Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 30 Jun 2015, 23:12

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Apr 2004
Posts: 137
Location: Corea
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 187 [2] , given: 0

Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2004, 04:59
2
This post received
KUDOS
19
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

Category: Rhetorical construction; Logical predication
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Oct 2012
Posts: 18
Concentration: Strategy, Other
GMAT Date: 06-24-2013
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 5

Reviews Badge
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2014, 20:02
marine wrote:
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

Category: Rhetorical construction; Logical predication


Hi e-gmat,

My analysis on this question. Could you please review and let me know if my thought process is correct -

Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation:instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

(A) Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is


Analysis : IC, Noun + Noun Modifier; Adverb, IC
Error :
1. a tool for private conversation is N+NM, hence can modify radio or telephone (either)
2. Instead, it is – parallel IC, hence it refers back to parallel noun of “Marconi’s conception” instead of radio

(B) Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is


Analysis: IC, Noun + Noun Mod, But + IC
Which in this case would refer to radio (noun in parallel IC) or conversation (closest noun)?


(C) Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become

Analysis: IC + that + modifier; instead, IC
That can lead over to modify radio. It refers to radio –
Correct option


(D) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become

Analysis IC, Noun + Noun Modifier, modifier
Error :
1. Conceived ..to be – incorrect idiom
2. Which refer to telephone


(E) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

Analysis IC, Noun + Noun Modifier, <<can’t get rest of the structure
Error :
1. Conceived ..to be – incorrect idiom
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jun 2012
Posts: 129
Schools: IIMA
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 66

GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2014, 05:42
conceived of is idiom and

A is noun form -->out , D and E out ( conceived to be )

C is better parallelism than B :)
_________________

If you are not over prepared then you are under prepared !!!

Expert Post
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1864
Followers: 1540

Kudos [?]: 4619 [0], given: 216

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2014, 23:11
Expert's post
Mission2012 wrote:
marine wrote:
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

Category: Rhetorical construction; Logical predication


Hi e-gmat,

My analysis on this question. Could you please review and let me know if my thought process is correct -

Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation:instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

(A) Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is


Analysis : IC, Noun + Noun Modifier; Adverb, IC
Error :
1. a tool for private conversation is N+NM, hence can modify radio or telephone (either)
2. Instead, it is – parallel IC, hence it refers back to parallel noun of “Marconi’s conception” instead of radio

(B) Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is


Analysis: IC, Noun + Noun Mod, But + IC
Which in this case would refer to radio (noun in parallel IC) or conversation (closest noun)?


(C) Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become

Analysis: IC + that + modifier; instead, IC
That can lead over to modify radio. It refers to radio –
Correct option


(D) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become

Analysis IC, Noun + Noun Modifier, modifier
Error :
1. Conceived ..to be – incorrect idiom
2. Which refer to telephone


(E) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

Analysis IC, Noun + Noun Modifier, <<can’t get rest of the structure
Error :
1. Conceived ..to be – incorrect idiom





Hi Nishant,
Thank you for posting your query here and a very good analysis I must say! :)


SENTENCE STRUCTURE

Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation:
• instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.


OPTION A: Incorrect

1) The way this sentence is worded, it suggests that Marconi’s conception was a substitute for the telephone. This meaning is absolutely illogical because an idea cannot be a substitute for a tool. From the context, we can understand that the radio was conceived as a substitute for the telephone. Hence, this sentence has meaning error.
2) The pronoun “it” seems to illogically refer to “Marconi’s conception”.

The Noun + Noun modifier “a tool for private conversation” modifies “telephone” correctly, since logically we know that radio is not a tool for private conversation.


OPTION B: Incorrect

1) “but” acts as a parallel market in this choice and is followed by a “which” clause. However, this “which” clause is not parallel to anything that lies on the left side of the marker.
2) Also, it is not clear what the modifier “which” refers to in this sentence. It can either refer to “radio” or to “telephone”.

