More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number

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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2009, 14:20
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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long overdue
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Vyshak on 01 Aug 2016, 19:34, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2009, 11:55
B...Awarded with is the right idiom...and the pronoun reference error of "which" is removed...
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2009, 23:03
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I'll vote for E. I think "awarded with" is incorrect idiom
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2009, 09:06
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sanoasis wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American
soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue

The core of the sentence reads

[They] were awarded the medal of honor....in recognition of...blah blah blah.

Here we have a "split sentence"--framework #4. The middle phrase "the nation's highest military award" is just a descriptive phrase that describes "Medal of Honor." Taking out this phrase, you have the core of the sentence mentioned above... "[They] were awarded X in recognition of Y" (Look at how much simpler this is to handle than the real question!)

Awarded "the Medal of Honor" is correct and simple.
Awarded "with the Medal of Honor" is unnecessary and more complex.

Notice the phrase "in long overdue recognition"...here "long overdue" is just extra wording...really the idiomatic expression is "in recognition of"---which is used correctly in answer E.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2010, 12:08
I thought that awarded with was the idiom. Could anybody confirm this?
Thanks
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2010, 21:31
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Hi gmatpill

I have a question on the idiom. Isn't "award with" a correct idiom besides "in recognition of"?

thanks

gmatpill wrote:

The core of the sentence reads

[They] were awarded the medal of honor....in recognition of...blah blah blah.

Here we have a "split sentence"--framework #4. The middle phrase "the nation's highest military award" is just a descriptive phrase that describes "Medal of Honor." Taking out this phrase, you have the core of the sentence mentioned above... "[They] were awarded X in recognition of Y" (Look at how much simpler this is to handle than the real question!)

Awarded "the Medal of Honor" is correct and simple.
Awarded "with the Medal of Honor" is unnecessary and more complex.

Notice the phrase "in long overdue recognition"...here "long overdue" is just extra wording...really the idiomatic expression is "in recognition of"---which is used correctly in answer E.

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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 18:41
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hi nusmavrik,

try to think in terms of what is preferred on the GMAT exam, rather than what is technically right or wrong.

On the GMAT, "awarded X" is preferred over "awarded with X"--if you can express one idea well with fewer words, why do it with more?

Having said that, I see "awarded with" in so many publications that it's hard to label them all as "grammatically incorrect."

Don't bother getting yourself into intellectual discussions about the technicalities. Just know that for the GMAT, "awarded X" is preferred. When in doubt, simple is better.

Hope that helps.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2010, 11:40
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I was not sure about the "award with X" or "award X" idiom but was able to stike out the options because of other errors.

More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in - 'was' is incorrect here because the 'Medal of honor' exists in present also.

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue - this sounds as "the nation’s highest military award" is for long overdue recoginition of bravery. Distorts the meaning.

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in - 'was' is incorrect here because the 'Medal of honor' exists in present also.

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue - this sounds as "the nation’s highest military award" is for long overdue recoginition of bravery. Distorts the meaning.

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue - 'the nation’s highest military award' correctly describes 'Medal of Honor' and the 'Medal is in recognition of their bravery'
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2010, 12:12
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sanoasis wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American
soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in
D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue
E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue

Congressional Medal of Honor is the nation's highest military award. So eliminate A,C for that.
the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue means the award is for long overdue recognition whi9ch is wrong. For these soldiers this award was long overdue.

So E is correct
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 19:54
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2014, 07:30
VerbalBot wrote:
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I have read the above responses. I am still not convinced E is the answer. How "in long overdue" clears the meaning ?

American soldiers were awarded X .... in long overdue recognition of their outstanding bravery.

@egmat - can you please explain.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2014, 20:51
anujag24 wrote:
VerbalBot wrote:
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I have read the above responses. I am still not convinced E is the answer. How "in long overdue" clears the meaning ?

American soldiers were awarded X .... in long overdue recognition of their outstanding bravery.

@egmat - can you please explain.

As explained above, the correct structure is

in recognition of....

Long-overdue just act as an adjective modifying 'recognition'. So,

in long-overdue recognition of .....
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2014, 20:52
anujag24 wrote:
VerbalBot wrote:
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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I have read the above responses. I am still not convinced E is the answer. How "in long overdue" clears the meaning ?

American soldiers were awarded X .... in long overdue recognition of their outstanding bravery.

@egmat - can you please explain.

As explained above, the correct structure is

in recognition of....

Long-overdue just act as an adjective modifying 'recognition'. So,

in long-overdue recognition of .....
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2014, 09:50
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2014, 22:40
It is a very good question. But please underline the part - really helps.
'In Recognition' - so within A,C,E. Both in A & C it is stated 'Congressional Medal of Honor, which was' - this past tense doesn't look correct. So by POE answer is E.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2014, 00:31
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

"Awarded with X" is not correct idiom "awarded X" is correct
"in recognition" is correct idiom, "for recognition" is wrong

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
-Wordiness:"Which was" is not wrong but it is unnecessary. "the nation's highest military award" is an appositive and does not require "which was".
-misplaced modifier: another problem in this sentence is "long-overdue". in this sentence we have: "the Congressional Medal of Honor was long overdue"
while "long-overdue" must modify recognition. the African American recognition was long overdue. so, we have misplaced modifier.
- unidiomatic usage: as mentioned above
B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
Sentence fragment

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2014, 00:54
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in - wrong tense "was" - this should be past tense; also second which is wrongly referring to medal of honor

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue - for long over due .. is wrong

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in ... tense error as a (a)

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue - same as (b)

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long overdue - right choice.. the modifier "in long.." correctly conveys the meaning
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2014, 08:38
I am still not able to understand why (E) is correct. How is "in long-overdue" correct?

Thanks.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2015, 19:37
geturdream wrote:
sanoasis wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American
soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in
D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue
E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue

Congressional Medal of Honor is the nation's highest military award. So eliminate A,C for that.
the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue means the award is for long overdue recognition whi9ch is wrong. For these soldiers this award was long overdue.

So E is correct

seekmba and geturdream

Could you please help me understand what has been mentioned in the question on the basis of which we are saying that the medal still exist and we should not use "was" in A and C ? I may look quite novice but I am thinking what if the question is talking about something happened last year. I mean something as below -

More than fifty years after the Second World War, in 2014, a number of African American soldiers were awarded--some of them posthumously--the Congressional Medal of Honor, which until last year was the nation’s highest military award, long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2015, 20:54
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qwerty12321 wrote:
I am still not able to understand why (E) is correct. How is "in long-overdue" correct?

Thanks.

Its not "in long-overdue" that we are looking at, it is "in..recognition", you award something in recognition of something not "for recognition'. Now you can say "for recognizing something" e.g.: A is useful for recognizing B. But when we speak of awards its in recognition of his long service etc.

alokkumargupta
The congressional medal of honor is still the highest military award. The sentence "which until last year was the nation’s highest military award" makes it look like , it was the highest award till last year, but no longer is.

Hope that helps.
Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number   [#permalink] 13 Apr 2015, 20:54

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