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# Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the

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Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2005, 18:33
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Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

Could someody explain
If you have any questions
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21 Feb 2005, 19:25
(E)'s use of 'will' suggest that violence is definite. But I think the sentence wants (D), which suggests increased possibility

i'll go with (D)
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21 Feb 2005, 20:14
A,B,C have S-V agreement errors

D) I don't think Likelihood for is correct usage

E) likelihood that X is a correct idiom ( likellyhood of X is also correct ofcourse)

E)
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21 Feb 2005, 20:21
'likelihood of something happening(present continuous)' seems logical.

A and C use that form. C is better. Also it looks like dangerous and brutal aggression is used as a compound noun in this sentence even if aggression itself is singular. None of the other choices match with 'now contend' aspect of the sentence. If it were in the future, perhaps E would have been the better choice.
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21 Feb 2005, 20:30
Definitely E

as pointed out by nocillis, likelyhood that X indicates the probability of X
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21 Feb 2005, 21:05
The OA is probably E, but I am not sure it is 'definite' that this choice cant be reasonably refuted and ruled out as ambiguous.
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22 Feb 2005, 07:52
swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt
Could someody explain

The single subject "aggression" needs single verb.

I go with E.

in choice D, likelihood for imitative violence to erupt seems less concrete.
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22 Feb 2005, 11:48
OA is E
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26 Apr 2010, 22:26
I marked A.

I chose A for the S-V agreement.
Subject - deliberate and even brutal aggression.

So, we need plural verb, which is in A, B and C. A is better in these three choices. Any more explanations?

swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

Could someody explain

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26 Oct 2010, 12:14
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swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

E

It has to start with INCREASES ..... therefore A, B & C are out.

likelihood for imitative violence to erupt is incorrect.
l
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27 Oct 2010, 23:14
i feel it is C.
run-on sentence can be correct when there is cause and effect.
the deliberate and even brutal aggression increase the violence erupting among crowds.
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28 Oct 2010, 22:47
E

Subject for the verb increase is singular noun, aggression.

Between D and E

Idiomatic use of likelihood is either likelihood of ~ing or likelihood that verb.

Likelihood for is unidiomatic, so E is our answer.
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Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2012, 02:18
This is not a good question.
"that" in (E) can't function well either as a subordinating conjunction- (Sentence ending with likelihood doesnt sound good) or as a relative pronoun (the initative violence ....... is not a likelihood).
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16 Oct 2012, 04:40
swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

E

It has to start with INCREASES ..... therefore A, B & C are out.

likelihood for imitative violence to erupt is incorrect.
l

wats wrong with d?
IMO D...
i think the correct idiom wrt contend is...contend for...
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Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2012, 10:32
This is gotta be E

Probability that he will be go to the partly is zero
It is likely that he will go to the party

Like Above, Answer choice uses the correct form!
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Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2012, 10:31
Why D is wrong?

sometimes we use "noun for somebody to do" , for example,

the problem for you to solve is hard

is correct.

but D is wrong because the we need "noun" to be object of the verb "to do"

anyone find "the noun for somebody to do" in which "noun" is not object of "to do", pls, expose it.

I am not clear of this
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Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 15:31
I do not think that "likelyhood" takes the preposition "for". Second, based on subject and verb agreement "increases is right choice. Thus "E" fits the answer.
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Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 19:01
swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

Could someody explain

In my opinion it should be E.
A,B,C are out beause of use of increase vs. increases - subject-verb agreement. Between D and E D feels unidiomatic and awkward (for...to). So E.
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Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2013, 06:44
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Hi Kanusha,

This is in response to your PM.

Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.

Since the meaning of this sentence is not difficult to understand, let’s move to error analysis:

Error Analysis:
1. Singular subject “aggression” does not agree in number with plural verb “increase”.

PoE:

(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence: Incorrect. Same SV agreement error as in choice A.

(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting: Incorrect. Same SV agreement error as in choice A.

(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt: Incorrect. “Likelihood for” is unidiomatic.

(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt: Correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2016, 11:34
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