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Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the top and

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Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the top and [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2012, 13:36
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Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the top and back of the head, but little or no protection for the temple regions on the sides of the head. A study of head injuries resulting from bicycle accidents showed that a large proportion were caused by blows to the temple area. Therefore, if bicycle helmets protected this area, the risk of serious head injury in bicycle accidents would be greatly reduced, especially since ______________ .

Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

(A) among the bicyclists included in the study's sample of head injuries, only a very small proportion had been wearing a helmet at the time of their accident

(B) even those bicyclists who regularly wear helmets have a poor understanding of the degree and kind of protection that helmets afford

(C) a helmet that included protection for the temples would have to be somewhat larger and heavier than current helmets

(D) the bone in the temple area is relatively thin and impacts in that area are thus very likely to cause brain injury

(E) bicyclists generally land on their arm or shoulder when they fall to the side, which reduces the likelihood of severe impacts on the side of the head
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2012, 13:54
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(A) among the bicyclists included in the study's sample of head injuries, only a very small proportion had been wearing a helmet at the time of their accident
" not wearing" of helmet is not into consideration

(B) even those bicyclists who regularly wear helmets have a poor understanding of the degree and kind of protection that helmets afford
bicyclist need not know about all that because it is mentioned that " .....helmets provide good protection for the top and back of the head..."


(C) a helmet that included protection for the temples would have to be somewhat larger and heavier than current helmets
still, the larger shape and heavier weight will not serve the purpose and does not ensure the safety of the temple.

(D) the bone in the temple area is relatively thin and impacts in that area are thus very likely to cause brain injury
the temple bone is sophisticated enough to get hurt - correct !

(E) bicyclists generally land on their arm or shoulder when they fall to the side, which reduces the likelihood of severe impacts on the side of the head
doesn't not ensure safety and this is not the case in general
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Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2012, 07:04
I was confused b/w b and d . . it can be b as cyclists are unaware of this and they cannot protect themselves at the riskier part.

d bcz brain injury might be more serious than other injuries but no where mentioned in passage.

both require some leap ahead of whats stated and/or implied . . m still confused on why d and not b
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Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2012, 22:25
Between D and E , i picked E , can some one explain how to eliminate E??
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Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2012, 00:52
crackHSW wrote:
Between D and E , i picked E , can some one explain how to eliminate E??


If the motorcycle rider land on their arm or shoulder when they fall, then there is reduced chance of severe impacts on the temple area and so the no. of injuries is less in temple area in motorcycle accidents.

so, there is no need for the protection of temple area.
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Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the top and [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2012, 06:46
I chose B..will anyone explain..y not B?? HOW D IS CORRECT?
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Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the top and [#permalink] New post 12 Oct 2012, 23:09
For such questions it is imperative that one understands the reasoning in the argument.
Argument says - Helmets does not provide enough protection for temple region of the head and a study says that most injuries to cyclists are caused by injuries in temple area.

We need to complete the argument - "Therefore, if bicycle helmets protected this area, the risk of serious head injury in bicycle accidents would be greatly reduced, especially since ______________ ."

Now it is important to understand what is required out of us to complete - we need to complete the statement that could justify that if temple area is protected, risk of head injury will greatly reduce and this completion part needs to strengthen this reasoning.

As in (B) says - " even those bicyclists who regularly wear helmets have a poor understanding of the degree and kind of protection that helmets afford"

This statement conveying that bikers have a poor understanding of the helmet protection - now to think here is how just having a poor understanding of helmet protection can Strengthen what we require to fill in the blank.

It doesn't.

(D) on the other hand - by stating that temple area has a soft bone, Surely strengthens that helmet protection needs to be better for temple area.

Hope it HELPS.


sanjoo wrote:
I chose B..will anyone explain..y not B?? HOW D IS CORRECT?

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Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the top and [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2013, 21:35
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Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2014, 05:01
PUNEETSCHDV wrote:
I was confused b/w b and d . . it can be b as cyclists are unaware of this and they cannot protect themselves at the riskier part.

d bcz brain injury might be more serious than other injuries but no where mentioned in passage.

both require some leap ahead of whats stated and/or implied . . m still confused on why d and not b


Hello Puneet,
The argument suggests that "serious injuries" to the head will decrease substantially if the temple region is protected by helmets.
To complete the argument we need a corroborative evidence that says "yes, injuries to the temple causes serious head injuries and preventing this will lower serious injury rates"
Option D does just his by showing that injuries to the temple region of the head can be quite serious.
Option B though talks about bicyclists having a poor understanding of the degree and kind of protection that helmets afford- this has no bearing to the fact that protecting the temple region will cause reduction in serious injuries.

Therefore Option D is relevant, option B isn't.
Hope that helps,
Ajeeth
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Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the top and [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2014, 10:06
Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

(A) among the bicyclists included in the study's sample of head injuries, only a very small proportion had been wearing a helmet at the time of their accident...right now we are focusing only on temple injuries.... hence incorrect...

(B) even those bicyclists who regularly wear helmets have a poor understanding of the degree and kind of protection that helmets afford...Understanding does'nt matter....INCORRECT....

(C) a helmet that included protection for the temples would have to be somewhat larger and heavier than current helmets....WE ARE'NT worried about size...incorrect

(D) the bone in the temple area is relatively thin and impacts in that area are thus very likely to cause brain injury...correct....completes the sentence perfectly...

(E) bicyclists generally land on their arm or shoulder when they fall to the side, which reduces the likelihood of severe impacts on the side of the head,...irrelevant...
Re: Most bicycle helmets provide good protection for the top and   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2014, 10:06
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