As you have mentioned, “but” should be followed by an independent clause. However, the clause starting with “which” is not an independent clause.


OPTION C: Correct

This option changes the subject from “Marconi’s conception” to “Marconi”. This removes the meaning error of the original sentence.
Also, “it” in the second clause clearly refers to radio.

Here, “that” doesn’t refer to radio. It refers to “a tool for private conversation”.


OPTION D: Incorrect

1) “Conceived of X to be Y” is incorrect idiomatic usage. The correct usage is “conceived of X as Y”.
2) The relative pronoun modifier “which” seems to modify “telephone”. This gives an illogical meaning.
Note that, “which” can’t jump over “to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone” and modify “radio” since this modifier is not one unified phrase.


OPTION E: Incorrect

1) This choice repeats the idiom error of option D.
2) The phrase “other than what” is wordy and redundant. It gives the meaning similar to “precisely the opposite”.



Hope this helps! :)
Deepak
_________________

Aiming to score 760+ on the GMAT? Attend our free webinar to learn how to define your GMAT strategy, create your study plan and master the core skills to excel on the GMAT. Click here to register for this webinar. The webinar will start at 7 AM PST on the 6th of June 2015.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Aug 2014
Posts: 20
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 6

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2014, 01:24
The question is basically testing Idiom and Pronoun usage.

A: Conception X was as Y
B: Conceived X as Y
C: Conceived X as Y
D: Conceived X to be Y
E: Conceived X to be Y

Logic: Correct Idiom: Conceived X as Y. So A, D and E are eliminated

B: "which" : goes back to 'conversation' rather than back to 'radio'.

E: Correct. Correct Idiom, Present Perfect tense and no ambiguity.

Hope it helps!

Ray
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 381
Concentration: Technology, Other
GMAT 1: Q47 V29
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 550

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2015, 01:04
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Can someone please explain the error in option B. I read MGMAT and BTG explanation regarding the same but its still not clear to me.

Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is

As per Mitch:
Quote:
http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-12th-ed-marconi-conception-t62687.html#280168
In B, the pronoun which seems to refer -- incorrectly -- to the telephone, but the radio is the tool for communicating with a large, public audience.
>> Request someone to explain it further with example.

As per Ron
Quote:
http://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/post36053.html#p36053
that choice says "BUT which..."
this means that "which..." is the second part of a parallel structure. the first part of this parallel structure is "a tool for private conversation".
BOTH parts of this parallel structure modify "telephone". (this is how parallel structures work: both/all parts of them MUST have the same grammatical function.)


After cutting the fluff:
Marconi conceived of the radio
as a substitute for the telephone
but which
is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

Does this mean
X conceived of Y as Z but <..>
What follows but shall be || to Z.

Please add or correct my reasoning.

Option C : Correct:
Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone;
instead, it has become precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.
_________________

--------------------------------------------------------
Regards :)

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 338
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 100 [1] , given: 2

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2015, 06:15
1
This post received
KUDOS
JarvisR wrote:
Can someone please explain the error in option B.

Hi JarvisR, B mentions: ....but which is...

Whenever we have this kind of structure (but which, and that, but that etc.), there has to be a corresponding parallel structure to the left of the conjunction (and/but).

In B, there is no corresponding parallel structure on the left hand side of but. Hence, B is not correct.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
GMAT - 99th Pecentile, MBA-ISB, Faculty @ http://www.EducationAisle.com

Our book Sentence Correction Nirvana available at

EducationAisle: Sentence Correction Nirvana
Amazon: Sentence Correction Nirvana
Flipkart: Sentence Correction Nirvana

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi

Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 381
Concentration: Technology, Other
GMAT 1: Q47 V29
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 550

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2015, 06:23
EducationAisle wrote:
JarvisR wrote:
Can someone please explain the error in option B.

Hi JarvisR, B mentions: ....but which is...

