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Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget [#permalink]
10 Feb 2005, 07:43
0% (00:00) correct
100% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions
Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced each year. (A) mandate that the state budget be balanced (B) mandate the state budget to be balanced (C) mandate that the state budget will be balanced (D) have a mandate for a balanced state budget (E) have a mandate to balance the state budget
When mandate is used as a verb to mean "make it mandatory,' it must be followed by that and a verb in the subjunctive mood, as in A, the best answer: mandate that x be balanced. Choice B uses the ungrammatical mandate x to be balanced. Choice C inappropriately uses the future indicative, will be, rather than the subjunctive. Choices D and E use wordy and imprecise expressions in place of the verb mandate: neither have a mandate for a balanced... budget nor have a mandate to balance the ... budget makes clear that the requirement is made by the constitution. It is also unclear in D whether each year refers to the mandating or the balancing.
[quote="HongHu"]Wow, that was a great (and long) post.
Are all the points in his post correct? For example, do we say
"One of the students are female"? (his point 15)[/quote]
No. It should read: "One of the students IS female." This is because "of the students" is a prepositional phrase, which means that it's (theoretically) unnecessary. If you removed it, you would have the subject (one), the verb (is), and the object of the verb (female). You can't say "one are female," so it should say, "one (of the students) is female."