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Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL

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Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2011, 09:50
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

28% (02:14) correct 72% (01:17) wrong based on 952 sessions
This question is the first practice problem meaning based questions and tests proper placement of modifiers. Correct and best explanation will get a Kudos from us and a free subscription for 1 month to our[highlight]OG Verbal 2 solutions for Sentence Correction[/highlight]. OG Verbal 2 solutions contain solutions to all SC questions using e-GMAT 3 step process- amounting to 14 hrs of audio visual content. Currently 50 solutions are uploaded. The set will be completed by the end of the month.


At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

    A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
    B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted
    C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.
    D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
    E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

We will provide the official answer in a couple of hrs.

Also Check out 5 strategies that GMAT uses to distort the meaning of the original sentence
5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by egmat on 12 Dec 2011, 08:14, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2011, 10:06
IMO C
E seems reasonable except it changes the meaning...
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2011, 11:01
The answer should be (C).

Awaiting response for expert.

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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2011, 15:53
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c) the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral on the euro has not halted.

"Mrs. Merkel" cannot be the object of the sentence or the logic of the sentence is affected . So eliminate B and D
"the reason...." is the object of the subject " the heart of the eurocrisis.." for A E and C. So let's keep those for now.

"Mrs. Merkel's lack of..." maintains an object in A, but "lack of halting of downward spiral" is not grammatical. So that leaves us E and C.

E alters the meaning of the sentence to "Causation" rather than preventing the further deterioration of the Euro.

That leaves us with our answer C.

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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2011, 03:07
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egmat wrote:
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

    A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
    B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral on the euro has not halted
    C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral on the euro has not halted.
    D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
    E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.


The heart of euro crisis cannot be person, should be event. So, B and D are out.

In choice E, resulting change the meaning of sentence that [the heart ... is lack...] results in the downward spiral of the euro. The definition [X is Y] cannot cause something. So, usage cause - effect here is wrong

In choice A, "for lack of halting" means that the downward spiral of euro is halting, as braking the wheel, haha. Halting like stopping, cannot be used with -ing form. So, this choice is wrong.

Choice C is correct while stating that the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel is the heart of Eu crisis. This shortage is the the reason why the downward spiral on the euro has not halted. Usage of present perfect shows the intention of author.
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2011, 06:05
great explanations. My head initially spun when I read the sentence. Now it makes sense. C seems to be the correct answer.
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2011, 07:04
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No response from egmat yet.
I Wonder if Nikolas Sarkozy posted this question ;-)
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2011, 07:32
Anasthaesium wrote:
No response from egmat yet.
I Wonder if Nikolas Sarkozy posted this question ;-)


You are funny man :)).
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2011, 08:06
Anasthaesium wrote:
No response from egmat yet.
I Wonder if Nikolas Sarkozy posted this question ;-)

lol...a nice one buddy :-D
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 08 Dec 2011, 09:42
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@Anasthaesium: great response and an extra bonus for the added humor. Merckel may be keeping mum intentionally since a weak euro is a definite boost to Germany's exports. Germany's exports did increase by 15% from August (85B euros) to September (95B euros) as Euro's exchange rate slipped from $1.4 to $1.3.

You win the Verbal 2 (SC)OG solutions. Please register on e-GMAT and notify us. We will upgrade your account.
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In another post @daagh raised a good point regarding "what is this emphasis on meaning" and why the renewed interest. Below is my response to the same. Hopefully, this would help you as well.

In my opinion, (understanding) Meaning has been central to solving Sentence Correction questions since OG 11 and therfore an integral part e-GMAT Sentence Correction course. OG 12, released in April 2010, continued this emphasis and had more questions in which one had to understand the intent of the sentence based on the original choice to be able to respond correctly.

However, this emphasis on meaning came as a surprise to quite a few individuals and a few experts. People on GMATClub and BTG panicked (you can read their posts on the forums) after realizing they could no longer do well in Sentence Correction purely on grammatical issues without understand the intended meaning. This was further accentuated when GMAC openly stated that a sentence correction questions may have more than one grammatically correct answer choice, but only one of them would communicate the intended meaning.

