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Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount

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Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2012, 08:52
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Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount the role of public policy and emphasize the role of the labor market when explaining employers’ maternity-leave policies, arguing that prior to the passage of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993, employers were already providing maternity leave in response to the increase in the number of
women workers. Employers did create maternity-leave programs in the 1970’s and 1980’s, but not as a purely voluntary response in the absence of any government mandate. In 1972, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) ruled that employers who allowed leaves for disabling medical conditions must also allow them for maternity and that failure to do so would constitute sex discrimination under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. As early as 1973, a survey found that 58 percent of large employers had responded with new
maternity-leave policies. Because the 1972 EEOC ruling was contested in court, the ruling won press attention that popularized maternity-leave policies. Yet perhaps because the Supreme Court later struck down the ruling, politicians and scholars have failed to recognize its effects, assuming that employers adopted maternity-leave policies in response to the growing feminization of the workforce.
1) It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about government policy?
A. Government policy is generally unaffected by pressures in the labor market.
B. The impact of a given government policy is generally weakened by sustained press attention.
C. It is possible for a particular government policy to continue to have an impact after that policy has been eliminated.
D. A given government policy can be counterproductive when that policy has already unofficially been implemented.
E. The impact of a given government policy is generally weakened when the ruling is contested in court.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


2)The passage suggests that the relationship between the view of the author with respect to maternity leave policy prior to passage of the FMLA and the view of the politicians, business leaders, and scholars mentioned in lines 1-2 can best be characterized by which of the following statements?
A. They agree that both the 1972 EEOC ruling on maternity-leave policy and the increasing feminization of the workplace had an impact on employers’ creation of maternity-leave programs but disagree about the relative importance of each factor.
B. They agree that the EEOC ruling on maternity-leave policy had an initial impact on employers’ creation of maternity-leave programs but disagree over whether the Supreme Court’s striking down of the EEOC ruling weakened that impact.
C. They agree that creating maternity-leave programs was a necessary response to the needs of the increasing number of women workers but disagree about whether maternity should be classified as a disabling medical condition.
D. They agree that employers created maternity-leave programs prior to passage of the FMLA but disagree about employers’ motivations for doing so.
E. They agree that employers created maternity-leave programs prior to passage of the FMLA but disagree about how widespread those programs were.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B



I could not understand why is the answer to this C it is not stated anywhere in the passage that implies C what am i Missing

thanks for your response
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2012, 19:53
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If you want to get this question right, you have to have a solid understanding of the overall point of the passage. This passage is confusing because the point of the passage is to opposes the "point" made by the politicians. Politicians say that maternity leave is a result of labor market forces because public policy didn't exist until 1993. The author counters the politicians' point by saying that businesses started to change their maternity leave policies in 1972 in response to a ruling from the EEOC even though the ruling was struck down by the Court. Therefore, the driving force behind the change was not the labor market forces, but rather the short-lived public policy.

Answer choice C essentially restates the point of the passage. Public policy (the EEOC ruling) still has an impact (on maternity leave) even after eliminated (by the Court).

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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars [#permalink] New post 03 Oct 2012, 09:40
KyleWiddison wrote:
If you want to get this question right, you have to have a solid understanding of the overall point of the passage. This passage is confusing because the point of the passage is to opposes the "point" made by the politicians. Politicians say that maternity leave is a result of labor market forces because public policy didn't exist until 1993. The author counters the politicians' point by saying that businesses started to change their maternity leave policies in 1972 in response to a ruling from the EEOC even though the ruling was struck down by the Court. Therefore, the driving force behind the change was not the labor market forces, but rather the short-lived public policy.

Answer choice C essentially restates the point of the passage. Public policy (the EEOC ruling) still has an impact (on maternity leave) even after eliminated (by the Court).

KW


Hi Kyle, can you please explain the reasoning for the below question from the same passage:

The passage suggests that the relationship between the view of the author with respect to maternity leave policy prior to passage of the FMLA and the view of the politicians, business leaders, and scholars mentioned in lines 1-2 can best be characterized by which of the following statements?

A. They agree that both the 1972 EEOC ruling on maternity-leave policy and the increasing feminization of the workplace had an impact on employers’ creation of maternity-leave programs but disagree about the relative importance of each factor.

B. They agree that the EEOC ruling on maternity-leave policy had an initial impact on employers' creation of maternity-leave programs but disagree over whether the Supreme Court's striking down of the EEOC ruling weakened that impact.

C. They agree that creating maternity-leave programs was a necessary response to the needs of the increasing number of women workers but disagree about whether maternity should be classified as a disabling medical condition.

D. They agree that employers created maternity-leave programs prior to passage of the FMLA but disagree about employers' motivations for doing so.

E. They agree that employers created maternity-leave programs prior to passage of the FMLA but disagree about how widespread those programs were.


There is lot of discussion going on between B and D, I chose D over B, although OA is B.
I find Option "B" wrong as it is clearly mentioned in the passage that "perhaps because the Supreme Court later struck down
the ruling, politicians and scholars have failed to
recognize its effects, assuming that employers adopted
maternity-leave policies in response to the growing
feminization of the workforce."
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 04 Oct 2012, 21:42
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Are you certain the OA is B? I would be willing to bet that the OA is D on this one...

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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2013, 05:39
Hey guyzz, the last paragraph especially the last sentence clearly states that the answer choice is C.

Even when the policy is ruled down, its effects are still present as the politicians and the scholars fail to see the effects.

Thanks and regards,
Amit
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Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2013, 05:51
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My first post in the thread relates to the first question and my second post relates to the second question. This would be my third post (if you are keeping track :) ).

KW
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Last edited by KyleWiddison on 26 Aug 2014, 13:39, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2014, 20:37
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2014, 20:50
I think it is C and D'

I like this passage because it is typical of gmat passages. I hope Veritas make more passages like this
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2014, 05:22
Why is the 2nd OA to this passage B? I think it should be D!
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2014, 08:02
I also chose D for Q2.
Can anyone confirm that the OA is B and explain why?
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2014, 13:38
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ronr34 wrote:
I also chose D for Q2.
Can anyone confirm that the OA is B and explain why?


I'm going to quote myself as a source here. The answer to question 2 is D - Both groups agree that programs existed before FMLA but differ on the motivations. There are recognized programs before FMLA but the author is suggesting that early public policy did have an impact on those program's creation but politicians (and others) believe that programs resulted from the increasingly feminized workforce.

The answer cannot be B because the politicians (and others) do NOT recognize the EEOC ruling as having an impact because it was struck down but the Supreme Court (see the last few lines of the passage).

KW
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Re: Many politicians, business leaders, and scholars discount   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2014, 13:38
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