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More than five thousand years ago, Chinese scholars

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More than five thousand years ago, Chinese scholars [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 07:03
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

75% (01:30) correct 25% (00:29) wrong based on 55 sessions
More than five thousand years ago, Chinese scholars accurately described the flow of blood as a contin-uous circle controlled by the heart, but it went unnoticed in the West.

(A) but it went
(B) but it was
(C) although it was
(D) but the discovery went
(E) although the discovery was
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: More than five thousand years ago, Chinese [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 08:20
ananthpatri wrote:
why is E wrong?


WHere's the COntrast ?

ALthough needs a contrast.
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Re: More than five thousand years ago, Chinese [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 10:00
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A subtle difference between D and E, not in terms of grammar but in terms of altered intent.
D uses a coordinate conjunction but, while E is using a subordinate conjunction although. A coordinating conjunction is used when both the joined arms have equal importance, here in this case, that the Chinese discovery on one hand and the West’s not noticing it on the other. Both are equally weighed as per the original text. This is the correct treatment of the theme.
However, in E, the west not noticing the discovery is given a subordinate importance, a sort of distortion from the original; That is the reason E is considered inappropriate.
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Re: More than five thousand years ago, Chinese scholars [#permalink] New post 28 Aug 2012, 21:12
More than five thousand years ago, Chinese scholars accurately described the flow of blood as a contin-uous circle controlled by the heart, but it went unnoticed in the West.

(A) but it went – Is is ambiguous . It can refer to continous circle or the flow.
(B) but it was – Same as A.
(C) although it was – same as A
(D) but the discovery went – Correct.
(E) although the discovery was – We want to bring out the difference. Hence we should use But.
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Re: More than five thousand years ago, Chinese scholars [#permalink] New post 28 Aug 2012, 22:05
in SC , we should maintain the meaning in original question (choice A).
D does the job well while E uses although of which provides contrast meaning in the following clause (but it's actually no contrasting clause, the following clause is just additional information)
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Re: More than five thousand years ago, Chinese [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2012, 06:51
daagh wrote:
A subtle difference between D and E, not in terms of grammar but in terms of altered intent.
D uses a coordinate conjunction but, while E is using a subordinate conjunction although. A coordinating conjunction is used when both the joined arms have equal importance, here in this case, that the Chinese discovery on one hand and the West’s not noticing it on the other. Both are equally weighed as per the original text. This is the correct treatment of the theme.
However, in E, the west not noticing the discovery is given a subordinate importance, a sort of distortion from the original; That is the reason E is considered inappropriate.


Can you please give more details on the Coordinate COnjunction and Subordinate conjunction. When and where to use these?
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Re: More than five thousand years ago, Chinese [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2012, 15:16
Expert's post
jitgoel wrote:
Can you please give more details on the Coordinate COnjunction and Subordinate conjunction. When and where to use these?


Generalizing is probably not the best way to learn this. The difference is meaning.

(E) means that the discovery went unnoticed in the West, but Chinese scholars accurately described the flow of blood anyway. In (E), the West's failure to notice actually interfered with the Chinese scholars' ability to describe blood flow.

(D) means that Chinese scholars accurately described blood flow, and we would expect the West to notice this discovery, but surprisingly they did not.

So in this case, "although" gives us preconditions that were overcome, while "but" gives us a surprising result. We want the latter, so (D) is the answer.
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Re: More than five thousand years ago, Chinese   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2012, 15:16
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