Since the egmat SC course is probably one of the few courses that has such a clear emphasis on meaning, and since a good amount of confusion still exists, we decided to share our research through various ways. We have a free concept accessible to everyone who registers on e-GMAT. We also conduct a free live session on "importance on meaning" every month. In addition we decided to write this article with the aim to:

1. Help those who have been ignoring the meaning and primarily been following the splits approach to understand the various strategies that GMAC uses to distort the meaning.

2. Provide them with an modified approach (we call it the e-GMAT 3 step process) so that they can attain higher accuracy on the GMAT.

we have only detailed one approach in this article so far and will be outlining other approaches over the next 10 days. Those who are planning to take the exam in the next 4-5 days can download the document and go through the OG questions that we have outlined in the table.
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2011, 08:13
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egmat wrote:
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted
C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.
D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a few facts
1. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction is at the heart of euro crisis.
2. Her lack of bold reaction is the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the Euro
a. This is rather confusing expression. It intends to say that her lack of bold reaction is the reason why downward spiral of Euro has not halted or stopped.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


• At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

This sentence has only 1 clause with inverted SV order. Grammatically this sentence appears to be ok but it is not written in concise manner. The expression – “lack of halting of …” is overly complicated and confusing as discussed in meaning analysis.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – This choice changes the meaning of the sentence. It now states that Mrs. Merckel is at the heart of Euro crisis. Per the original sentence, her lack of quick or bold decision is at the heart of Euro crisis.

Choice C – Correct Choice.

Choice D – This choice repeats the errors of Choice B

Choice E – This choice is grammatically correct. But it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Now it implies that lack of bold reaction is the reason behind the downward spiral of the Euro. This is not correct. Note that per the intended meaning – downward spiral of Euro is already happening. Mrs. Merckel is not taking a quick or bold decision. This indecisiveness results in continuation of the downward spiral. Thus, its not like this indecisiveness results in the downward spiral of Euro. It results in not being able to stop this downward spiral.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the intended meaning of the sentence and then select the choice that correctly communicates that meaning. Understand the role of each modifier in the sentence and note for any changes in the placement of these modifiers.
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2011, 10:08
Boy this was tough.. I almost fell in the trap. Thanks Payal :)
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 13 Dec 2011, 16:16
Anasthaesium.. +1 for your comment. You are funny man.
egmat: +1 for posting the question. Thank you
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2012, 14:39
Anasthaesim :)

I also choose C for the answer, But I did not choose E at the first sight because it lacks main verb, E just includes phrase without any main verb to constitu
te a sentence. But I can not recognise the litte change in intended meaning of E. This problem appears in grammatical errors. Do u think it is right ?
:shock: strong like your comment 8-) :lol:
Anasthaesium wrote:
c) the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral on the euro has not halted.

"Mrs. Merkel" cannot be the object of the sentence or the logic of the sentence is affected . So eliminate B and D
"the reason...." is the object of the subject " the heart of the eurocrisis.." for A E and C. So let's keep those for now.

"Mrs. Merkel's lack of..." maintains an object in A, but "lack of halting of downward spiral" is not grammatical. So that leaves us E and C.

E alters the meaning of the sentence to "Causation" rather than preventing the further deterioration of the Euro.

That leaves us with our answer C.

Now give me that month's Verbal freebie! I really need it. ;)
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2012, 15:57
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Hi Bichhang,

Its great that you could arrive at the correct choice. However, it would be great if you could also see the pertinent errors in choice E. As you know when you are practicing Sentence Correction, it is equally important to eliminate the wrong choices for the right reasons. So let's analyze choice E a bit more. Following is the complete sentence with choice E.

At the heart of euro crisis is the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

First of all, can you analyze the sentence structure of this sentence. Can you tell me the subject-verb pairs in this sentence?

Looking forward to your response.

Thanks,

Payal
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2012, 04:18
Quote:
The heart of euro crisis cannot be person, should be event. So, B and D are out.


