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Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73

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Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2013, 17:28
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

75% (01:09) correct 25% (02:37) wrong based on 16 sessions

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I was able to narrow down B & E because of the past tense meaning. I incorrectly selected E. The OG says "for facing" < "to face"...but I'd like to explore this further and my reasoning. I didn't see anything about this on e-gmat.

Aside from idiomatic reasons..."for facing" is a [for verb-ing] vs [to verb] modifier. I think of it as "for what" vs " in order to" - In choice B, the Neaderthals were equipped in order toface any obstacles in their path. This makes more sense meaning wise to me.

Is there parallelism in B between "to have been" and "to face"? I believe "to face" is a verb modifier...and I know a verb can't be parallel with a non verb, but I thought I'd ask if this help make B > E.

Thanks,
Al




Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.


(B) appear to have been equipped to face any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,


(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2013, 23:39
EasyAL43 wrote:
I was able to narrow down B & E because of the past tense meaning. I incorrectly selected E. The OG says "for facing" < "to face"...but I'd like to explore this further and my reasoning. I didn't see anything about this on e-gmat.

Aside from idiomatic reasons..."for facing" is a [for verb-ing] vs [to verb] modifier. I think of it as "for what" vs " in order to" - In choice B, the Neaderthals were equipped in order toface any obstacles in their path. This makes more sense meaning wise to me.

Is there parallelism in B between "to have been" and "to face"? I believe "to face" is a verb modifier...and I know a verb can't be parallel with a non verb, but I thought I'd ask if this help make B > E.

Thanks,
Al




Combining enormous physical strength with higher
intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for
facing any obstacle the environment could put in their
path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during
the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt
to some environmental change led to their extinction.


(B) appear to have been equipped to face any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,


(E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any
obstacle the environment could put in their path,

I would like to bring up a second difference:

That between appear and appeared. In the case of E appeared is in the past tense and does not match the present tense of indicates. For that reason I would choose B over E. To answer your question about idioms, I would rarely use equipped for... anything. the better idiom is equipped to do something.
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 14:08
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Hi Alexander,

Here goes the answer to your question:

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.


Neanderthals existed in the past. They do not exist anymore. But the way this sentence has been written, it suggests that they still exist. They “appear” as equipped…. This is the flaw in this sentence. We need a verb that suggests that Neanderthals are extinct.


Now let’s see the sentence with the correct answer choice:


Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.


This choice corrects the verb tense error in the original sentence. Verb phrase “appear to have been equipped” correctly suggests that Neanderthals when alive were equipped to face any environmental problem. They were equipped at that time.


If choice B were worded as “appear to be equipped to face…”, it would be incorrect because again it would convey the same meaning as Choice A.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 14:56
egmat wrote:
Image


Hi Alexander,

Here goes the answer to your question:

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.


Neanderthals existed in the past. They do not exist anymore. But the way this sentence has been written, it suggests that they still exist. They “appear” as equipped…. This is the flaw in this sentence. We need a verb that suggests that Neanderthals are extinct.


Now let’s see the sentence with the correct answer choice:


Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.


This choice corrects the verb tense error in the original sentence. Verb phrase “appear to have been equipped” correctly suggests that Neanderthals when alive were equipped to face any environmental problem. They were equipped at that time.


If choice B were worded as “appear to be equipped to face…”, it would be incorrect because again it would convey the same meaning as Choice A.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha



Thanks Shraddha...it does help. Can you comment on my question regarding:

..."for facing" is a [for verb-ing] vs [to verb] modifier. I think of it as "for what" vs " in order to" - In choice B, the Neaderthals were equipped in order toface any obstacles in their path
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 15:07
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Hi Alexander,

Yes, your analysis about "for verb-ing" and "to verb" is correct. The former shows some relation between the main verb and the "for verb-ing" while the latter is used to show the purpose of the previous action.

However, as I have already mentioned in my above post, even if in Choice B, use of "to face" is correct, it has a very glaring verb tense error. The verb tense error is graver than the "for verb-ing" Vs. "to verb". Hence, we reject Choice B right away.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 18:20
egmat wrote:
Image


Hi Alexander,

Yes, your analysis about "for verb-ing" and "to verb" is correct. The former shows some relation between the main verb and the "for verb-ing" while the latter is used to show the purpose of the previous action.

However, as I have already mentioned in my above post, even if in Choice B, use of "to face" is correct, it has a very glaring verb tense error. The verb tense error is graver than the "for verb-ing" Vs. "to verb". Hence, we reject Choice B right away.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha





Another question from this example is about " perfect infinitive" after reading posts on the internal forum. I tried searching for the thread where you discuss it, because it was the first time I learned about it so far in the program. Could you post the link to that thread or any other articles about it? " It expresses events prior to the other main verb" is what I wrote done. It sounds similar to past perfect tense.

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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2013, 22:49
egmat wrote:
Image


Hi Alexander,

Here goes the answer to your question:

Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.


Neanderthals existed in the past. They do not exist anymore. But the way this sentence has been written, it suggests that they still exist. They “appear” as equipped…. This is the flaw in this sentence. We need a verb that suggests that Neanderthals are extinct.


Now let’s see the sentence with the correct answer choice:


Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.


This choice corrects the verb tense error in the original sentence. Verb phrase “appear to have been equipped” correctly suggests that Neanderthals when alive were equipped to face any environmental problem. They were equipped at that time.


If choice B were worded as “appear to be equipped to face…”, it would be incorrect because again it would convey the same meaning as Choice A.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha,
Could you please explain why D is wrong? You've mentioned 'We need a verb that suggests that Neanderthals are extinct.', so per this, I think D also shows that 'Neanderthals are extinct'...!

Please explain.
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2014, 00:42
there are only two pattern with "appear"

it appear that he is good, "it" is a fake subject

sb/st appear to do/to have done.

that is all about "appear"

this is purely idiom problem and should be memorized
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2016, 10:55
appear to have been equipped is a past perfect tense. We do not need to show a sequencing here, then why do we use this?
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2016, 04:22
siddharthkakkar wrote:
appear to have been equipped is a past perfect tense. We do not need to show a sequencing here, then why do we use this?


"Have been" is present perfect, not past perfect. Hence sequencing of two past events is not required in this case.

Moreover, here "have been" is not a verb at all but an infinitive. The simple past form of a verb cannot be used within an infinitive and a present perfect serves the purpose to depict a past occurrence, especially when the infinitive (depicting a past event) is linked to a verb in present tense ("appear"). Hence instead of "to be equipped", "to have been equipped" is used.
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73 [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2016, 05:26
siddharthkakkar wrote:
appear to have been equipped is a past perfect tense. We do not need to show a sequencing here, then why do we use this?

Hi Siddharth, as sayantanc2k has correctly mentioned, the usage here is not have been but to have been.

This is called perfect infinitive. The perfect infinitive always indicates that its action happened before the action of the main verb of the clause. Perfect Infinitive are very flexible and can act as present perfect, past perfect, or (in some rare cases) simple past tense.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Perfect Infinitive, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Neaderthal appear as equipped...OG12 #73   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2016, 05:26
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