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Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question

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Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 15 Feb 2013, 18:58
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Hi folks,

We are here again with another new question for this week. Solve this question and post your analysis. Good detailed posts will get Kudos from us. Happy Solving! :)

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Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.

A. terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect

B. terrorizing the region and the government that residents say to be incapable to protect

C. who have terrorized the region and the government who residents say it is incapable to protect

D. who have terrorized the region and against the government that residents say is incapable of protecting

E. that terrorized the region and against the government that residents say incapable of protecting

Official Answer and official explanation will be posted after some discussion.
Thanks. :)
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Last edited by egmat on 17 Feb 2013, 22:16, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 15 Feb 2013, 21:02
egmat wrote:
Hi folks,

We are here again with another new question for this week. Solve this question and post your analysis. Good detailed posts will get Kudos from us. Happy Solving! :)

Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.

A. terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect

B. terrorizing the region and the government that residents say to be incapable to protect

C. who have terrorized the region and the government who residents say it is incapable to protect

D. who have terrorized the region and against the government that residents say is incapable of protecting

E. that terrorized the region and against the government that residents say incapable of protecting

Official Answer and official explanation will be posted after some discussion.
Thanks. :)


+1 D

A - 'say of as' construction looks wrong
B - changes the intended meaning --suggests that 'local drug traffickers' are terrorizing 'the region' and 'the government'
C - Same issue as in B
D - Correct
E - 'who' should be used to modify group of people
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 15 Feb 2013, 21:03
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Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.
A. terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect
B. terrorizing the region and the government that residents say to be incapable to protect - AGAINST is required before Government otherwise the meaning changes. "To be incapable" is very lengthy.
C. who have terrorized the region and the government who residents say it is incapable to protect- AGAINST is required before Government otherwise the meaning changes. THAT must be used & 2nd portion is unnecessary long & awkward
D. who have terrorized the region and against the government that residents say is incapable of protecting - CORRECT
E. that terrorized the region and against the government that residents say incapable of protecting - It's a Fragment as verb is missing

So Answer has to be D

Hope it helps.

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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 15 Feb 2013, 22:50
egmat wrote:
Hi folks,

We are here again with another new question for this week. Solve this question and post your analysis. Good detailed posts will get Kudos from us. Happy Solving! :)

Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.

A. terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect

B. terrorizing the region and the government that residents say to be incapable to protect

C. who have terrorized the region and the government who residents say it is incapable to protect

D. who have terrorized the region and against the government that residents say is incapable of protecting

E. that terrorized the region and against the government that residents say incapable of protecting

Official Answer and official explanation will be posted after some discussion.
Thanks. :)


Meaning :-
Villagers have risen up in revolt against
a. Local drug traffickers
b. The government

Error Analysis :- Terrorizing the region is a verb-ing modifier whereas that residents say .. is a relative clause. Parallelism error. Say of as incapable is awkward.

Option A :- explained
Option B :- Change of meaning drug traffickers don't terrorize the region and the government.
Option C :- same change of meaning error as in B
Option D :- Correct
Option E :- Need 'who' to refer to drug traffickers. Also the verb Terrorized is in past tense implying that the action completed in the past which is not correct.

IMO :- D
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 16 Feb 2013, 07:08
Hi
Verb ing phraase cannot be parallel to noun + that modifier

Options D solves the issue at hand by introducing a modifier....Hence is the correct answer
D

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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 16 Feb 2013, 20:25
Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.

A. terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect
- Awkward verb form - Terrorizing

B. terrorizing the region and the government that residents say to be incapable to protect
- Same reasoning as in A

C. who have terrorized the region and the government who residents say it is incapable to protect
- Missing parallel construction ''ägainst drug traffickers" ... needs "against the government"


D. who have terrorized the region and against the government that residents say is incapable of protecting
CORRECT.- Proper parallel structure.


E. that terrorized the region and against the government that residents say incapable of protecting
cant use 'that' for people should use WHO
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 05:35
Answer should be "D" as the sentence is precise and parallel.

Thanks
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 08:24
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Answer should be D.

