More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which

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More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which [#permalink]

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26 May 2008, 11:04
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More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(A) More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(B) With 20 percent of the world's fresh water, that is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal has more than 300 rivers that drain into it.

(C) Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, it holds more of the world's fresh water than all that of the North American Great Lakes combined, 20 percent.

(D) While more than 300 rivers drain into it, Siberia's lake Baikal holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, which is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(E) More than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water.

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Last edited by Narenn on 25 Sep 2013, 05:49, edited 2 times in total.
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26 May 2008, 11:10
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IMO A is the correct answer.

what is the OA to the question

I can explain how i arrived at the given answer.. if my answer is correct

Thanks
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27 May 2008, 03:58
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I agree with A.
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27 May 2008, 18:32
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jimmyjamesdonkey wrote:
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(A) More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(B) With 20 percent of the world's fresh water, that is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal has more than 300 rivers that drain into it.

(C) Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, it holds more of the world's fresh water than all that of the North American Great Lakes combined, 20 percent.

(D) While more than 300 rivers drain into it, Siberia's lake Baikal holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, which is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(E) More than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water.

A for me
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27 May 2008, 18:36
OA is A, can you explain what is wrong with E.
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10 Dec 2009, 23:47
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I was debating major time between A and E. However, E has the phrase with more than 300 rivers draining into it....GMAt does not prefer the structure in the form of " with ....+Verbing"

Also Lake B can not be more than all the North American Great lakes combined....It is the water in Lake B.
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18 Nov 2011, 17:42
Ooh.. I fell for E.. Thanks for the explanation babyif19 , its certainly a comparison trap. Well explained..
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06 Jan 2012, 03:05
thanks babyif19 for clearly putting it out . I was leaning towards E and can now see the solution clearly .
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06 Apr 2013, 20:57
Hi Sodenso,
Your style of highlighting the incorrect is super cool. Although 'D' is wrong, can you or anyone please explain it to me the correct reasons why 'D' is incorrect.
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19 Sep 2013, 08:33
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jimmyjamesdonkey wrote:
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(A) More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.
.

Hello Experts,
Can someone please explain what the modifier "more than all the North American Great Lakes combined" is modifying? Is it modifying previous modifier or is it modifying the main clause. Of late, I have been seeing such constructions, and really want to understand how such constructions work.

Thanks
Himanshu
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19 Sep 2013, 11:19
jimmyjamesdonkey wrote:
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(A) More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(B) With 20 percent of the world's fresh water, that is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal has more than 300 rivers that drain into it.

(C) Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, it holds more of the world's fresh water than all that of the North American Great Lakes combined, 20 percent.

(D) While more than 300 rivers drain into it, Siberia's lake Baikal holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, which is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

(E) More than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water.

A for me
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20 Sep 2013, 09:43
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imhimanshu wrote:
Hello Experts,
Can someone please explain what the modifier "more than all the North American Great Lakes combined" is modifying? Is it modifying previous modifier or is it modifying the main clause. Of late, I have been seeing such constructions, and really want to understand how such constructions work.

Thanks
Himanshu

Dear Himanshu,
I'm responding to your pm, and I am happy to help.

More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

One way to think about it is: exactly what is "more than all the North American Great Lakes combined"? The Great Lakes, as lakes, are fresh water, so we are comparing them to another quantity of fresh water --- "20 percent of the world's fresh water", a noun phrase that is the object of the the noun-modifying phrase beginning with "more than all ..." Not surprisingly, the modifier touches the noun, in accordance with the Modifier Touch Rule. See this blog for more on that rule:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/modifiers- ... orrection/
While there are exceptions to the Modifier Touch Rule, that's an exactly place to start to look for the noun modified.

Keep in mind that modifiers are a part of what the GMAT calls "Logical Predication" on the the SC ----- in other words, to make sense of whether modifiers are used correctly and what they are modifying, you have to look beyond the grammar of a sentence to the logic & meaning, which are more primary. See this blog for more on that:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/logical-pr ... orrection/

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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13 Dec 2013, 09:31
mikemcgarry wrote:
imhimanshu wrote:
Hello Experts,
Can someone please explain what the modifier "more than all the North American Great Lakes combined" is modifying? Is it modifying previous modifier or is it modifying the main clause. Of late, I have been seeing such constructions, and really want to understand how such constructions work.

