Many scholars have theorized that economic development, : GMAT Reading Comprehension (RC)
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# Many scholars have theorized that economic development,

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Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2009, 12:17
Many scholars have theorized that
economic development, particularly
industrialization and urbanization, con-
Line tributes to the growth of participatory
(5) democracy; according to this theory, it
would seem logical that women would
both demand and gain suffrage in ever
greater numbers whenever economic
development expanded their economic
(10) opportunities. However, the economic
explain certain historical facts about the
implementation of women’s suffrage.
For example, why was women’s suf-
(15) frage, instituted nationally in the United
States in 1920, not instituted nationally
in Switzerland until the 1970’s? Indus-
trialization was well advanced in both
countries by 1920: over 33 percent
(20) of American workers were employed
in various industries, as compared
to 44 percent of Swiss workers.
Granted, Switzerland and the United
States diverged in the degree to
(25) which the expansion of industry coin-
cided with the degree of urbanization:
only 29 percent of the Swiss population
lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabi-
tants by 1920. However, urbanization
(30) cannot fully explain women’s suffrage.
Within the United States prior to 1920,
for example, only less urbanized
Similarly, less urbanized countries
(35) such as Cambodia and Ghana had
voting rights for women long before
Switzerland did. It is true that Switzer-
land’s urbanized cantons (political
subdivisions) generally enacted
(40) women’s suffrage legislation earlier
than did rural cantons. However,
these cantons often shared other
characteristics—similar linguistic back-
grounds and strong leftist parties—that
may help to explain this phenomenon.

The passage suggests which of the following about urbanization in Switzerland and the United States by 1920?

A. A greater percentage of Swiss industrial workers than American industrial workers lived in urban areas.
B. There were more cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants in Switzerland than there were in the United States.
C. Swiss workers living in urban areas were more likely to be employed in industry than were American workers living in urban areas.
D. Urbanized areas of Switzerland were more likely than similar areas in the United States to have strong leftist parties.
E. A greater percentage of the United States population than the Swiss population lived in urban areas.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA is E. Why is C wrong?
If you have any questions
New!
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Re: Many scholars have theorized... [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2009, 08:45
OA E is supported by this line in the passage -

Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincided with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920.

I believe OA C talks about employment of workers in America and Swiss which not relevant in context of this question..

Hope this explanation helps..
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Re: Many scholars have theorized... [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2009, 09:13
Thanks! That makes sense... I confused industrialization with urbanization which are actually stated separately in two different sentences.
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2012, 09:09
2
KUDOS
Here's how the passage breaks down using some RC Pill strategies (cutting the fluff and connecting the dots, as well as focusing on key transitive phrases)

Economic Development ---> Growth of participatory democracy ----> somehow linked to women's suffrage

- within economic development, 2 key drivers
1) industrialization
2) urbanization

Transitive Phrase which indicated CHANGE IN DIRECTION or AUTHOR's REAL PERSPECTIVE
"HOWEVER, ....." - basically saying that the link between economic development and women's suffrage is not really strong because of....whatever the rest of the passage is going to talk about.

Then starts, "FOR EXAMPLE..."

US and Switzerland were very similar yet there were differences in when women's suffrage was nationally institutionalized.

Those similarities are what..?

As it relates to the TWO economic development drivers mentioned above:
1) industrialization - "Industrialization was well advanced in both countries by 1920"; 33% vs 44%
2) urbanization - "degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920."
- basically keyword "ONLY" 29% suggests that US had a higher % of population living in urban areas and was more "urbanized"

So when the question asks which one of the following about urbanization was "suggested" by the passage, we have it here. The passage SUGGESTS that US urban rate was higher than Swizz urban rate.
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2013, 19:20
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2014, 00:24
Nice question.
This should be 700+ level
Initially all went wrong.
then corrected
Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2014, 00:24
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