The fight is between is incapable to protect and is incapable of protecting. I don’t know how each of them is grammatically correct or incorrect but I can say both have distinct meanings. Is incapable to protect seems to indicate that the government don’t have power or potential to protect the subject residents whereas is incapable of protecting indicates that either the government was unwilling to protect the subject residents or it was failed(possibily because of wrong strategy),despite having ability, to protect subject residents. later is correct in the context of this question, so A,B,C will get eliminated. Between D and E, D is grammatical.

A) say of as is ungrammatical.

B) lack of against before the government creates parallelism error and changes the intended meaning of sentence.

C) use of it is redundant in second part of the sentence.

D) Correct.

E) that can not refer to living things. In second part verb (is) is lacking.
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 09:13
Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.

A. terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect( terrorising the region seems to point to fact that villagers taking arms has terrorised the region ..so its wrng )

B. terrorizing the region and the government that residents say to be incapable to protect( same error)

C. who have terrorized the region and the government who residents say it is incapable to protect(for goverement who pronoun cnt be used )

D. who have terrorized the region and against the government that residents say is incapable of protecting (correct)

E. that terrorized the region and against the government that residents say incapable of protecting (is verb is lacking ..pluss who should be used for persons)
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 10:27
Hello everyone,

Here is the detailed analysis i could come up with following the e-gmat process.

Meaning:
Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against 2 things
• local drug traffickers, who terrorize the region
• the government that residents say is incapable of protecting the citizens from organized crime.

Error analysis:
Clause1 : Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against
• local drug traffickers terrorizing the region – here terrorizing the region is a -ing modifier for drug traffickers.
• against the government
Dependent clause -that residents say of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.

The 2 entities are not structurally parallel. One is a-ing modifier and the other a dependent clause.

POE:
A. terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect
-Parallelism error as described above. ‘Say of as incapable’ does not convey the intended meaning.

B. terrorizing the region and the government that residents say to be incapable to protect
-Parallelism error as A. ‘to be incapable to protect’ may be considered wordy as well.

C. who have terrorized the region and the government who residents say it is incapable to protect
-Here we need ‘against’ before government. This statement changes the intended meaning states that drug traffickers have terrorized the region and the government.

D. who have terrorized the region and against the government that residents say is incapable of protecting
- CORRECT parallelism structure maintained between drug traffickers and government.

E. that terrorized the region and against the government that residents say incapable of protecting
- who needs to be used for drug traffickers (humans) instead of that.
Also helping verb ‘is’ is needed in the second part.


Hope this helps.

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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 18 Feb 2013, 08:01
This is really interesting. Not sure I am right though. The meaning makes the modifiers tricky.

Decoding Meaning
--------------------------

Residents (Subject)
of several Mexican villages
have risen up (Main Verb)
in armed revolt
against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region
and
against
the government that residents say of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.


1st Simplified form: Residents <> have risen up <> against X and against Y.

Observations:
1) Against is required because without "against" it is inferred drug traffickers are terrorizing the region and the government. (Can ignore B, C)
2) Now X and Y should be parallel.

POE
--------------------------
POE Candidates: A,D,E

For A) Elimination
1)"Say of as" sounds weird
2) terrorizing and that are not parallel. (I am 100% sure of this though since both are modifiers, but does not sound right)

For E) Elimination
1) "that residents say incapable of protecting" does not sound right. Meaning is obscure. Seems to miss verb "is"

D) Best one:
1) X and Y seem parallel.
2) who and that > both are relative pronouns
3) Meaning seems OK.

Waiting for OA and OE.
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Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2013, 22:56
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Thanks everyone for their participation in this question. Sorry about the delay in posting the official solution :(

Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.

Image

• Clause 1: Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region and against the government
• Clause 2: that
• Clause 3: residents say
• Cont. of Clause 2: of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.

Many Mexican villagers have started armed revolution against:
a. local drug traffickers who have terrorized the region.
b. the government who the people think is not capable of protecting them.


