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n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integer

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n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integer [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2010, 17:15
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n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive. If k is a multiple of 1440, then the smallest possible value of n is

A. 8
B. 12
C. 16
D. 18
E. 24
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: property of Integers [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2010, 17:28
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shrive555 wrote:
n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive. If k is a multiple of 1440, then the smallest possible value of n is

8
12
16
18
24

please share your method. Thanks



k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive --> k=n!;

k is a multiple of 1440 --> n!=1440*p=2^5*3^2*5*p, for some integer p --> n! must have at least 2 in power 5, 3 in power 2 and 5 as its factors. Now, 7!=2*3*(2^2)*5*(2*3)*7=2^4*3^2*5*7 not enough power of 2 --> next #: 8!=2*3*(2^2)*5*(2*3)*7*(2^3)=2^7*3^2*5*7=1440*(2^2*7) --> so lowest value of n is 8.

Answer: A (8).
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Re: property of Integers [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2010, 17:35
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shrive555 wrote:
n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive. If k is a multiple of 1440, then the smallest possible value of n is

8
12
16
18
24

please share your method. Thanks


When we say k is the product of all integers from 1 to n, we mean k = n!
Now 1440 = 1.2.3.4.5.6.2
Now if k is a multiple of 1440, it has to be at least 8!. This is so because it cannot be 6! due to the extra 2 factor at the end; it cannot be 7! either, again because the extra 2 in the end will be unaccounted for.
If k = 8! = 1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8, then k = 1440*7*4 i.e. k will be a multiple of 1440.
Answer A
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Re: property of Integers [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2010, 18:52
Got it
Thanks B !! :)
Thanks Karisham
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Re: property of Integers [#permalink] New post 06 Nov 2010, 09:53
Took me 0:37 to do 1440x2 and divide that by the smallest choice to see if it fit. 2880/8=360, so A.

(I know my methods are unorthodox, but what can you do.)
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Re: property of Integers [#permalink] New post 06 Nov 2010, 10:36
rockzom,
but if the first answer is not the correct one, you'll have to divide with all the 5 answer choices. Then it will take you more than 37 seconds...
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Re: property of Integers [#permalink] New post 07 Nov 2010, 07:37
rockzom wrote:
Took me 0:37 to do 1440x2 and divide that by the smallest choice to see if it fit. 2880/8=360, so A.

(I know my methods are unorthodox, but what can you do.)


'Unorthodox' is one way of putting it. :)

I'm not sure I understand why you've done what you did, but we're not looking here for the smallest answer choice which divides some multiple of 1440; it's coincidence that you get the right answer if you try that. If '4' or '5' had instead been the first answer choice, you'd find that 2880/4 or 2880/5 is an integer, but those aren't correct answers to the question. There's a reason Bunuel and Karishma carried out the steps they did.
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Re: property of Integers [#permalink] New post 07 Nov 2010, 19:28
i have problem in integer..please can anyone help me
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Re: property of Integers [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2010, 07:21
annie89 wrote:
i have problem in integer..please can anyone help me


Read Number Theory topic in Math Book of Gmat Club. That's a wonderful book. you can find the link in ' Bunel's ' signature. well let me make it more easy for you. here is link

http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-math-book-87417.html

Best of luck
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Re: the smallest possible value of n [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2012, 22:08
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kapsycumm wrote:
n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive.
If k is a multiple of 1440, then the smallest possible value of n is

A. 8
B. 12
C. 16
D. 18
E. 24


K= multiple of 1440 ie product of some integer P X 1440. &
K= n! = 1.2.3.4......n

Now lets factorize 1440 = 12 * 12 * 10
Now my objective is to find this multiple 12*12*10 with min possible numbers in n!. Lets go on now......
n= 1*2*(3*4)*5*6*7*8(4 X 2)
Hence 8! is sufficient to get a multiple of 12*12*10

Hence Answer A.
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Re: the smallest possible value of n [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2012, 23:29
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kapsycumm wrote:
n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive.
If k is a multiple of 1440, then the smallest possible value of n is

A. 8
B. 12
C. 16
D. 18
E. 24


Factorizing 1440, we get 2^5 * 3^2 * 5^1

So, k should have at least five 2s, two 3s and one 5.

a) 8! = 2*3*4*5*6*7*8. Above condition is satisfied. Hence answer is A
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Re: n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integer [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2014, 20:47
Hi Bunuel,
I have a question here. I use the same method as you --> finding the prime factors and its power. But I didn't go through checking the answer choice in the factorial step. I only add the powers together 5+2+1 and I got 8. So, I'm not sure if this method correct or I just got it correct by luck...
Thanks for your help in advance.
:) :)

Bunuel wrote:
shrive555 wrote:
n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive. If k is a multiple of 1440, then the smallest possible value of n is

8
12
16
18
24

please share your method. Thanks



k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive --> k=n!;

k is a multiple of 1440 --> n!=1440*p=2^5*3^2*5*p, for some integer p --> n! must have at least 2 in power 5, 3 in power 2 and 5 as its factors. Now, 7!=2*3*(2^2)*5*(2*3)*7=2^4*3^2*5*7 not enough power of 2 --> next #: 8!=2*3*(2^2)*5*(2*3)*7*(2^3)=2^7*3^2*5*7=1440*(2^2*7) --> so lowest value of n is 8.

Answer: A (8).
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Re: n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integer [#permalink] New post 23 Jul 2014, 01:20
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nueyada wrote:
Hi Bunuel,
I have a question here. I use the same method as you --> finding the prime factors and its power. But I didn't go through checking the answer choice in the factorial step. I only add the powers together 5+2+1 and I got 8. So, I'm not sure if this method correct or I just got it correct by luck...
Thanks for your help in advance.
:) :)

Bunuel wrote:
shrive555 wrote:
n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive. If k is a multiple of 1440, then the smallest possible value of n is

8
12
16
18
24

please share your method. Thanks



k is the product of all integers from 1 to n inclusive --> k=n!;

k is a multiple of 1440 --> n!=1440*p=2^5*3^2*5*p, for some integer p --> n! must have at least 2 in power 5, 3 in power 2 and 5 as its factors. Now, 7!=2*3*(2^2)*5*(2*3)*7=2^4*3^2*5*7 not enough power of 2 --> next #: 8!=2*3*(2^2)*5*(2*3)*7*(2^3)=2^7*3^2*5*7=1440*(2^2*7) --> so lowest value of n is 8.

Answer: A (8).


No, that's not correct. You got the correct answer by fluke.
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COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: n is a positive integer, and k is the product of all integer   [#permalink] 23 Jul 2014, 01:20
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