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Circles inscribed triangles [#permalink]
26 Jun 2011, 10:55

Hi all! Help me please with one task concerning inscribed triangles and circles here it is: Circle A,centre X. XB is the radius. There is a chord AC which intersects XB. D is the point of intersection between XB and AC. BD=2;AC=12;XDA= 90 degrees. What is the circles area?

Hi all! Help me please with one task concerning inscribed triangles and circles here it is: Circle A,centre X. XB is the radius. There is a chord AC which intersects XB. D is the point of intersection between XB and AC. BD=2;AC=12;XDA= 90 degrees. What is the circles area?

By basic property of the circle, the radius bisects the chord AC . ie CD equals AC/2 ie 6

now see, radius XB=XD+BD ie r=XD+2 ie XD=r-2

now concerning Triangle XCD, angle XDC= XDA =90 so pythagorean theorem is applicable so, sq(XC)=sq(DC)+sq(XD)

plug in values you get sq(r)=sq(r-2)+sq(6) which gives r=10

now area=pi*r*r=100*pi

Hope it helps.
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The circle represented by the equation x^ 2 + y^ 2 =1 is centered at the origin and has the radius of r= √1 = 1

What is the correlation between the function and the radius for a circle?
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A secant\chord (except diameter) to a circle divides circle into two region - minor and major. The area of minor region can be calculate by determining area of minor sector minus triangle. Also the direct formula to calculate minor region area is :

Can somebody explain the properties of a cyclic quadrilateral. Also, do the same properties hold good for a cyclic quadrilateral inscribed in a semicircle with one of its sides being the diameter of that semicircle.

Quick question - under the "Semicircles" section, could you clarify or show a picture of what this means? I don't understand how it would always be true.

"• The angle inscribed in a semicircle is always 90°."

Quick question - under the "Semicircles" section, could you clarify or show a picture of what this means? I don't understand how it would always be true.

"• The angle inscribed in a semicircle is always 90°."

Check the diagram below:

Angle ABC is inscribed in semicircle, thus angle B is 90 degrees.

It's the same as the following property: a right triangle inscribed in a circle must have its hypotenuse as the diameter of the circle. The reverse is also true: if the diameter of the circle is also the triangle’s side, then that triangle is a right triangle.

Bunuel, first of all thanks for another amazing post.

Wanted to check, there are a few concepts in this thread like secant, chord, point theorem etc. Are they tested in GMAT? And i have same question with your other quant concept threads.

Bunuel, first of all thanks for another amazing post.

Wanted to check, there are a few concepts in this thread like secant, chord, point theorem etc. Are they tested in GMAT? And i have same question with your other quant concept threads.

Some aspects of this properties definitely could be helpful when solving GMAT questions.
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