kill previously resistant strains.
C Existing viruses will mutate to form resistant strains where none had Existed before.
D Viruses cause diseases More than Other Forms of Infection, Such as Bacteria, prions, and Molds.
E Biotechnology and Drug companies will work to Develop new medications that attack resistant viral strains


The Conclusion is : " Continually If the Antiviral medications are administered, for Example to humans or cattle, there is a significant Risk that existing medications will Grow ineffective, doctors with no remedies for Leaving These diseases"

I think option B is out of scope. The argument never talks about the New Medicine
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Re: Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2014, 07:01
PREMISE- SINCE THE existing medications will Grow ineffective
CONCLUSION- Hence doctors will have no remedies for Leaving These diseases.

the conclusion predicts... note "will"......in conclusion......
only "B" matches........

B. New medical Developments will Not Effectively kill previously resistant strains.correct


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Re: Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2014, 04:36
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semwal wrote:
PREMISE- SINCE THE existing medications will Grow ineffective
CONCLUSION- Hence doctors will have no remedies for Leaving These diseases.

the conclusion predicts... note "will"......in conclusion......
only "B" matches........

B. New medical Developments will Not Effectively kill previously resistant strains.correct


kudos if you please.....


I still don't agree with your explanation as

SINCE THE existing medications will Grow ineffective, hence doctors will have no remedies for Leaving These diseases.

The conclusion itself states that existing medicine. Why should we even consider the new medicine.
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Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2015, 09:32
Alright! I was unable to understand the introduction of new medicines into this context for a while. But I think I understand now.

The argument says - "there is a significant risk that existing medications will grow ineffective , leaving doctors with no remedies for these diseases."
So basically, it implies that the existing medication will turn out to be ineffective CAUSING doctors to have no remedies for these diseases. In other words, doctors will never be able to find a remedy to these diseases. As in NEVER in the future. Assumption --> No new meds can fix this.

B goes inline to this assumption, and is the correct answer.

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Re: Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2015, 05:57
Hi,

Can someone tell me what the highlighted part in C means?

C. Existing viruses will mutate to form resistant strains where none had Existed before.
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Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2016, 01:52
gmat6nplus1
Well I cannot agree with B
Conclusion is :
Quote:
existing medications will Grow ineffective, doctors with no remedies for Leaving These diseases.


it mentions about existing medicines only. That does not mean that in future there wont be any medicine to treat against the virus.

B. New medical Developments will Not Effectively kill previously resistant strains.

As per B,new medical developments is a future aspect where as conclusion is talking about the present. So if we have to support the
conclusion we have to have an assumption from present tense.

If we negate B . New medical developments will effectively kill previously resistant strains., still conclusion does not fall apart.

Those who have any counter argument please comment.
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Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2016, 02:38
The conclusion states that doctors will have no remedies for treating these diseases. The premise states that the existing medicines will grow ineffective. Hence the author assumes that the use of the existing medicines is the only means to treat the diseases. "C" states a consequence but is not a necessary assumption. Assumption is the unstated fact which leads to the conclusion. If we reverse answer choice "B" that new medical developments will effectively kill previously resistant strains then it goes against the conclusion. Hence that is the answer.
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Many antiviral medications are effective at killing only som   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2016, 02:38
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