I am struggling to understand the "to be" parallelism. In Manhattan SC guide supposedly the below sentence signals parallelism, however i fail to understand how?
ex. "The flower bouquet WAS the husband's loving gift to his wife"
So usage of WAS means parallel?
Similarly another example given is "Because of his intolerant attitude, that politician always SEEMS TO BE attacking the poor". Here too I don't understand the parallelism. This looks like a sentence than comparison.
Can anybody please help!!!!
I'm happy to help.
The word "parallelism" is a giant and somewhat abstract category of grammatical constructions --- it includes any time when two words in different parts of the sentence need to be in the same grammatical form.
Ordinarily, we think of parallel elements as joined by conjunctions ---- "A and B", "X or Y", "not only P, but also Q" --- of course, all of those are perfectly fine examples of parallelism, and most parallelism on GMAT SC will be of this form.
What the MGMAT books
astutely point out is that the verb "to be" and other linking verbs also create a potential parallel structure. When I say: "X is Y", or "X seems Y", or "X has remained Y", I am essentially equating X and Y. If everything is a ordinary noun or ordinary adjective, it's not so much of an issue, but when you stir verb forms (infinitive, gerunds) into the mix, then you need to be alert to issues of parallelism. For example:To welcome each new day wholeheartedly is embracing life fully.
WRONG [infinitive] & [gerund]Welcoming each new day wholeheartedly is to embrace life fully.
WRONG [gerund] & [infinitive]To welcome each new day wholeheartedly is to embrace life fully.
RIGHT --- both infinitives
Because of this, it seems the GMAT SC would frown on a sentence such as ......Noticing what is unique in each moment is the way of Zen.
.... because we are equating a verb form, a gerund ("noticing"), with a noun ("way"). It seems they would prefer something along the lines of ....Attention to what is unique in each moment is the way of Zen.
There, both parts are ordinary nouns, so the demands of parallelism are satisfied.
Does this make sense?
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