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Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations

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Joined: 11 Jul 2010
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Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2010, 04:46
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (low)

Question Stats:

60% (02:18) correct 39% (00:59) wrong based on 28 sessions
Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations to improve cultivated crops come from less developed nations. No compensation is paid on the grounds that the plants used are “the common heritage of humanity.” Such reasoning is, however, flawed. After all, no one suggests that coal, oil, and ores should be extracted without payment.

Which of the following best describes an aspect of the method used by the author in the argument above?
(A) The author proceeds from a number of specific observations to a tentative generalization.
(B) The author applies to the case under discussion facts about phenomena assumed to be similar in some relevant respect.
(C) A position is strengthened by showing that the opposite of that position would have logically absurd consequences.
(D) A line of reasoning is called into question on the grounds that it confuses cause and effect in a causal relation.
(E) An argument is analyzed by separating statements of fact from individual value judgments.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: 1000 series CR [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2010, 05:20
There is no other way but to use POE for this I guess!! I think the answer is B for the following reasons.

Argument: No compensation is paid to the less developed nations by developed nations when developed nation uses some plants native to the less developed nations to improve their agriculture arguing that the plants used are common heritage of humanity to which they have same rite as the original country does. This argument is flawed because the same principle cannot be applied to the other natural resources. Oil and coal which are parts of the common heritage of humanity but native nations have exclusive rights to these resources.

Which of the following best describes an aspect of the method used by the author in the argument above?
(A) The author proceeds from a number of specific observations to a tentative generalization.
If this is correct then it will be implied that that coal and other resources are part of human heritage and can be extracted by other nations without compensation.

(B) The author applies to the case under discussion facts about phenomena assumed to be similar in some relevant respect.
Similarity between other natural resources to plants.

(C) A position is strengthened by showing that the opposite of that position would have logically absurd consequences.
No opposite is suggested.
(D) A line of reasoning is called into question on the grounds that it confuses cause and effect in a causal relation.
No cause and effect line of argument is used.

(E) An argument is analyzed by separating statements of fact from individual value judgments.
Close! Looses out to B, since no hint to value judgment for other natural resources are used by author.
Answer -B
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Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 23:42
Nice discussion on this topic at many-plant-varieties-used-in-industrially-developed-nations-69740.html
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Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations   [#permalink] 21 Sep 2012, 23:42
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