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Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the

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Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2011, 10:53
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38% (01:51) correct 62% (01:04) wrong based on 92 sessions
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.
(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apes’
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes
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Re: Subject - Verb Agreemnet [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2011, 11:45
To me, E looks most correct. OA?
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Re: Subject - Verb Agreemnet [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2011, 12:29
IMO B

C,D,E are out because we need Neanderthals as the subject of sentence. Neanderthals should be the subject because "so were probably without language" is referring to Neanderthals.
A is out because it is using "those" to refer Vocal tract and that is wrong.
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Re: Subject - Verb Agreemnet [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2011, 12:39
gaurav1083 wrote:
IMO B

C,D,E are out because we need Neanderthals as the subject of sentence. Neanderthals should be the subject because "so were probably without language" is referring to Neanderthals.
A is out because it is using "those" to refer Vocal tract and that is wrong.


I think B compares Neanderthals with an ape, lacking agreement in number. I would have also preferred a construction with the subject "Neanderthals" as you suggested.
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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2014, 17:24
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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 02:05
I know answer is B and it makes sense since it was with "were" so subject should be neanderthal... but what is the comparision.. Ape's to neanderthal is the right comparison??

What does Ape's mean here?...
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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 02:38
Comparison is in between the vocal tract of Neanderthal and Ape. Ape's means vocal tract of Ape.
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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 05:59
Interesting.

Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language

In the 2nd part of the sentence (so were) .. what does that refer to then. That should refer to Neanderthals so subject should be neanderthals.... Thats what my confusion is...

I still think that the subject is Neanderthals..not the vocal tract.. Correct me please if i am wrong...
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Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 06:38
Of course, Neanderthals is the subject and "were" is the verb of the second independent clause, which is connected by "and". Is that what you were asking?

All the S-V pairs are highlighted below:

Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
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so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.
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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 06:56
I was asking how

"Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's" was parallel but now i understood. Thanks. Need lot more focus i guess..so may be coffee time..
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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 07:06
govind440 wrote:
In the 2nd part of the sentence (so were) .. what does that refer to then. That should refer to Neanderthals so subject should be neanderthals....

Hi Govind, I am assuming you mean to ask what does that refer to in this part:

a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

that actually refers to a shortcoming.

The structure a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species is actually called an absolute modifier and is in fact quite frequently tested on GMAT (though it is not explicitly tested in this question, since the entire absolute modifier is in the non-underlined portion).

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Absolute modifiers, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 10:55
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.
(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apes’
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

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Hi i chose E but the ans is B

I just wanted to understand why E is wrong ?

or

Whether E is just Wordy ?
Please care to reply

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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 15:05
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

E is correct if you stop the sentence there...but after that you will see SO WERE....it means we need a subject for the verb WERE... We cannot say vocal tracts were probably without language...does not make sense...Hence it is wrong.
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Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 19:21
Hi govind440 and smartguy, just sent you the corresponding section of Sentence Correction Nirvana.

Do let us know your feedback and any questions you might have.

By the way, Govind brings up a very good point in his post above. This is actually the issue with three choices: C, D and E.
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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 23:15
Thanks EducationAisle


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Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the   [#permalink] 04 Dec 2014, 23:15
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