Thanks
Himanshu

Dear Himanshu,
I'm responding to your pm, and I am happy to help.

More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

One way to think about it is: exactly what is "more than all the North American Great Lakes combined"? The Great Lakes, as lakes, are fresh water, so we are comparing them to another quantity of fresh water --- "20 percent of the world's fresh water", a noun phrase that is the object of the the noun-modifying phrase beginning with "more than all ..." Not surprisingly, the modifier touches the noun, in accordance with the Modifier Touch Rule. See this blog for more on that rule:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/modifiers- ... orrection/
While there are exceptions to the Modifier Touch Rule, that's an exactly place to start to look for the noun modified.

Keep in mind that modifiers are a part of what the GMAT calls "Logical Predication" on the the SC ----- in other words, to make sense of whether modifiers are used correctly and what they are modifying, you have to look beyond the grammar of a sentence to the logic & meaning, which are more primary. See this blog for more on that:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/logical-pr ... orrection/

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Can u please clarify, What is the main verb in option A? Thanks
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13 Dec 2013, 15:18
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Chiranjeevee wrote:
Can u please clarify, What is the main verb in option A? Thanks

Dear Chiranjeevee,
I'm happy to help.

Here is version (A):
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.
The main subject is "more than 300 rivers", and the main verb is "drain". Everything before the comma is the independent clause of the sentence. After that are just modifiers.
Does this make sense?
Mike
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14 Dec 2013, 16:35
mikemcgarry wrote:
Chiranjeevee wrote:
Can u please clarify, What is the main verb in option A? Thanks

Dear Chiranjeevee,
I'm happy to help.

Here is version (A):
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.
The main subject is "more than 300 rivers", and the main verb is "drain". Everything before the comma is the independent clause of the sentence. After that are just modifiers.
Does this make sense?
Mike

oops! clearly missed that Thanks
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More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2014, 20:44
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

A. More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.
B. With 20 percent of the world's fresh water, that is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal has more than 300 rivers that drain into it.
C. Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, it holds more of the world's fresh water than all that of the North American Great Lakes combined, 20 percent.
D. While more than 300 rivers drain into it, Siberia's Lake Baikal holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, which is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.
E. More than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water.

Hi.

choice B says "Siberia's Lake Baikal has more than 300 rivers that drain into it"

does "the lake has 300 rivers" make sense?
it seems to say that the lake possesses 300 rivers.
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Re: More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2014, 22:27
phammanhhiep wrote:
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

A. More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.
B. With 20 percent of the world's fresh water, that is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal has more than 300 rivers that drain into it.
C. Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, it holds more of the world's fresh water than all that of the North American Great Lakes combined, 20 percent.
D. While more than 300 rivers drain into it, Siberia's Lake Baikal holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, which is more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.
E. More than all the North American Great Lakes combined, Siberia's Lake Baikal, with more than 300 rivers draining into it, holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water.

Hi.

choice B says "Siberia's Lake Baikal has more than 300 rivers that drain into it"

does "the lake has 300 rivers" make sense?
it seems to say that the lake possesses 300 rivers.

In choice B, it seems that lake Baikal has more than 300 hundred rivers. your understanding is correct,
Hence the OA is A

Also please make sure that you search for an existing question first before posting it. This question has already been posted and you might find the answer in the discussion of the question.

Regards,
Ankur
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Re: More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2014, 08:12
Going with the 'cut the fluff' does the sentence makes sense?

More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

Can anyone enlighten me?
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Re: More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2014, 11:50
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TGC wrote:
Going with the 'cut the fluff' does the sentence makes sense?

More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which holds 20 percent of the world's fresh water, more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.
More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal more than all the North American Great Lakes combined.

Can anyone enlighten me?

Dear TGC,
I'm happy to respond.

Simply put, you cut the wrong fluff. The structure of this sentence is:
[independent clause][modifier #1[modifier #2]
and "modifier #2" modifies the words "20 percent" in modifier #1. If we eliminate modifier #1, it doesn't make sense, because what modifier #2 is modifying isn't there!

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2014, 03:57
Can someone plz tell me why E i wrng ?
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Re: More than 300 rivers drain into Siberia's Lake Baikal, which   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2014, 03:57

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