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Meaning and logical parallelism, how true should we stick to

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Joined: 10 Sep 2012
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Meaning and logical parallelism, how true should we stick to [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2012, 18:13
How true should we stick to logic?


You must also ensure that the two sides of the linking verb are parallel in meaning.

Wrong: Upon being nominated, this politician REPRESENTS a step forward in
urban-rural relations in this country.

The two sides of the linking verb represents are the politician and a stepforward. However, it
is awkward to say that a politician himself or herself is or represents a stepforward, which is
an occurrence or event.

Rather, the event involving the politician-his or her nomination is
what we should make parallel to the noun a step forward.



Couldn't a person by symbolic of something not logically parallel to a person?

Batman is a symbol of justice. or more appropriately "Barack Obama represents change in America"

Or is this something we should throw out for purpose of the test
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Re: Meaning and logical parallelism, how true should we stick to [#permalink] New post 29 Nov 2012, 06:25
Expert's post
First I will say that the vast majority of parallelism questions are testing structural parallelism (nouns with nouns, infinitives with infinitives, etc.) and only a small percentage deal with logical parallelism. The reverse is true for comparison questions as more comparison questions deal with the logical comparability instead of the structural comparability.

The GMAT is generally very straightforward in testing logical parallelism/comparisons. The wrong answers will definitely be illogical - making landfills parallel with pollution (Verbal #49) or comparing mammals with birds' tubes (OG #136).

In your incorrect example, from a meaning standpoint it is illogical because the intro phrase implies the meaning that it is his nomination that represents a step forward, not the politician himself. If written "The politician represents a step forward in urban-rural relations because he lives in the city but maintains and spends time in his childhood home in the country", the sentence would be more logical. That said, I believe the logical parallelism/comparison issues you will face on the GMAT will be much easier to discern.

KW
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Kyle Widdison | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Utah


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Re: Meaning and logical parallelism, how true should we stick to   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2012, 06:25
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