More and more companies have begun to consume less energy by : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# More and more companies have begun to consume less energy by

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More and more companies have begun to consume less energy by [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2011, 01:40
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Question Stats:

73% (02:05) correct 27% (01:09) wrong based on 234 sessions

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More and more companies have begun to consume less energy by making themselves more efficient. Over time, these efforts could place the United States at the forefront of an emerging global market for cleaner technologies. Such efforts are also essential to tackling the two big energy-related issues of the age: global warming and the dependence on precarious supplies of oil. The federal government should encourage these efforts by providing the necessary incentives, whether as loans, direct grants or targeted tax breaks.

Which of the following, if true, provides the most effective support for the argument?

a. On the average, Canadian companies are more energy efficient than those in the United States.
b. Experts believe that energy efficiency could lower the energy use of the United States to the level of 1995.
c. In the past, government incentives have made advances in energy conservation feasible, especially in the auto industry.
d. The dependence on foreign oil is a greater problem in the present than global warming.
e. The market for cleaner technologies is currently relatively small because of the infrastructure requirements.

OA is provided.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why not E?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: incentives and energy efficiency [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2011, 02:16
1
KUDOS
First lets eliminate the irrelevant options:
A talks of Canadian vc Amercian companies. Why are we consuming that Author or Federal Govt wants to meet Canadian standards? Irrelevant
D compares the two porblems which the question statement highlights- global warming and dependence on foreign oil. however which of the two is more critical is immaterial to the question argument. hence rejected.
We are left with b, c, e
What is the conclusion/ intent of the argument in the question - that the federal govt should provide incentives.
b provides confirmation that energy efficiency will make US as effective as 1995- so what? That doesnt mean Govt should incentivise for achieving this.
E says market for this technology is small currently because of infrastructure requirements: but the question statement says that the market is growing as more and more companies are adopting cleaner tech and govt needs to encourage these efforts: inconsistent. Also, infrastructure at whose end? producers? or customers: not clear.
C highlights the effectiveness of govt incentives in such matters- clearly supporting the recommendation that govt should provide these incentives more and more.
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Re: incentives and energy efficiency [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2011, 02:17
Yeah the CR is using the analogy to support the conclusion.

E is not evident since incentives or loans may NOT necessarily improve the infrastructure.

nikhilsrl wrote:
More and more companies have begun to consume less energy by making themselves more efficient. Over time, these efforts could place the United States at the forefront of an emerging global market for cleaner technologies. Such efforts are also essential to tackling the two big energy-related issues of the age: global warming and the dependence on precarious supplies of oil. The federal government should encourage these efforts by providing the necessary incentives, whether as loans, direct grants or targeted tax breaks.

Which of the following, if true, provides the most effective support for the argument?

a. On the average, Canadian companies are more energy efficient than those in the United States.
b. Experts believe that energy efficiency could lower the energy use of the United States to the level of 1995.
c. In the past, government incentives have made advances in energy conservation feasible, especially in the auto industry.
d. The dependence on foreign oil is a greater problem in the present than global warming.
e. The market for cleaner technologies is currently relatively small because of the infrastructure requirements.

OA is provided.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Why not E?
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Re: incentives and energy efficiency [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2011, 06:42
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a. On the average, Canadian companies are more energy efficient than those in the United States.

b. Experts believe that energy efficiency could lower the energy use of the United States to the level of 1995.
-- this is not a wrong statement, but no connection to the govt loans or incentives.

c. In the past, government incentives have made advances in energy conservation feasible, especially in the auto industry.
-- and hence the government incentives will help making these new efforts global warming and dependence on foreign oil... so, we need govt loads/incentives in this case too... so, supporting the argument.

d. The dependence on foreign oil is a greater problem in the present than global warming.
-- these two are the aims of our efforts. comparing them will not help the argument.

e. The market for cleaner technologies is currently relatively small because of the infrastructure requirements.
-- no connection as to whey govt has to give loans...

So, IMO, its C
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Re: incentives and energy efficiency [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2011, 14:08
a. On the average, Canadian companies are more energy efficient than those in the United States. -----not relevant
b. Experts believe that energy efficiency could lower the energy use of the United States to the level of 1995. conclusion does not talk about the level of energy use
c. In the past, government incentives have made advances in energy conservation feasible, especially in the auto industry. supports the argument by saying that such a move has helped a particular industry in the past
d. The dependence on foreign oil is a greater problem in the present than global warming. totally irrelevant
e. The market for cleaner technologies is currently relatively small because of the infrastructure requirements.this is a reason why the market is small. we are not concerned with this. however, no support to the conclusion is offered. hence wrong
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Re: incentives and energy efficiency [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2011, 11:06
C it is
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Re: More and more companies have begun to consume less energy by [#permalink]

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11 May 2015, 09:28
a. On the average, Canadian companies are more energy efficient than those in the United States.

b. Experts believe that energy efficiency could lower the energy use of the United States to the level of 1995.
-- this is not a wrong statement, but no connection to the govt loans or incentives.

c. In the past, government incentives have made advances in energy conservation feasible, especially in the auto industry.
-- and hence the government incentives will help making these new efforts global warming and dependence on foreign oil... so, we need govt loads/incentives in this case too... so, supporting the argument.

d. The dependence on foreign oil is a greater problem in the present than global warming.
-- these two are the aims of our efforts. comparing them will not help the argument.

e. The market for cleaner technologies is currently relatively small because of the infrastructure requirements.
-- no connection as to whey govt has to give loans...

So, IMO, its C

Hi

Can you please explain me in detail why E is wrong. I understand why C is correct but E seems tempting to choose.

I Interpreted E as: because of the low infrastructure the market is RELATIVELY low --> If this is true then it supports the argument that government should encourage the development by providing incentives (via loans etc)

Please correct me where i am going wrong in the understanding of the question/choices.
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Re: More and more companies have begun to consume less energy by [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2016, 23:28
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Re: More and more companies have begun to consume less energy by   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2016, 23:28
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