Neanderthals : GMAT Verbal Section
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# Neanderthals

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Director
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22 Mar 2005, 21:30
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Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's apes' would have been better
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apesâ€™
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

I know this has been posted before, there is an important concept here, so, plz be sure to state your reasoning. Thanks
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22 Mar 2005, 21:45
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(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apesâ€™
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

(A), (E) - vocal tract is singular, while the original sentence uses a plural pronoun to refer to it.
(B) - participle 'resembling' is in the wrong tense (had is past tense)

Between C and D, i'll go with (C). The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's vocal tracts.
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22 Mar 2005, 21:47
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praveen_rao7 wrote:
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's apes' would have been better
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apesâ€™
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

I know this has been posted before, there is an important concept here, so, plz be sure to state your reasoning. Thanks

I'm not sure. I would pick A.
It's Neanderthals rather than tracts had no languages.
C,D,E out
(A)(B) I would prefer to reserve 'that'.
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22 Mar 2005, 21:52

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Praveen

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22 Mar 2005, 21:54

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22 Mar 2005, 22:59
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Same logic as chunjuwu

the sentence has to begin with "Neanderthals' because it will be the subject of "were probably without language" so it is between A and B.

I choose A
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22 Mar 2005, 23:23
sorry, should be (E)

(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

The vocal tracts of Neanderthals --> match with those (vocal tracts) of the apes...
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22 Mar 2005, 23:46
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praveen_rao7 wrote:
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's apes' would have been better
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apesâ€™
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

I know this has been posted before, there is an important concept here, so, plz be sure to state your reasoning. Thanks

I go with B - had the same reasoning as Paul's ( in A those is ambiguous and in the rest, we need to focus on the second part of the sentence "and so were probably without language" so, the subject of the sentence should be Neanderthals ..C,D,E have vocal tracts as the subject)
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22 Mar 2005, 23:56
Vithal, it's nice to refer to Paul's reasoning but I think he hasn't posted anything (at least until now)

ywilfred, I agree with you but in my opinion there is "THAT" in A so the vocal tract can still be linked with those if the apes...
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23 Mar 2005, 00:08
Antmavel wrote:
Vithal, it's nice to refer to Paul's reasoning but I think he hasn't posted anything (at least until now)

ywilfred, I agree with you but in my opinion there is "THAT" in A so the vocal tract can still be linked with those if the apes...

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... ocal+tract
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23 Mar 2005, 01:20
Thanks for the link Vithal, now I understand where Paul was coming from

Concerning the question, Paul explained it very well. I had hesitation between A and B but I couldn't really see the big difference. I didn't notice the use of plural in A. Great question.
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23 Mar 2005, 15:32
Guys

Problem I see with choice B is that

" Neanderthals had a vocal track" doesn't this mean all Neanderthals had just one vocal track?. How could that be true?

In my opinion this could be possible only if they are part of "the borg" in startrek" and not in real life??
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23 Mar 2005, 16:39
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that's funny.
This is probably the best exaple of looking for the best answer instead of looking for the perfect one.
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23 Mar 2005, 16:49
polinayurr wrote:
that's funny.
This is probably the best exaple of looking for the best answer instead of looking for the perfect one.

the gmat will never get you to look for the perfect answer all the time. Sometimes it's the best answer. In fact, best answer is what they preach in their directions for each section.
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23 Mar 2005, 17:04
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I am confused, is "A" wrong becose of ambigous "those" or is it becose vocal tract is singular and those is plural....if we alter the sentence, wudn't this sentence be correct ?

Neanderthals had vocal tracts that resembled those of the apes
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23 Mar 2005, 17:22
praveen_rao7 wrote:
Guys

Problem I see with choice B is that

" Neanderthals had a vocal track" doesn't this mean all Neanderthals had just one vocal track?. How could that be true?

In my opinion this could be possible only if they are part of "the borg" in startrek" and not in real life??

I had the idea that each mammal (including humans) had only 1 vocal tract. I didn't know you need a couple to make different sounds. I don't think the GMAT would assume you to know it too
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23 Mar 2005, 17:44
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(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes

those should refer to a plural subject. Here vocal tract is singular. Wrong.

Guys, you should know the use of that and those for comparison cold. Please read the end of the following thread that explains the use of that and those and the use of posessives.

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=14583

Once you understand, you will never make this mistake again! You can thank me later

(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
OK. If we are referring to part of species/group/class it is OK to say that in singular or in plural.

All cars have a steering wheel -> perfectly OK

(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's
This part is correct, but the second part needs Neanderthals to be the subject
"and so were probably without language" Here were refers to vocal tracts, it should refer to Neanderthals.
Wrong.

(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apesâ€™

Same problem as above ->were in the second part refers to vocal tracts, it should refer to Neanderthals.
Wrong

(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes
Same problem as above ->were in the second part refers to vocal tracts, it should refer to Neanderthals.
Wrong
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23 Mar 2005, 18:12
nocilis wrote:
(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes

those should refer to a plural subject. Here vocal tract is singular. Wrong.

Guys, you should know the use of that and those for comparison cold. Please read the end of the following thread that explains the use of that and those and the use of posessives.

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=14583

Once you understand, you will never make this mistake again! You can thank me later

(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
OK. If we are referring to part of species/group/class it is OK to say that in singular or in plural.

All cars have a steering wheel -> perfectly OK

(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's
This part is correct, but the second part needs Neanderthals to be the subject
"and so were probably without language" Here were refers to vocal tracts, it should refer to Neanderthals.
Wrong.

(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apesâ€™

Same problem as above ->were in the second part refers to vocal tracts, it should refer to Neanderthals.
Wrong

(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes
Same problem as above ->were in the second part refers to vocal tracts, it should refer to Neanderthals.
Wrong

nocilis,

Yes, I agree with u 100%, I don't think A is wrong becose of "those" being ambigous, but becose it refers to plural subject and vocal chord is singular. If "A" was like this then it wud be fine ...right ?

Neanderthals had vocal tracts that resembled those of the apes
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23 Mar 2005, 18:54
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praveen_rao7 wrote:
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's apes' would have been better
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apesâ€™
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

I know this has been posted before, there is an important concept here, so, plz be sure to state your reasoning. Thanks

(A) vocal tract is singular, therefore those should be replaced by that
(B). Correct
(C)incorrect sentence
(D)sounds good but seems like neanderthal had more than one vocal tract.
(E)it seems each neanderthal had more than one vocal tract

So B is my pick
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23 Mar 2005, 19:53
banerjeea_98 wrote:
nocilis,

Yes, I agree with u 100%, I don't think A is wrong becose of "those" being ambigous, but becose it refers to plural subject and vocal chord is singular. If "A" was like this then it wud be fine ...right ?

Neanderthals had vocal tracts that resembled those of the apes

Yes "Neanderthals had vocal tracts that resembled those of the apes" would have been correct if it were an answer choice.

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