Image

Error Analysis
• Clause 1: Residents of several Mexican villages have risen up in armed revolt against local drug traffickers terrorizing the region and against the government
• Clause 2: that
• Clause 3: residents say
• Cont. of Clause 2: of as incapable to protect them from organized crime.

Error 1 – Relative Pronoun “that” starts a dependent clause. It acts as a subject and stands for “the government”. However, there is no verb for this subject. This leads to fragment error.

Error 2 – “to protect” is not the correct expression here. The sentence wants to convey that the government did not have the ability. Hence, the correct expression here should be “of protecting”. Study the usage of “capable of” in the following correct official sentence:
Quote:
Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were relatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.


PoE

A. terrorizing the region and against the government that residents say of as incapable to protect: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B. terrorizing the region and the government that residents say to be incapable to protect: Incorrect.

Error 1 – Per this choice, the list is no longer clear. In the absence of “against” before the second element “the government”, the sentence may be construed to mean the following:
The villagers have started armed revolution against traffickers who have terrorized:
a. the region
b. the government.
This is certainly not the intended meaning of the sentence. Thus to avoid ambiguity in meaning, we need to repeat “against” before “the government” the way we have it before “local drug traffickers”.

Error 2 – Same fragment error as in Choice A.
Error 3 – Same expression error as in Choice A.

C. who have terrorized the region and the government who residents say it is incapable to protect: Incorrect.
Error 1 – Same illogical parallelism error as in Choice B.
Error 2 – Presence of pronoun “it” is incorrect because relative pronoun “who” is already present in the sentence that stands for “the government”.
Error 3 – Same expression error as in Choice A.

D. who have terrorized the region and against the government that residents say is incapable of protecting: Correct Answer
Correct. Verb “is” is the verb for the relative pronoun subject “that”.

E. that terrorized the region and against the government that residents say incapable of protecting: Incorrect.
Error 1 – Local drug traffickers are people. Hence we should use relative pronoun “who” for them and not “that”.
Error 2 – Same fragment error as in Choice A.

Image

1. In cases in which the omission of common words before the entities may lead to ambiguity in meaning, repeat the common words before all the entities so that the conveyed meaning is logical.
2. Every subject must have a verb to form a clause.
3. Use correct expressions to convey the correct meaning.

Thanks. :)
Shraddha
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Last edited by egmat on 11 Jul 2014, 11:19, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2013, 23:10
Expert's post
Thanks every one for participating in this question/poll.

Here are the statistics for this question:



Image

Number of responses - 68
82% people answered this question correctly.

Since 82% of people who attempted this question answered correctly, I would not classify this question as a 700 level question. It is more or less 600 level question. At times its good to through in a question that is not as difficult as the others!! But I and Shraddha will take it upon us to create a more difficult version of this question :)

Regards,

Payal
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2013, 08:09
egmat wrote:
Since 82% of people who attempted this question answered correctly, I would not classify this question as a 700 level question. It is more or less 600 level question. At times its good to through in a question that is not as difficult as the others!!


Well I found it quite tricky, and you broke my heart by saying it's a 600 level question. :roll:

Anyway judging the difficulty level is very not my cup of tea coz many times, I get the difficult ones correct and the easier ones wrong.
My little experience tells me that difficult questions have 2 options too close that it is really hard to distinguish. :?
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2013, 05:37
Expert's post
egmat wrote:
Thanks every one for participating in this question/poll.

Here are the statistics for this question:



Image

Number of responses - 68
82% people answered this question correctly.

Since 82% of people who attempted this question answered correctly, I would not classify this question as a 700 level question. It is more or less 600 level question. At times its good to through in a question that is not as difficult as the others!! But I and Shraddha will take it upon us to create a more difficult version of this question :)

Regards,

Payal


Hey Payal,
Great qs but was pretty easy as you said...!

BTW, don't you think that from the perspective of grammar,the above highlighted part should be 'Shraddha and I' instead...? :wink:
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2013, 06:01
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Yes you are correct bagdbmba, Shraddha and I will take it upon us to create a more difficult version of this question :)
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Re: Mexican Villagers - A tough 700 level question   [#permalink] 01 Mar 2013, 06:01
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