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Most editors of literature consider it their main duty to

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Most editors of literature consider it their main duty to [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2013, 15:07
Most editors of literature consider it their main duty to present the text as the writer intended. This sounds simple, but putting aside the question of how the author's intentions can be known, it is not necessarily clear what is meant by author's intentions. The actual cases are so diverse that one cannot formulate universal rules for an editor. Sometimes authors have been pressured to alter their work. The publisher of the first edition of The Red Badge of Courage mollified Stephen Crane's uncompromising depiction of the horrors of war. The publisher of the first edition of Women in Love toned down some of D.H. Lawrence's explicit sexual passages. In both cases, the changes were "authorized" in the sense that the authors accepted the. But them, it was either that or not see their work published at all. Did they then accept the, freely, and if not, do the changes represent the authors' intentions? Most readers recognize the importance of punctuation to an author's individual style. Yet punctuation is what publishers traditionally feel most free to alter; first editions tend to present the publisher's "house style" rather than the author's own punctuation. The obvious course for an editor is to return to the author's manuscript, where possible. But publishing-house re-punctuation is so routine that some authors seem to have counted on it for the correct punctuation of their work; in such cases, the manuscript would contain punctuation (or a lack thereof) that the author did not intend to be reproduced in print.

Jane Eyre provides an interesting quandary for an editor. We have Charlotte Bronte's original manuscript. We also have a letter from her publisher, thanking him for correcting her punctuation. Which punctuation is more authentically "Brontean": Bronte's own, or that which Bronte explicitly preferred to her own? The thorniest situation of all, perhaps, involves authorial revision made long after publication. For example, W.H. Auden altered his earlier poems to accord with his later political and religious opinions. One fancies that the young Auden would have been furious at the old Auden's liberties. Yet both are Auden - which has greater authority?

Which of the following can be inferred about the text of Jane Eyre from the passage?

(A) An edition that followed the punctuation of the manuscript would be too hard to read.
(B) The punctuation of the first edition misrepresents the intentions of the author.
(C) The punctuation of the manuscript has the advantage of being the author's own.
(D) The author made a mistake by allowing her publisher to correct her punctuation.
(E) The author did not expect the publisher to correct her punctuation.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C: This is true based on the information in the passage. We know that there is a manuscript which has been unaltered from Charlotte Bronte.


It can be inferred that the author would regard which of the following as potentially a legitimate basis for a new edition of a literary work?

1: An author's original manuscript
2: A first edition incorporating the publisher's revisions
3: A second edition thoroughly amended by the author.

(A) 1 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1 and 2 only
(D) 1 and 3 only
(E) 1, 2 and 3

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
E


Which of the following situations would the author probably say presents the least difficult decision for an editor?

(A) Pope rewrote The Dunciad, directing the satire against a completely different person
(B) Dickens changed the ending of Great Expectations at a friend's suggestion
(C) Dickinson's poems are preserved only in her own oddly-punctuated manuscripts
(D) Whitman printed Leaves of Grass himself
(E) Because of his blindness, Joyce had difficultly proofreading Ulysses

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D is correct because Whitman controls the publication of the manuscript from start to end.



I'm having a lot of trouble understanding the last one; if someone could explain why C/E are wrong, that would be great. In my opinion, E is not bad, because since Joyce had difficulty proofreading his work, as an editor, it is clear that we should do the proofreading. To me, 'printed' is unclear to me, so I don't know how to choose D.

The second question is also a little fuzzy for me, because the author of the passage states that (II) and (III) are tricky situations; so is the trick here to take the word 'potentially' in the question stem very lightly? I mean, obviously anything is "potentially" legitimate...
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Re: Most editors of literature consider it their main duty to [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2013, 10:05
Expert's post
As premises:

the passage ir quite ackward with a lot of shifts that me too had difficulties to understand and to put in a clear framwork. As a matter of fact, for me is not a good passage though, generally speaking, Kaplan is a must for the gmat preparation, at least in RC.

It can be inferred that the author would regard which of the following as potentially a legitimate basis for a new edition of a literary work?

1: An author's original manuscript in genral, the passage points out just this: the review of the original authpor's work
2: A first edition incorporating the publisher's revisions In the first paragraph you have 2 examples on how the first edition is modified
3: A second edition thoroughly amended by the author.
Quote:
The obvious course for an editor is to return to the author's manuscript, where possible


(A) 1 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1 and 2 only
(D) 1 and 3 only
(E) 1, 2 and 3


Which of the following situations would the author probably say presents the least difficult decision for an editor?

(A) Pope rewrote The Dunciad, directing the satire against a completely different person
(B) Dickens changed the ending of Great Expectations at a friend's suggestion
(C) Dickinson's poems are preserved only in her own oddly-punctuated manuscripts
(D) Whitman printed Leaves of Grass himself The only reason is that the main point of the argument is the revison of a work. the question ask for the least...so is like a CR question in which you have to find the question that weaken or else the argument EXCEPT
(E) Because of his blindness, Joyce had difficultly proofreading Ulysses


I would suggest you do not spend too much time to think about this passage and to move on for a better passage (even by kaplan) or other reliable sources

regards
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Re: Most editors of literature consider it their main duty to   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2013, 10:05
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Most editors of literature consider it their main duty to

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