Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations

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Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2010, 04:46
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (02:39) correct 38% (01:51) wrong based on 280 sessions

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Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations to improve cultivated crops come from less developed nations. No compensation is paid on the grounds that the plants used are “the common heritage of humanity.” Such reasoning is, however, flawed. After all, no one suggests that coal, oil, and ores should be extracted without payment.

Which of the following best describes an aspect of the method used by the author in the argument above?
(A) The author proceeds from a number of specific observations to a tentative generalization.
(B) The author applies to the case under discussion facts about phenomena assumed to be similar in some relevant respect.
(C) A position is strengthened by showing that the opposite of that position would have logically absurd consequences.
(D) A line of reasoning is called into question on the grounds that it confuses cause and effect in a causal relation.
(E) An argument is analyzed by separating statements of fact from individual value judgments.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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04 Sep 2010, 05:20
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There is no other way but to use POE for this I guess!! I think the answer is B for the following reasons.

Argument: No compensation is paid to the less developed nations by developed nations when developed nation uses some plants native to the less developed nations to improve their agriculture arguing that the plants used are common heritage of humanity to which they have same rite as the original country does. This argument is flawed because the same principle cannot be applied to the other natural resources. Oil and coal which are parts of the common heritage of humanity but native nations have exclusive rights to these resources.

Which of the following best describes an aspect of the method used by the author in the argument above?
(A) The author proceeds from a number of specific observations to a tentative generalization.
If this is correct then it will be implied that that coal and other resources are part of human heritage and can be extracted by other nations without compensation.

(B) The author applies to the case under discussion facts about phenomena assumed to be similar in some relevant respect.
Similarity between other natural resources to plants.

(C) A position is strengthened by showing that the opposite of that position would have logically absurd consequences.
No opposite is suggested.
(D) A line of reasoning is called into question on the grounds that it confuses cause and effect in a causal relation.
No cause and effect line of argument is used.

(E) An argument is analyzed by separating statements of fact from individual value judgments.
Close! Looses out to B, since no hint to value judgment for other natural resources are used by author.
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Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2012, 23:42
Nice discussion on this topic at many-plant-varieties-used-in-industrially-developed-nations-69740.html
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Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2015, 11:42
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Kudos [?]: 204 [0], given: 0

Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2016, 18:07
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations   [#permalink] 25 Mar 2016, 18:07
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