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More and more computer programs that provide solutions to [#permalink] New post 29 May 2008, 15:55
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A
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More and more computer programs that provide solutions to mathematical problems in engineering are being produced, and "it is thus increasingly unnecessary for practicing engineers to have a thorough understanding of fundamental mathematical principles". Consequently, in training engineers who will work in industry, less emphasis should be placed on mathematical principles, "so that space in the engineering curriculum will be available for other important subjects".

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first is the second-premise that the argument includes; the second is the conclusion that could be drawn from this passage.
B) The first is the fact that is necessary for this argument; the second is the conclusion that must be drawn from this passage.
C) The first is the part of premise that the argument includes; the second is the inference that could be drawn from this passage.
D) The first is the part of evidence that supports this argument; the second is the inference that could be drawn from this passage.
E) The first is the first conclusion in this argument; the second is the second conclusion in this argument
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 29 May 2008, 17:55
saravalli wrote:
More and more computer programs that provide solutions to mathematical problems in engineering are being produced, and "it is thus increasingly unnecessary for practicing engineers to have a thorough understanding of fundamental mathematical principles". Consequently, in training engineers who will work in industry, less emphasis should be placed on mathematical principles, "so that space in the engineering curriculum will be available for other important subjects".

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first is the second-premise that the argument includes; the second is the conclusion that could be drawn from this passage.
B) The first is the fact that is necessary for this argument; the second is the conclusion that must be drawn from this passage.
C) The first is the part of premise that the argument includes; the second is the inference that could be drawn from this passage.
D) The first is the part of evidence that supports this argument; the second is the inference that could be drawn from this passage.
E) The first is the first conclusion in this argument; the second is the second conclusion in this argument


E
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 29 May 2008, 18:26
"More and more computer programs that provide solutions to mathematical problems in engineering are being produced" is the only premise in the passage. Rest all sentences in passage are conclusions.

In answer choices E is the only one which represents, both bold face as conclusion.
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 29 May 2008, 19:42
E with the same reasoning as abhijit_sen

abhijit_sen wrote:
"More and more computer programs that provide solutions to mathematical problems in engineering are being produced" is the only premise in the passage. Rest all sentences in passage are conclusions.

In answer choices E is the only one which represents, both bold face as conclusion.
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 30 May 2008, 03:47
i was thinking it was D
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 30 May 2008, 08:11
clue: OA is neither D nor E. :)
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 30 May 2008, 15:25
I choose C
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 30 May 2008, 18:08
B?
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 30 May 2008, 20:10
saravalli wrote:
More and more computer programs that provide solutions to mathematical problems in engineering are being produced, and "it is thus increasingly unnecessary for practicing engineers to have a thorough understanding of fundamental mathematical principles". Consequently, in training engineers who will work in industry, less emphasis should be placed on mathematical principles, "so that space in the engineering curriculum will be available for other important subjects".

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first is the second-premise that the argument includes; the second is the conclusion that could be drawn from this passage.
B) The first is the fact that is necessary for this argument; the second is the conclusion that must be drawn from this passage.
C) The first is the part of premise that the argument includes; the second is the inference that could be drawn from this passage.
D) The first is the part of evidence that supports this argument; the second is the inference that could be drawn from this passage.
E) The first is the first conclusion in this argument; the second is the second conclusion in this argument


C

Take a look at the second boldface...
"so that space in the engineering curriculum will be available for other important subjects"
The use of "will be abilable" gives a clue that this boldface is not a conclusion, but rather an inference. Eliminate A, B, E.
Between C and D, I pick C because the first statement is what the author concludes, not an actual evidence. However, it is being use as a premise in this argument.
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 30 May 2008, 20:25
Expert's post
I choose A.

For me, the argument can be presented as [premise][premise][premise][conclusion].
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 31 May 2008, 06:17
OA is C. Thanks :)
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 31 May 2008, 08:47
Expert's post
bkk145 wrote:
The use of "will be abilable" gives a clue that this boldface is not a conclusion, but rather an inference.


I thought that conclusion and inference are just synonyms. Could you explain difference for me.
Thanks in advance!
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 31 May 2008, 09:06
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walker wrote:
bkk145 wrote:
The use of "will be abilable" gives a clue that this boldface is not a conclusion, but rather an inference.


I thought that conclusion and inference are just synonyms. Could you explain difference for me.
Thanks in advance!


To me, inference goes a bit further than the conclusion itself. While conclusion sum up all the premises in the argument, inference takes the conclusion and stretch it a notch further.

Here is the last part of the argument:
(1) Less emphasis should be placed on mathematical principles
(2) so that space in the engineering curriculum will be available for other important subjects.

(1) is the conclusion. (2) uses "will be available", which suggests further of what will happen afterward. Clearly, (2) is the author opinion of what will happen and does not actually relate the premises in the argument. It actually predicts (infer) of what the author thinks will happen.
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface) [#permalink] New post 31 May 2008, 10:02
Expert's post
Thanks!
+1
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Re: CR - computer programs (boldface)   [#permalink] 31 May 2008, 10:02
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