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Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a

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05 Aug 2012, 15:22
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Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

(A) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply

(B) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing and to apply

(C) programs; that enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, to apply

(D) programs, which enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, applying

(E) programs, which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing, applying
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05 Aug 2012, 18:34
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Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later

This original sentence is almost correctly written except its bit wordy on the portion "to be able to move into".I am yet to find out any answer by GMAC,that uses "to be able to" in a correct option.

(A) wordy as explained above.
(B)correct.removes the wordy portion
(C)semicolon is not needed.Apart from that it has S-V agreement problem.It should be "that enable" instead of "that enables"
(D)S-V agreement problem as explained in option (C)
(E)wordy same problem as the original question.
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05 Aug 2012, 19:33
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betterscore wrote:
Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

(A) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply

(B) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing and to apply

(C) programs; that enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, to apply

(D) programs, which enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, applying

(E) programs, which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing, applying

This is the problem of paralleism. like: to X and to Y
'A' - To be able is wordy and not making sense over here.
'B' - Perfect
'C' - semicolon unnecessary and parallelism is not there.
'D' & 'E' - "That" is required. As per rule use "Which" when information needs to be followed of main clause is not very important. and Opposite for "That".
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06 Aug 2012, 20:01
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gmatcallow wrote:
Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later

This original sentence is almost correctly written except its bit wordy on the portion "to be able to move into".I am yet to find out any answer by GMAC,that uses "to be able to" in a correct option.

(A) wordy as explained above.
(B)correct.removes the wordy portion
(C)semicolon is not needed.Apart from that it has S-V agreement problem.It should be "that enable" instead of "that enables"
(D)S-V agreement problem as explained in option (C)
(E)wordy same problem as the original question.

With option A and E the problem is not that they are wordy the problem is parallelism & modifier error.
A : to be able to move into ...... to apply part of .........
E : .. the part after which separated with a coma is an non essential modifier, remove it and the sentence left doesn't make sense..... which it should in case of non essential modifiers.
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07 Aug 2012, 02:31
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Another problem with A, what I see is that "to be able" is redundant when we are already talking about "enable a family with insufficient savings ...."
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07 Aug 2012, 02:44
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Many house builders offer rent-to-buyprograms that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down paymentto be able to move into new housingand to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

thus the reduced stem stands to be : House Builders offer programms THAT enable a family to be able to move...............AND...........to apply.

Verytical scan Reveals only A & B fits this :

A : Enable a family...............To be able to move into a new housing ( To be able = unnecessary = thus Eliminated )

B : Enable a family.................To move into a new housing ( perfect = maintains parallelism : TO move..............AND.................TO apply )

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08 Aug 2012, 16:21
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The subject, rent-to-buy programs is plural. Therefore, the verb is 'enable.' Eliminate (C) and (D).

Enable Noun TO VERB A an TO VERB B is succinct. Eliminate (A) and (E) for wordiness 'to be able to VERB A'.

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08 Jan 2013, 08:20
Hi!

According to the OG, for answer A, "to apply" is not logically parallel to "to move". Can anyone shed some light on tt? Aren't both applying and moving verbs/ actions, making them parallel logically?

Moreover, it says Option C is grammatical. How is that so? Isn't "to apply part of the rent to a purchase later" a fragment since it is not joined to the earlier part of the sentence by "and"?

Thanks!
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06 Jan 2014, 01:22
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Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

(A) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply

(B) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing and to apply

(C) programs; that enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, to apply

(D) programs, which enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, applying

(E) programs, which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing, applying

Note that we only have two parallels here: "..to move.. to apply". The portion that comes after the underlined portion simply modifies "apply", don't get confused by the addition of "TO a purchase", this does not indicate that this is part of the parallel. Even at that, if purchase was parallel, then it would already be preceded by "and". It's not preceded by and, so that indicates that we have two parallels, not three. Thus, we only need "and" between the parallels

A) "programs that enable a family... to be able to move.. and to apply part of the rent..." is parallel, but the bolded portion is somewhat superfluous and distorts the meaning of the author. These programs do not unlock the ability to move, families have the actual ability to move even prior to the program. The addition of the infinitive "to be able" distorts the intended meaning

B) The only difference between A and B is that B omits "to be able". Much more concise and does not distort the intended meaning

C) subject verb agreement is violated (programs.. enables), also the semicolon creates a fragment. The parallel is 100% correct, but C is wrong for the aforementioned reasons.

