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Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success

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Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2011, 20:24
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Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted. We know this because Anderson had to struggle early in life, and anyone who has to struggle early in life is able to keep a good perspective on the world.

The conclusion of the argument follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Anyone who succeeds takes success for granted.
B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.
C. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world has to struggle early in life.
D. Anyone who does not success for granted has to struggle early in life.
E. Anyone who does not take success for granted is able to keep a good perspective on the world.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2011, 20:25
I was able to narrow down to OA and one more choice. But the OA confused me.
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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2011, 23:45
IMO B.
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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2011, 03:47
gijoedude wrote:
Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted. We know this because Anderson had to struggle early in life, and anyone who has to struggle early in life is able to keep a good perspective on the world.

The conclusion of the argument follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Anyone who succeeds takes success for granted.
If author assumed this, then the argument that Marian Anderson did not take success for granted would be wrong, because she was successful.

B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.
Correct.

C. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world has to struggle early in life.
Not necessarily true. Only the reverse is definitely true.

D. Anyone who does not take success for granted has to struggle early in life.
Everyone who struggles does not take success for granted doesn't mean that anyone who doesn't take success for granted must have struggled. There can be few people who are just cautious about not taking success for granted but who didn't struggle before.

E. Anyone who does not take success for granted is able to keep a good perspective on the world.
good perspective on the world is the effect of struggle, not a result of the attitude toward success.



Everyone who struggles-keep good perspective.
If someone who struggled becomes famous.
That someone will definitely not take success for granted.

Because,
Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.

Ans: "B"
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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2011, 03:56
Clear B. There's a massive jump in logic going on which sticks out. B ties it all together.

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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2011, 09:42
What's wrong with E? That's the one I picked at first.
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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2011, 09:58
Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted (A). We know this because Anderson had to struggle early in life, and anyone who has to struggle early in life (B) is able to keep a good perspective on the world (C).

as per argument
If B than C
Because B, so A

combining these --> If C than A

So answer, I think, should be
B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.
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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2011, 11:44
gijoedude wrote:
What's wrong with E? That's the one I picked at first.


Causal fallacy. E reverses the causal mechanism.

"Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted. We know this because Anderson had to struggle early in life, and anyone who has to struggle early in life is able to keep a good perspective on the world."

Success not taken for granted because- Struggle early in life (which always means- Good perspective)

So, if good perspective is present, success not taken granted will definitely be there.

i.e,

good perspective => Success not taken for granted.

This is clearly stated in B. E is reverse of this.
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Re: Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success [#permalink] New post 29 Jan 2012, 06:28
Struggle and good perspective are in correlation. Nothing mentioned about which one caused the other.i.e., the effect is not causal.

S -------- GP

If you Struggle(S), then you will not take success for granted(NSG)

S --------> NSG

Finally, (S ------- GP) -------> NSG

Keep in mind, Reverse of this is not true. similarly, establishing a causal relationship where only a correlation is mentioned is not correct.

A. Anyone who succeeds takes success for granted. Irrelevant
B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted. GP ------> NSG
C. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world has to struggle early in life. GP ------> S (No causal relation mentioned. Hence, not true)
D. Anyone who does not success for granted has to struggle early in life.
NSG ------> S(Reverse true)
E. Anyone who does not take success for granted is able to keep a good perspective on the world.
NSG ------> GP(Again, revers is true)
Re: Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success   [#permalink] 29 Jan 2012, 06:28
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