Whenever we have this kind of structure (but which, and that, but that etc.), there has to be a corresponding parallel structure to the left of the conjunction (and/but).

In B, there is no corresponding parallel structure on the left hand side of but. Hence, B is not correct.


I appreciate your inputs on the shared query. :)

This seems to be in line with Ron's explanation. Can u please confirm, if i understood it correctly (i have mentioned the structure breakdown in my original post).

Also, some of the posts point that "which" links to telephone. To me its ambiguous, can be telephone/radio.
_________________

--------------------------------------------------------
Regards :)

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 338
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 100 [0], given: 2

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2015, 06:42
Hi JarvisR, you mention:

What follows but shall be || to Z.

As I mentioned in my above post, what follows but is: which is..., and so, there has to be a corresponding which structure on the Left hand side of but.

Currently, there is no "which" structure on the Left hand side of but. In other words, what follows but is actually not parallel to anything; in fact, that is the problem with B.

So, it would not be appropriate to mention that what follows but is parallel to Z.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
GMAT - 99th Pecentile, MBA-ISB, Faculty @ http://www.EducationAisle.com

Our book Sentence Correction Nirvana available at

EducationAisle: Sentence Correction Nirvana
Amazon: Sentence Correction Nirvana
Flipkart: Sentence Correction Nirvana

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi

Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 381
Concentration: Technology, Other
GMAT 1: Q47 V29
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 550

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2015, 06:50
Thanks Ashish. Actually even i m mentioned the same.
Quote:
X conceived of Y as Z but <..>
What follows but shall be || to Z.

But in B, "which is" is not || to "as a substitute for the telephone " .

Can u also share ur views on query#2:
Quote:
Also, some of the posts point that "which" links to telephone. To me its ambiguous, can be telephone/radio.

_________________

--------------------------------------------------------
Regards :)

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 338
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 100 [0], given: 2

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2015, 07:09
JarvisR wrote:
Can u also share ur views on query#2:
Quote:
Also, some of the posts point that "which" links to telephone. To me its ambiguous, can be telephone/radio.

Hi JarvisR, I think we are doing a bit of circulation argumentation here. What I have been saying is that which is not really parallel to anything. So, it's a moot point discussing what "which" is referring to.

In other words, had there been a which structure on the LHS of but, then whatever the which on the LHS was referring to, which on the RHS would refer to the same entity. Since we don't have a which on the LHS, we can't figure out what "which" on the RHS is referring to.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
GMAT - 99th Pecentile, MBA-ISB, Faculty @ http://www.EducationAisle.com

Our book Sentence Correction Nirvana available at

EducationAisle: Sentence Correction Nirvana
Amazon: Sentence Correction Nirvana
Flipkart: Sentence Correction Nirvana

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 01 Apr 2013
Posts: 30
Schools: Tepper '16 (S)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 32

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2015, 00:47
Can someone explain why E is not the answer ?
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Mar 2013
Posts: 44
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 5

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2015, 05:19
I believe that the construction is perfectly fine:

The conception was something but it has become something else. It denotes the change that has happened.
_________________

Regards!

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Aug 2014
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 17

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink] New post 15 May 2015, 17:54
See A as B/ regard A as B/ think A as B/ conceive of A as B/ refer to A as B

Only C works
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th   [#permalink] 15 May 2015, 17:54

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5   6   7   [ 133 posts ] 

    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Marconis conception of the radio was as a substitute for the winskc 0 16 Oct 2006, 09:22
Marconis conception of the radio was as a substitute for the jerrywu 0 28 Aug 2006, 23:28
Marconis conception of the radio was as a substitute for the nakib77 0 24 Dec 2005, 10:04
Marconis conception of the radio was as a substitute for the vivek123 0 13 Dec 2005, 06:33
Marconis conception of the radio was as a substitute for the okdongdong 0 11 Aug 2005, 12:52
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.