D) subject verb error, (programs.. enables), and the parallel is erroneous because we have a present participle that is not in accordance with the infinitive "to move". D is wrong

E) the comma is weird, the "which" creates a inessential clause but the information we are given IS essential, it specifies something crucial about these programs, thus we need "that" instead of "which". Also, the parallelism is violated since we have the infinitive to move and the present participle applying.

So, B is correct!
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24 May 2014, 14:17
betterscore wrote:
Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

(A) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply

(B) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing and to apply

(C) programs; that enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, to apply

(D) programs, which enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, applying

(E) programs, which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing, applying

It is easy to boil it down to B & E..

E has redundancy issues with repetition of "be able to" and " , which " issue
For people interested in how the -ing part works here(I am one of these few)...
ing modifies the complete action as it is following the clause "which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing"..So it does makes sense to say that 'applying' is a correct usage of -ing modifier here as it is telling us something more about the previous clause..a valid usage
But there is also an additional premise to be fulfilled..the subject should also make sense with the ing modifier..
Here the subject is "which" i.e rent to buy programs..Here it is the program payment structure that is applying part of the rent payment to purchase payment.It is also a plausible meaning and is grammatically correct...
Although this modifies the intended meaning i.e Person applies for a part of the rent to be converted into purchase...I am concerned with the grammatical validity of the option E

Experts please comment on my thinking
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24 May 2014, 17:02
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JusTLucK04 wrote:
betterscore wrote:
Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

(A) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply

(B) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing and to apply

(C) programs; that enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, to apply

(D) programs, which enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, applying

(E) programs, which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing, applying

It is easy to boil it down to B & E..

E has redundancy issues with repetition of "be able to" and " , which " issue
For people interested in how the -ing part works here(I am one of these few)...
ing modifies the complete action as it is following the clause "which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing"..So it does makes sense to say that 'applying' is a correct usage of -ing modifier here as it is telling us something more about the previous clause..a valid usage
But there is also an additional premise to be fulfilled..the subject should also make sense with the ing modifier..
Here the subject is "which" i.e rent to buy programs..Here it is the program payment structure that is applying part of the rent payment to purchase payment.It is also a plausible meaning and is grammatically correct...
Although this modifies the intended meaning i.e Person applies for a part of the rent to be converted into purchase...I am concerned with the grammatical validity of the option E

Experts please comment on my thinking

Dear JusTLucK04
I'm happy to respond.

My friend, if you are going to ask questions about grammar, please learn the correct terminology. Referring to this structure as the "-ing part" is tantamount to saying that you have no intention of seriously understanding the grammar involved. The philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein said, "You can enter no world for which you do not have the language." If you ignore and neglect the technical grammatical vocabulary, you will never develop the kind of precise understanding that you need to master SC grammar.

Here, the word "applying" is a participle and begins a participial phrase, about which you can find out more here:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/participle ... -the-gmat/

The participle can modify the action of the clause if the action of the clause could be construed as the subject. Here, the use of the participle is incorrect, because the people who performed the action are the "families", but the placement of the participle doesn't clearly indicate them. Furthermore, the prompt indicates that the "applying" is something the "rent-to-buy program" enabled the families to do, and this connotation is lost in (E).

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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24 May 2014, 23:15
mikemcgarry wrote:
JusTLucK04 wrote:
betterscore wrote:
Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

(A) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply

(B) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing and to apply

(C) programs; that enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, to apply

(D) programs, which enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, applying

(E) programs, which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing, applying

It is easy to boil it down to B & E..

