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Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount

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Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 19 May 2012, 17:59
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Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount the role of public policy and emphasize the role of the labor market when explaining employers’ maternity-leave policies,
arguing that prior to the passage of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993, employers were already providing maternity leave in response to the increase in the number
of women workers. Employers did create maternity-leave programs in the 1970’s and 1980’s, but not as a purely voluntary response in the absence of any government mandate.
In 1972, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) ruled that employers who allowed leaves for disabling medical conditions must also allow them for maternity and that
failure to do so would constitute sex discrimination under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. As early as 1973, a survey found that 58 percent of large employers had responded with new
maternity-leave policies. Because the 1972 EEOC ruling was contested in court, the ruling won press attention that popularized maternity-leave policies. Yet perhaps because the
Supreme Court later struck down the ruling, politicians and scholars have failed to recognize its effects, assuming that employers adopted maternity-leave policies in response
to the growing feminization of the workforce.
Q25:It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about government policy?
A. Government policy is generally unaffected by pressures in the labor market.
B. The impact of a given government policy is generally weakened by sustained press attention.
C. It is possible for a particular government policy to continue to have an impact after that policy has been eliminated.
D. A given government policy can be counterproductive when that policy has already unofficially been implemented.
E. The impact of a given government policy is generally weakened when the ruling is contested in court.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


Q27: The passage suggests that the relationship between the view of the author with respect tomaternity leave policy prior to passage of the FMLA and the view of the politicians,
business leaders, and scholars mentioned in lines 1-2 can best be characterized by which of the following statements?

A. They agree that both the 1972 EEOC ruling on maternity-leave policy and the increasing feminization of the workplace had an impact on employers’ creation of maternity-leave programs but disagree about the relative importance of each factor.
B. They agree that the EEOC ruling on maternity-leave policy had an initial impact on employers’ creation of maternity-leave programs but disagree over whether the Supreme Court’s striking down of the EEOC ruling weakened that impact.
C. They agree that creating maternity-leave programs was a necessary response to the needs of the increasing number of women workers but disagree about whether maternity should be classified as a disabling medical condition.
D. They agree that employers created maternity-leave programs prior to passage of the FMLA but disagree about employers’ motivations for doing so.
E. They agree that employers created maternity-leave programs prior to passage of the FMLA but disagree about how widespread those programs were.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

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Re: gwd #28 V25 [#permalink] New post 19 May 2012, 18:00
OA is CB, but I doubt the sencond OA.

I think it is D for the second question. How come B can be an answer.
I'd like to see other people's choices.
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Re: gwd #28 V25 [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2012, 19:50
I also went with CD ... Can anyone please explain answer to the second question?
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 18 Jun 2012, 22:08
I went with C D as well.

The second question I was split between B and D. This was my initial reasoning to keep B...

Part 1 of answer B:
"Employers did create maternity-leave programs in the 1970’s and 1980’s, but not as a purely voluntary response in the absence of any government mandate.In 1972, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)..."
This section confirms the initial impact.

Part 2 of answer B:
"Yet perhaps because the Supreme Court later struck down the ruling, politicians and scholars have failed to recognize its effects assuming that employers adopted...feminization of the workforce."
This whole block of text shows that the author doesn't believe the Court ruling impacted the effects of EEOC.

In the end, I still chose D. I tried to poke holes in answer D and the only way I could think of weakening the answer involves the second part.
"but disagree about employers’ motivations for doing so." Is the author really disagreeing? The tone of the piece isn't very direct or critical. "Yet perhaps" does not make for a very convincing conclusion so maybe this weakens answer D. It can be read and interpreted that the author acknowledges the politicians and scholars and is now simply offering an alternative reason.
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 21 Jun 2012, 08:34
I selected the answers as CD initially .But close analysis tells us that CB is the answer.
D is wrong for the second question because the author and the politicians disagree about the reason for the implementation of the maternity leaves in 1970's and not prior to 1970's.
The OA is correct !!
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount   [#permalink] 21 Jun 2012, 08:34
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