Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India

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Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2011, 12:17
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75% (01:56) correct 25% (01:02) wrong based on 53 sessions

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Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the
Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan
grey schist.
A. empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
B. empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
C. empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
D. empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
E. empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
OA is E...
what is wrong with D and what does WERE make difference in E. PLEASE HELP ME CLEAR MY DOUBTS.

THANKS
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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19 Jan 2011, 12:47
E it is. ||lism b/w either or.
to know why D is wrong ask urself what fashioned here means? sculpted.
now D says either sculpted from... or...which is incorrect because both stones have to be sculpted. it is not like we can sculpt one stone and paint another.
so usage should be sculpted either from...or from
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25 Jan 2011, 07:11
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look for these structures and you will choose the correct answer.

images of Hindu deities in India .... date from the time ... and were fashioned

either from the spotted sandstone ... or from Gandharan grey schist

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25 Jan 2011, 08:31
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D. empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

There are at least two things wrong with D

1. The biggest error is the non-adherence to symmetricl parallelism in the second part of the two-part clause.

The first un-underlined part uses a clause with a verb ‘date from’ while the second part misses the verb and uses a phrase. It must be noted that fashioned from is not a verb but a past participle.

This malady is set right by using the verb ‘were’ in E.

Secondly, ‘either fashioned from’ is not parallel with ‘or from’ – It should be ‘fashioned either from or from’ in order to be parallel.

Looking at it differently, the question can be solved by the correctness of correlative parallelism alone, because E is the only one that depicts correlative parallelism.
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25 Jan 2011, 12:25
thanks for clearing all my doubts.
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25 Jan 2011, 16:45
D says something like 'images fashioned ...', which does not make any sense and is grammatically incorrect, whereas E says something like 'images were fashioned ...', which makes sense and is grammatically correct.
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Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2012, 07:44
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I have chosen E for the answer:

A. The use of the verb-ed modifier "fashioned" is incorrect because it seems to modify "the Kushan Empire" or maybe the noun phrase "the time of the Kushan Empire." In either case, this is incorrect because we want to modify the word "images." Also, we have parallelism issues here - "either from...or" is incorrect. It should be "either from...or from."

B. The verb-ed modifier is wrong here again because it describes "the Kushan Empire." Parallelism issues are present in this answer choice as well - "from either...or from." Although this may appear to be correct, think of the parallel phrase starting at "from." Therefore, the correct version would actually be "from either...or."

C. Again, is "fashioned" describing Empire? I'm not sure what it is supposed to modify. Again, parallelism issues are present - "either fashioned from...or" should actually be "either fashioned from...or from."

D. There are 2 sets of parallelism in this sentence. The first set is to describe the earliest known images and the second set is to describe what the images were fashioned from. This answer choice fails to maintain parallelism of the first part.

Many of the earliest know images:

- date from...
- and fashioned:

- either from...
- or from...

E. This answer choice maintains parallelism of both parts. Notice how the verb "were" and "date" are now parallel to describe the images.

Many of the earliest know images:

- date from...
- and were fashioned:

- either from...
- or from...
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Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2012, 08:25
All else later. First, we must appreciate that D is a fragment without a verb in the second arm of the compound sentence conjoined by ‘and’. ‘Either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from’ is nothing but a phrase. ‘Fashioned’ per se is a past participle in the context,

The inclusion of the verb ‘were’ in E is the amendment to this fatal error in D

Of course A, B, C suffer from classical correlative conjunction non//ism.
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Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 12:09
Between D&E..Answer should be E in my opinion.
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Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2015, 12:54
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2015, 12:54
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