Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 27 Aug 2014, 13:06

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 418
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 64 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2008, 12:20
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American form of music. Others, however, argue that jazz is rooted in a history similar to that of America itself, a history of confluence.
The immigration of Europeans and the slave trade of West Africans to America resulted in a convergence of cultures, traditions, and art forms, including music. Jazz, first played in New Orleans in the early 1900s, borrowed heavily from the European musical scale and harmonic system. Jazz ensembles were built predominantly on European instruments, such as the trumpet, trombone, saxophone, and piano. The West African influence on jazz was manifested primarily in its performance. Scatting, a technique used by jazz vocalists to mimic the sounds of instruments, had its origin in West African vocal traditions. The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music.
Proponents of the argument that jazz is purely American often point to its genesis in New Orleans as evidence for this perspective. The irony, however, is that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is in effect denying the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.
1.Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?

(A)the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure
(B)the use of the guitar as one of the primary rhythm instruments
(C)melodic lines rooted in the dorian scale
(D)the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble
(E)an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


2.The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

(A)Although American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should be called a purely American sport because it was first played in America.
(B)Because American football was derived from the English sports of soccer and rugby, it should not be called an American sport.
(C)Most sports scholars deny the English origins of American football.
(D)What makes American football essentially American is that it was derived from the convergence of English soccer and rugby.
(E)Because the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots, American football should not be called an American sport.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


Last edited by PiyushK on 09 Jul 2014, 12:23, edited 3 times in total.
OAs were incorrect - swapped
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Mar 2008
Posts: 376
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 48 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2008, 14:38
Hope I'm not totally off on this one. I read the passage in about 30 secs. Here it is: C/A
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 10 Sep 2007
Posts: 950
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 185 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2008, 14:56
1) E (The emphasis on improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation, also came from West African music)

2) E (the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots. To deny the rich and complex history of jazz, and the true origins of the art form, is in effect denying the very aspects of the art form that make it undeniably American.)
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 May 2006
Posts: 328
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 59 [1] , given: 0

GMAT Tests User
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2008, 15:02
1
This post received
KUDOS
1. Between A and E. I will go with A, however E sounds very very close

2. Between D and E. I will go with D here.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 418
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 64 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2008, 02:25
Sorry! None of you are thoroughly correct. This RC questions require some CR skills.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 652
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 6

GMAT Tests User
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2008, 21:22
Hey contributers... this is a fine RC passage from MGMAT test. I had only one questions correct under exam condition.

Explanation for second question:
This is a general question. In order to determine with which statement the author would be most likely to agree, we must determine the author’s main point in writing the passage. A breakdown of the purpose of each paragraph will help. The first paragraph highlights two differing views concerning the roots of jazz music, the second paragraph discusses the diverse origins of jazz, and the third paragraph states the author’s view concerning the origins of jazz: namely, that jazz is truly American because it is rooted in the confluence of West African and European music. More generally, the author believes “that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots,” or that to be American is to have a diverse background.

(A) The author believes that jazz should be called an American art form, but not because it was first played in America. Furthermore, the author believes that because of its origins in Europe and West Africa, not despite these origins. The author believes “that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots.” Therefore, it is likely that the author would believe the same about American football, that it is American because of its origins, not despite these origins.

(B) The author believes that jazz should be called an American art form because of its origins in Europe and West Africa. The author believes “that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots.” Therefore, it is likely that the author would believe the same about American football, that it is American because of its origins. Thus, this choice is backward.

(C) We have no information about the beliefs of sports scholars.

(D) CORRECT. The author believes “that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots.” Therefore, it is likely that the author would believe that the diverse origins of American football make it essentially American.

(E) Because the author believes “that the essence of America lies in the plurality of its roots,” and because American football has diverse origins, the author would be likely to believe that American football should be called an American sport. Thus, this choice is backward.
_________________

If You're Not Living On The Edge, You're Taking Up Too Much Space

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 652
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 187 [0], given: 6

GMAT Tests User
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2008, 21:28
First Question IMO E.
1. Which of the following elements of jazz most likely has its origin in West African musical traditions?
the emphasis on a tonal harmonic structure -- emphasis on group participation not tonal structure
the use of the guitar as one of the primary rhythm instruments -- West African used vocal traditions - no instrument
melodic lines rooted in the dorian scale -- Dorian Scale not mentioned

the use of many instruments in a jazz ensemble -- West African used vocal traditions - no instrument

an impromptu call-and-response between two instruments in the ensemble -- emphasis on improvisation in jazz music
_________________

If You're Not Living On The Edge, You're Taking Up Too Much Space

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 418
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 64 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 23 Jul 2008, 22:46
Sorry for late post the OA!
Source: MGMAT.
OA: E and D.
Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 1226
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 64

Kudos [?]: 659 [0], given: 116

GMAT Tests User Premium Member
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2014, 23:07
Bumping for review and further discussion*.

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE
_________________

Did you find this post helpful?... Please let me know through the Kudos button.

Thanks To The Almighty - My GMAT Debrief

GMAT Reading Comprehension: 7 Most Common Passage Types

SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1627
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V39
WE: Corporate Finance (Investment Banking)
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 155 [0], given: 254

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 05 May 2014, 10:51
I think the first question should be E

Please confirm

Thanks!
Cheers
J :)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Feb 2012
Posts: 18
Concentration: Marketing, Strategy
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 7

CAT Tests
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2014, 05:55
Yes, the correct answer for 1st question is E.
This definitely is a 700-800 level question.
This is the only option that does justice to “improvisation in jazz music, in addition to group participation…came from West African music.”
Re: Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American   [#permalink] 02 Jul 2014, 05:55
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American ritula 7 02 Apr 2009, 23:37
Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American chineseburned 3 06 Apr 2008, 13:36
How many liters of pure alcohol must be added to a 100 liter tinman1412 4 26 Jul 2007, 18:47
A minidisk player is loaded with only rock, jazz, and opera gk3.14 3 16 Sep 2006, 17:52
How many liters of pure alcohol must be added to a 100-liter allabout 5 29 Dec 2005, 09:23
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Many musicologists consider jazz the only purely American

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.