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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache,

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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2005, 08:43
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D
E

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16. Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2005, 09:42
there is no typo atleast from my side, source is unknown and no OE.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2005, 13:26
(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost

"thus" is wrong as lost workdays don't cause medical expenses. both are resulting from the same cause

(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost

"so as to" is wrong same as "thus"

(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and

again the lost workdays don't cost medical expenses

(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and

"thus" is wrong

(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
correct answer?? I believe it should be "year, costs..."
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Re: SC#16 [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2005, 13:34
(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
"they" is wrong, run-on sentence

(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
Correct if it is "costs".

(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
"so as to"

(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
The only "costs" we can find, pity it is not the right answer. "that" seems to refer to the year.

(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
You know what, this just might be the right answer. "which" may refer to the lost workdays?

Last edited by HongHu on 10 Mar 2005, 14:21, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2005, 14:02
My pick was "E", can anyone refute why "E" is wrong, assuming that "B" stands as it is.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2005, 14:11
I dont see why thus is wrong...isnt thus the equivalent of therefore?

I think E is wrong because having which and then thus seems redundant

i would say all are wrong...but thats not the answer so i go with B
does someone have the OA
also why r u guys saying B is wrong?
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Re: SC#16 [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2005, 17:40
banerjeea_98 wrote:
16. Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and


I go with C.

Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
'and they' is not parallel

(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
'cost' should be 'costs'

(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
'that' is wrong

(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses
'which' is also wrong
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Mar 2005, 19:00
very tricky one, not able to decide betwen B & C

Assuming it is costs I would go with B. In B thus means "consequently".
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Mar 2005, 19:08
(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
- 'they' is a pronoun error referent. Who cost the nation $50 billion ?? The lost workyears costs the nation, not the 18 million Americans that the pronoun refers to

(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
- 'thus' is similar to 'therefore'. The sentence doesn't sound right with the substitution. "... who collectively lose 64m workdys a year and threfore cost the nation..."

(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
- 'so as to' is wrong. 'so as to' is similar to 'in order to'

(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
- awkward phrasing.

(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and

- I'll go with E. I like the use of 'which' to introduce the phrase to modify the 'lost workdays'

E it is.
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 [#permalink] New post 14 Mar 2005, 20:26
16. Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost

WRONG, they referes to americans and not migrane

(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
My Choice!

(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
Wrong, so as to is incorrect

(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
Wrong, lost medical expense is incorrect
(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and

Wrong, lost medical expense is incorrect
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 [#permalink] New post 15 Mar 2005, 11:14
I would go with 'C'.

B would have been correct, but it lacks 'costs'.

For usage of 'so as to' and 'in order to' please chk this link http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=so%20as%20to

If someone can give more info. on usage of idioms 'so as to' and 'in order to' will appreciate.

Thanks,
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 [#permalink] New post 29 Mar 2005, 14:53
A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and

B it is

choices A,D,E uses that and which,,,,,,,,which gives no clear refernce to anything,,,,,,,B,C REMOVE THIS AMIBIUTY, C ACKWARD,,,hence B
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 [#permalink] New post 29 Mar 2005, 17:02
sorry guys...OA is "B"....
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 [#permalink] New post 29 Mar 2005, 17:47
I previously went for (E) without noticing the 'lost medical expenses'. Someone pointed out that medical expenses can't be 'lost', and that's absolutely right. It's the time that is 'lost'. On this account, we can throw out (D) and (E).

(A) uses the pronoun 'they' which refers to Americans, but it's appropriate to say the Americans cost 50 billions dollars in medical expenses. Rather, it's the result of them not being able to work that costs 50 billion dollars.

(B) uses thus, to describe 'as a result' and is appropriate.

(C) uses 'so as to' is awkward.

I'll take B
  [#permalink] 29 Mar 2005, 17:47
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