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Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures

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Manager
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Kudos [?]: 164 [2] , given: 104

Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2010, 08:02
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Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

59% (02:02) correct 41% (01:18) wrong based on 22 sessions
Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures in winter will be followed by extreme temperatures in the following summer. The three New York winters with the lowest average temperature were followed by summers in which the average temperature was extremely high, yet the two hottest New York winters were also followed by summers whose average temperatures were extremely high.

Which of the following describes the greatest flaw in the author's reasoning?

-New York winters and summers are not necessarily representative of winters and summers in other locations.
-The author appeals to a previous argument that contains circular reasoning.
-The evidence presented is insufficient to decide the matter with full certainty.
-A causal relationship is being assumed without being proven.
-The evidence presented supports the claim it is intended to refute.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Ms. Big Fat Panda
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Status: Biting Nails Into Oblivion
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Kudos [?]: 1391 [0], given: 194

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Re: New york winters [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2010, 08:09
The first line of the stimulus states the conclusion: Author is saying extreme temperature in winter does NOT mean extreme temperature in summer.

Then he presents evidence that says:

Very cold winter = very hot summer (extreme = extreme)
Very hot winter = very hot summer (extreme = extreme)

This contradicts what he is saying. Now let's looking at the answer choices with this in mind:

hemanthp wrote:
Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures in winter will be followed by extreme temperatures in the following summer. The three New York winters with the lowest average temperature were followed by summers in which the average temperature was extremely high, yet the two hottest New York winters were also followed by summers whose average temperatures were extremely high.

Which of the following describes the greatest flaw in the author's reasoning?

-New York winters and summers are not necessarily representative of winters and summers in other locations. We don't care about other locations - out of scope.
-The author appeals to a previous argument that contains circular reasoning. There is no reasoning here. There is merely a stated conclusion and observations/evidence related to it.
-The evidence presented is insufficient to decide the matter with full certainty. Not really, it seems to clearly point out that the conclusion was wrong
-A causal relationship is being assumed without being proven. This doesn't say anything about causality.
-The evidence presented supports the claim it is intended to refute. This is true. The author is trying to say that extreme does not always mean extreme but in turn ends up proving the same. So correct.



On a side note: Perhaps you can add the kudos line to your signature so you don't have to post it in every note.
Manager
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Status: Keep fighting!
Affiliations: IIT Madras
Joined: 31 Jul 2010
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WE 1: 2+ years - Programming
WE 2: 3+ years - Product developement,
WE 3: 2+ years - Program management
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 164 [0], given: 104

Re: New york winters [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2010, 08:35
The signature strategy had zero success and the inline comment had moderate. NEvertheless I still do not get KUDOS :(. I don't manually write each time anyways.
Ms. Big Fat Panda
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Kudos [?]: 1391 [0], given: 194

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Re: New york winters [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2010, 08:44
Haha, like I mentioned the quality of your posts matter. I understand you'd like to get kudos, but do understand that not every user might feel inclined to do that extra second of work. Having a bold signature is enough; we just don't want users posting threads simply for the sake of getting kudos :)
Senior Manager
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Kudos [?]: 117 [0], given: 50

Re: New york winters [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2010, 09:23
hemanthp wrote:
Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures in winter will be followed by extreme temperatures in the following summer. The three New York winters with the lowest average temperature were followed by summers in which the average temperature was extremely high, yet the two hottest New York winters were also followed by summers whose average temperatures were extremely high.

Which of the following describes the greatest flaw in the author's reasoning?

-New York winters and summers are not necessarily representative of winters and summers in other locations.
-The author appeals to a previous argument that contains circular reasoning.
-The evidence presented is insufficient to decide the matter with full certainty.
-A causal relationship is being assumed without being proven.
-The evidence presented supports the claim it is intended to refute.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.


Vote for option E. I thought the key in the stimulus was the words 'falsely' and 'yet'.
Falsely would mean that the author intends to refute a claim. And yet meant a change in direction. Also 'yet' is present after a fact which intended to support the claim.
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Manager
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Joined: 25 Jul 2010
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WE 1: 4 years Software Product Development
WE 2: 3 years ERP Consulting
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Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 15

Re: New york winters [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2010, 21:36
I went for C as I assumed that extreme temperature in Winters only implied very low temperatures. But based on the explanation and OA I assume that very hot winters also means extreme temperature in Winters.
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Kudos [?]: 77 [0], given: 21

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Re: New york winters [#permalink] New post 03 Oct 2010, 07:58
Got it right.E
Re: New york winters   [#permalink] 03 Oct 2010, 07:58
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