Why can't a person be at the heart of Euro crisis?
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2012, 06:51
I love posts from egmat folks . They are right on target and very well explained ..
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2013, 10:14
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2014, 01:11
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted
C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.
D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a few facts
1. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction is at the heart of euro crisis.
2. Her lack of bold reaction is the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the Euro
a. This is rather confusing expression. It intends to say that her lack of bold reaction is the reason why downward spiral of Euro has not halted or stopped.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


• At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

This sentence has only 1 clause with inverted SV order. Grammatically this sentence appears to be ok but it is not written in concise manner. The expression – “lack of halting of …” is overly complicated and confusing as discussed in meaning analysis.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – This choice changes the meaning of the sentence. It now states that Mrs. Merckel is at the heart of Euro crisis. Per the original sentence, her lack of quick or bold decision is at the heart of Euro crisis.

Choice C – Correct Choice.

Choice D – This choice repeats the errors of Choice B

Choice E – This choice is grammatically correct. But it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Now it implies that lack of bold reaction is the reason behind the downward spiral of the Euro. This is not correct. Note that per the intended meaning – downward spiral of Euro is already happening. Mrs. Merckel is not taking a quick or bold decision. This indecisiveness results in continuation of the downward spiral. Thus, its not like this indecisiveness results in the downward spiral of Euro. It results in not being able to stop this downward spiral.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the intended meaning of the sentence and then select the choice that correctly communicates that meaning. Understand the role of each modifier in the sentence and note for any changes in the placement of these modifiers.



I know I am late in posting this question, but I will sincerely appreciate if either e-GMAT or anyone else can answer my one small query related to above question. I chose "C" as the right answer. However, I am bit skeptical about use of "that" in it. In the 1st read I discarded it, since it sounded awkward. I know we mightn't find perfect construction, but wouldn't use of "why" instead of "that" have been a better construction.
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Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL [#permalink] New post 06 May 2014, 00:42
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

A. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro
B. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted
C. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, the reason that the downward spiral of the euro has not halted.
D. Mrs. Merckel, whose lack of quick or bold reaction is the reason of lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.
E. the lack of quick or bold reaction by Mrs. Merckel, resulting in the downward spiral of the euro.

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a few facts
1. Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction is at the heart of euro crisis.
2. Her lack of bold reaction is the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the Euro
a. This is rather confusing expression. It intends to say that her lack of bold reaction is the reason why downward spiral of Euro has not halted or stopped.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


• At the heart of euro crisis is Mrs. Merckel’s lack of quick or bold reaction, the reason for lack of halting of the downward spiral of the euro.

This sentence has only 1 clause with inverted SV order. Grammatically this sentence appears to be ok but it is not written in concise manner. The expression – “lack of halting of …” is overly complicated and confusing as discussed in meaning analysis.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – This choice changes the meaning of the sentence. It now states that Mrs. Merckel is at the heart of Euro crisis. Per the original sentence, her lack of quick or bold decision is at the heart of Euro crisis.

Choice C – Correct Choice.

Choice D – This choice repeats the errors of Choice B

Choice E – This choice is grammatically correct. But it changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Now it implies that lack of bold reaction is the reason behind the downward spiral of the Euro. This is not correct. Note that per the intended meaning – downward spiral of Euro is already happening. Mrs. Merckel is not taking a quick or bold decision. This indecisiveness results in continuation of the downward spiral. Thus, its not like this indecisiveness results in the downward spiral of Euro. It results in not being able to stop this downward spiral.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the intended meaning of the sentence and then select the choice that correctly communicates that meaning. Understand the role of each modifier in the sentence and note for any changes in the placement of these modifiers.





In this question I didn’t choose C because I wanted to put the sentence “the reason…..” close to “lack of quick and or bold reaction” I choose A only for that reason though I was also confused about the wording in Choice A. So, Between A and C I chose A. In both sentences I had confusion. In A --- Wording issue. In C-placing the modifier close to the entity which it is modifying.
Now please give me suggestion what I will do in such a situation because I have already got many questions which were canceling the options depending the reason I have already mentioned for C
Re: Meaning Based 2: MRS MERCKEL   [#permalink] 06 May 2014, 00:42

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