Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the
Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan
A. empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
B. empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
C. empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
D. empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
E. empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
The past participle "fashioned" in A and B is a bit ambiguous in my opinion. Does it refer to the empire or the images?
Also with A: "Mathura or...Gandharan" is not parallel to "from the... of Mathura" we need a from after or, so A is gone
B) "from either" is weird, it implies that something was fashioned from either of the two, which implies that it could be fashioned from both. "either" means "at least one of them" in this context. "Either from" on the other hand, correctly implies that it was taken either from x OR from y. Also, the "or" later on doesn't make sense with what this option says right now. "We can drink water from either OF the wells" is correct, however "we can drink water from either the left OR the right well" is incorrect. So B is gone
C) the ", either fashioned" portion looks weird. What does fashioned modify? empire, or images? Also it just feels like the option is screaming for a "which", this would require a "was/were" for the past participle otherwise we do not have correct s-v agreement. But we have images and we have empire, so which of the "was/were" would be correct? Also, the parallel structure is wrong, we need a "from" after the last "or". In other words, this option is a complete mess. C is gone
D) did the images do the fashioning? That's what this option implies. Plus, the "from" indicate that the images fashioned FROM those locations. The meaning is completely distorted in this option, D is gone.
E) the "were" corrects the ambiguity, we now know that the images themselves did not fashion anything, they themselves WERE fashioned. We have a "either..or" structure and for correct parallelism, we need "from" in both x and y. We have that, so E is correct.