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Musical composers have generally made their most significant

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Musical composers have generally made their most significant [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2008, 12:50
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Musical composers have generally made their most significant contributions to the musical canon before they reached the age of thirty. It is commonly believed that this is the case because aging brings about a loss of cognitive ability and creative capacity. However, a study pointed out that a disproportionately large number of those composers who made their most significant contributions to the canon after the age of thirty became musicians at an older age than is generally the case. Since by the age of thirty many composers have been engaged as musicians for a decade or more, these findings suggest that the real reason why musicians over thirty rarely make significant contributions to the musical canon is not that they have aged but rather that they have spent too much time as musicians.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an explanation that is challenged by the argument; the second is a finding used to support that explanation.
B. The first is an explanation that the argument opposes; the second is an objection raised against the alternative explanation advocated by the argument.
C. The first is a claim advanced in support of a position; the second is a finding that clarifies that position.
D. The first is an explanation advocated by the argument; the second is a finding used to challenge that explanation.
E. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2008, 13:00
E is the right answer. The first phrase is an explanation which is challenged, the second one is a finding that supports the challenge.
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2008, 16:16
Another E. OA pls?
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2008, 20:17
The first bold face (Premise or an explanation): aging brings about a loss of cognitive ability and creative capacity.
The second bold face: premise

Conclusion: The real reason why musicians over thirty rarely make significant contributions to the musical canon is not that they have aged but rather that they have spent too much time as musicians.

A. The first is an explanation that is challenged by the argument; the second is a finding used to support that explanation. (Eliminate it – the second is not supporting the explanation)
B. The first is an explanation that the argument opposes; the second is an objection raised against the alternative explanation advocated by the argument. (Eliminate it – The second is not alternative explanation)
C. The first is a claim advanced in support of a position; the second is a finding that clarifies that position. (Eliminate it – The first is not clam)
D. The first is an explanation advocated by the argument; the second is a finding used to challenge that explanation. (Hold it)
E. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based. (The second is not explanation on which argument depends – Eliminate it)

Answer: D
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2008, 20:22
Vote for E.
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2008, 20:30
E for me.
OA?
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2008, 22:00
A. The first is an explanation that is challenged by the argument; the second is a finding used to support that explanation.
B. The first is an explanation that the argument opposes; the second is an objection raised against the alternative explanation advocated by the argument.
C. The first is a claim advanced in support of a position; the second is a finding that clarifies that position.
D. The first is an explanation advocated by the argument; the second is a finding used to challenge that explanation.
E. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.[/quote]


The authors conclude the argument by saying that "that the real reason why musicians over thirty rarely make significant contributions to the musical canon is not that they have aged but rather that they have spent too much time as musicians", thus he challenges the sentence:aging brings about a loss of cognitive ability and creative capacity. His opposition is based on the findings of the study which are discussed later. only E follow this pattern and thus is best.
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2008, 15:10
Excellent analysis

The OA is E

marcodonzelli wrote:
A. The first is an explanation that is challenged by the argument; the second is a finding used to support that explanation.
B. The first is an explanation that the argument opposes; the second is an objection raised against the alternative explanation advocated by the argument.
C. The first is a claim advanced in support of a position; the second is a finding that clarifies that position.
D. The first is an explanation advocated by the argument; the second is a finding used to challenge that explanation.
E. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.



The authors conclude the argument by saying that "that the real reason why musicians over thirty rarely make significant contributions to the musical canon is not that they have aged but rather that they have spent too much time as musicians", thus he challenges the sentence:aging brings about a loss of cognitive ability and creative capacity. His opposition is based on the findings of the study which are discussed later. only E follow this pattern and thus is best.[/quote]
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2008, 04:27
D for me.
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2008, 04:45
E should be the answer
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2008, 04:52
Expert's post
E

D. The first is an explanation advocated by the argument; the second is a finding used to challenge that explanation.

I think the fist is an explanation that the argument challenges rather than advocated by the argument.
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Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2008, 06:00
clearly E)
Re: CR - Boldface Musical composers   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2008, 06:00
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