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Nearly 2000 years after its initial construction, the United

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Nearly 2000 years after its initial construction, the United [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2011, 20:28
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A
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E

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65% (01:00) correct 35% (00:59) wrong based on 189 sessions
Nearly 2000 years after its initial construction, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating.

Nearly 2000 years after its initial construction, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating.

Since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier, the Roman aqueduct of Segovia had been deteriorating, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations after the United Nations declared the aqueduct to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985.

After being declared a Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations in 1985, the Spanish government began renovations on the Roman aqueduct of Segovia, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier.

In 1985, the United Nations declared the Roman Aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity and prompted the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier.

In 1985, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia a Heritage of Humanity, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier

Please your help
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2011, 20:35
I picked E..."declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia a Heritage" not option D "declared the Roman Aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage".
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2011, 21:44
arzad wrote:
I picked E..."declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia a Heritage" not option D "declared the Roman Aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage".


Arzad

What do you think about the had been (plural) reference to aqueduct, which IMO is Singular?
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2011, 21:48
Bull78 wrote:
arzad wrote:
I picked E..."declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia a Heritage" not option D "declared the Roman Aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage".


Arzad

What do you think about the had been (plural) reference to aqueduct, which IMO is Singular?



Bull78, remember that you can use "had been" for plural or for singular. In this case is singular, look at this portion "its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier"
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 27 Oct 2011, 03:33
Chose 'D' by reading first line and by figuring ||ism :-( However, I understood 'to be' issue.
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 27 Oct 2011, 12:57
I chose D... :( was between that and E. Is "declared A" an idiom? I though declared to be sounded right, guess not lol
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 28 Oct 2011, 10:48
Chose E. Declared to be sounded wrong. E is concise.
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 28 Oct 2011, 19:30
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^ Another nagging difference between the sentences E and D: D says "the United Nations declared the Roman Aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity and prompted the Spanish government", while E says "the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia a Heritage of Humanity, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct"

Is there a change in meaning here? As in the case of D, the UN has directly prompted the Spanish government to begin renovations. But in E, the act of declaring the Roman aqueduct a heritage prompted the Spanish government to take action. Does this subtle change speak against D? Or am I reading too much here? Please advice.
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2011, 07:19
Guys, some hints from the author of the question

The idiom is "declare X Y" not "declare X to be Y"

By making paralell the two actions "declared" and "prompted" as in D the meaning is changed. The promting came after the declaration, therefore E is correct.

This one was hard for me.

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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2011, 19:43
Bull78 wrote:
Nearly 2000 years after its initial construction, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating.

Nearly 2000 years after its initial construction, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating.

Since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier, the Roman aqueduct of Segovia had been deteriorating, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations after the United Nations declared the aqueduct to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985.

After being declared a Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations in 1985, the Spanish government began renovations on the Roman aqueduct of Segovia, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier.

In 1985, the United Nations declared the Roman Aqueduct of Segovia to be a Heritage of Humanity and prompted the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier.

In 1985, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia a Heritage of Humanity, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier

Please your help



E says which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier. can mean it started deteriorating immediately after its construction which is not what the original sentence suggests. C and D also metion the same. B is incorrect. So I chose the original sentence.
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 06 Nov 2011, 11:15
Since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier, the Roman aqueduct of Segovia had been deteriorating, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations after the United Nations declared the aqueduct to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985.

Modification error with B
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 06 Nov 2011, 23:55
Initially i was confused between C and E, but i think ill go with E in this, for using active construction.
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2012, 14:37
Since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier, the Roman aqueduct of Segovia had been deteriorating, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations after the United Nations declared the aqueduct to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985.

Could someone please explain the issue here?

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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2012, 15:31
Close call between B and E. I chose B and it was wrong...

"Since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier, the Roman aqueduct of Segovia had been deteriorating, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations after the United Nations declared the aqueduct to be a Heritage of Humanity in 1985."

The reason behind B being wrong is- The usage of prompting is wrong. The correct usage would be- the Roman aqueduct of Segovia had been deteriorating, which prompted the spanish.....
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2012, 16:45
The reason behind B being wrong is- The usage of prompting is wrong. The correct usage would be- the Roman aqueduct of Segovia had been deteriorating, which prompted the spanish.....


Could you please elaborate a bit more here, what is the tense issue that you are referring to?

Is this past perfect continuous?

Thanks
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2012, 09:56
In 1985, the United Nations declared the Roman aqueduct of Segovia a Heritage of Humanity, prompting the Spanish government to begin renovations on the aqueduct, which had been deteriorating since its initial construction nearly 2000 years earlier

please explain why we need a comma after "In 1985..." ???? thanx
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2012, 11:27
A) "its" incorrectly modifies united nations .

B) Declared To be is wrong idiom usage.

C) usage of being , "After being declared " modifies spanish govt.

D) "declared to be a" wrong usage , united nations prompted is wrong.

E)Correct
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2012, 12:16
E. Modifier issue with A and C. B changes meaning. Left with D and E. D also changes the meaning and suggest that the united nations prompted the Spanish government when in fact the action of the United Nations to declare the Aqueduct to be a heritage of humanity is supposed to have prompted the Spanish government. Hence E.
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2012, 14:58
karun0109 wrote:
E. Modifier issue with A and C. B changes meaning. Left with D and E. D also changes the meaning and suggest that the united nations prompted the Spanish government when in fact the action of the United Nations to declare the Aqueduct to be a heritage of humanity is supposed to have prompted the Spanish government. Hence E.

How would you know what prompted the Spanish government though? I don't see why it wouldnt be possible that the UN actually prompted the Spanish government.
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia [#permalink] New post 19 Mar 2012, 15:26
E.

The UN didn't prompt the Spanish govt to begin renovations; their action, declaring the aqueduct to be a Heritage of Humanity, did.
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Re: Roman aqueduct of Segovia   [#permalink] 19 Mar 2012, 15:26
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