E has redundancy issues with repetition of "be able to" and " , which " issue
For people interested in how the -ing part works here(I am one of these few)...
ing modifies the complete action as it is following the clause "which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing"..So it does makes sense to say that 'applying' is a correct usage of -ing modifier here as it is telling us something more about the previous clause..a valid usage
But there is also an additional premise to be fulfilled..the subject should also make sense with the ing modifier..
Here the subject is "which" i.e rent to buy programs..Here it is the program payment structure that is applying part of the rent payment to purchase payment.It is also a plausible meaning and is grammatically correct...
Although this modifies the intended meaning i.e Person applies for a part of the rent to be converted into purchase...I am concerned with the grammatical validity of the option E

Experts please comment on my thinking

Dear JusTLucK04
I'm happy to respond.

My friend, if you are going to ask questions about grammar, please learn the correct terminology. Referring to this structure as the "-ing part" is tantamount to saying that you have no intention of seriously understanding the grammar involved. The philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein said, "You can enter no world for which you do not have the language." If you ignore and neglect the technical grammatical vocabulary, you will never develop the kind of precise understanding that you need to master SC grammar.

Here, the word "applying" is a participle and begins a participial phrase, about which you can find out more here:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/participle ... -the-gmat/

The participle can modify the action of the clause if the action of the clause could be construed as the subject. Here, the use of the participle is incorrect, because the people who performed the action are the "families", but the placement of the participle doesn't clearly indicate them. Furthermore, the prompt indicates that the "applying" is something the "rent-to-buy program" enabled the families to do, and this connotation is lost in (E).

Does all this make sense?
Mike

But here-

Rent to buy programs,which enable a family with insufficient funds for a down payment to move into a new house,applying part of the rent as payment towards the house, are very popular.
Intended Meaning: The program considers 10% of the rent payment as payment for future purchase
Here the participle is not modifying the action but the subject program itself
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24 May 2014, 23:27
@JusTLucK04
programs enable a family with insufficient funds for a down payment to move into a new house, applying part of the rent as payment towards the house.

As per the test to check the valid use of -ing, participle modifier. We should check whether subject programs which are enabling the family also applying part of rent as payment ? Clearly it is family which will apply part of rent as payment. Thus, use of -ing modifier is not making sense here with subject programs.
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25 May 2014, 00:19
PiyushK wrote:
@JusTLucK04
programs enable a family with insufficient funds for a down payment to move into a new house, applying part of the rent as payment towards the house.

As per the test to check the valid use of -ing, participle modifier. We should check whether subject programs which are enabling the family also applying part of rent as payment ? Clearly it is family which will apply part of rent as payment. Thus, use of -ing modifier is not making sense here with subject programs.

Agreed...But say the meaning is not that the family is applying...I am asking an altogether separate question

In my sentence the intended meaning is that the program is designed such that it automatically applies part of the rent payment towards asset payment for the house..
..It is this way that the program achieves the enabling function
Had it been the case..Would it be correct usage of participle modifier

BTW I just happened to google it and Brain from Veritas prep shares the same views

http://www.beatthegmat.com/modifier-iss ... 87486.html
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26 May 2014, 08:00
@Mike, @JusTLucK04
CaptainM wrote:
2)Also, the OG says :for D, applying following a non restrictive clause suggest incorrectly that the Builders. and not the families, are applying the rent.

On that thread CaptainM shared above quoted query. According to OG, if we have a non restrictive clause in between then -ing modifier will jump over that non restrictive clause and modify the subject of the main clause. Do you have any idea about such rule ??
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27 May 2014, 07:40
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JusTLucK04 wrote:
betterscore wrote:
Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

(A) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply

(B) programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing and to apply

(C) programs; that enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, to apply

(D) programs, which enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, applying

(E) programs, which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing, applying

It is easy to boil it down to B & E..

E has redundancy issues with repetition of "be able to" and " , which " issue
For people interested in how the -ing part works here(I am one of these few)...
ing modifies the complete action as it is following the clause "which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing"..So it does makes sense to say that 'applying' is a correct usage of -ing modifier here as it is telling us something more about the previous clause..a valid usage
But there is also an additional premise to be fulfilled..the subject should also make sense with the ing modifier..
Here the subject is "which" i.e rent to buy programs..Here it is the program payment structure that is applying part of the rent payment to purchase payment.It is also a plausible meaning and is grammatically correct...
Although this modifies the intended meaning i.e Person applies for a part of the rent to be converted into purchase...I am concerned with the grammatical validity of the option E

Experts please comment on my thinking

Hi JusTLucK04,

You have correctly identified both the errors in option E. Also, your understanding regarding the verb-ing modifier is absolutely correct.

1. The phrase ‘to be able’ is redundant in the given sentence because of the presence of the verb ‘enable’.

2. The verb-ing modifier ‘applying’ is incorrectly used here. Since this modifier is placed after a clause and preceded by a comma it modifies the preceding clause. So, this conveys the meaning that the action of applying part of the rent to a purchase later enables the family to move into a new house. This is incorrect. The rent-to-buy programs enable a family to move into a new house.

Also, the modifier should make sense with the subject of the preceding clause. Since the modifier ‘which’ refers to ‘rent –to-buy programs’, this means that the programs apply the part of the rent to a purchase later. This is illogical since the programs cannot apply part of the rent to a purchase.

Option B does not have any of these errors and conveys the meaning clearly:

Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs
o that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment
• to move into new housing
• and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

This option clearly states that the programs enable the family to do two things:

1.) to move into new housing.
2.) To apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

Hope this helps!
Deepak
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27 May 2014, 08:22
@e-gmat:

OG-12#55
OG explanation for option D and E says "applying following a non restrictive clause suggests incorrectly that the builders, not the family, are applying the rent."

I have seen many sentence structures such as "main clause + restrictive clause, -ing modifier ..." in which participle modifier can modify either of the clause main or restrictive, depends on sentence, but I am not aware of such rule that participle modifier can jump over non restrictive clause and modify the subject of main clause. Could you please shed some light on this ?
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28 Aug 2014, 03:13
PiyushK wrote:
@e-gmat:

OG-12#55
OG explanation for option D and E says "applying following a non restrictive clause suggests incorrectly that the builders, not the family, are applying the rent."

I have seen many sentence structures such as "main clause + restrictive clause, -ing modifier ..." in which participle modifier can modify either of the clause main or restrictive, depends on sentence, but I am not aware of such rule that participle modifier can jump over non restrictive clause and modify the subject of main clause. Could you please shed some light on this ?

I'm interested in the topic. Since I'm an e-gmat student I would say that the ing modifier is modifying the restrictive clause. The OG explanation is quite imperative since it states that "in general" a ing modifier jumps to the main clause.

Can a expert be so kind to clarify this aspect?
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13 May 2015, 08:57
mike,

Can we eliminate option C because the ";" is used to separate two independent clauses.The second clause of the option, starting with that enables is not independent.

Please correct me if i am wrong.

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14 May 2015, 15:03
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kirtivardhan wrote:
mike,

Can we eliminate option C because the ";" is used to separate two independent clauses.The second clause of the option, starting with that enables is not independent.

Please correct me if i am wrong.

Regards

Dear kirtivardhan,
I'm happy to respond.

Option (C) is set up so that, on both sides of the semicolon, we DO have independent clauses.

Version (C):
Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs; that enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.
Independent clause #1:
subject = "Many house builders"
verb = "offer"
Independent clause #2:
subject = "that"
verb = "allows"

Remember, the word "that" has many different uses. In the prompt, and in many of the choices, the word "that" is a relative pronoun that introduces a subordinate clause. But the word "that" can also be a pronoun, and as such, can be the subject of an independent clause, as it is in (C). See:
https://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-sent ... s-of-that/

What you identified is not true and not the problem with (C). The problem is a pronoun problem. The word "that," used as a pronoun, must have a noun antecedent. The antecedent cannot be an action. The problem with (C) is that the word "that" refers to the entire action in the first independent clause. This is an illegal pronoun use. That's a big problem with (C). See:
https://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-pronoun-traps/

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a   [#permalink] 14 May 2015, 15:03

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