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New evidence suggests that women may react differently than [#permalink]
13 Aug 2011, 11:13
25% (02:32) correct
75% (01:44) wrong based on 21 sessions
New evidence suggests that women may react differently than men to high blood pressure, or hypertension. Women with hypertension are less likely to suffer from ensuing complications, such as heart attacks or strokes, and are less likely to die as a result. Women's higher estrogen levels may be related to this phenomenon: after menopause, when estrogen levels lower, women gradually become more and more susceptible to cardiovascular disease.
Which of the following positions would be best supported by the statements in the passage above?
Very elderly women with high blood pressure are no less susceptible to complications than their male counterparts are. When treating their female patients for hypertension, doctors should take into account whether or not the patient has gone through menopause. Men with hypertension should receive immediate treatment, while women with high blood pressure may wait until their condition becomes severe. Since women withstand high blood pressure more readily than men do, the benefits they receive from lowering it are relatively insignificant. Women with very high blood pressure are as likely to suffer complications from their condition as are men with only slightly elevated blood pressure.
Answer (B): While not perfect, this conclusion is most easily reached, as there is evidence to support the levels of risk for pre and post-menopausal women.
(A) There is no evidence in the paragraph to suggest that women will EVER be as susceptible as men. The only evidence available suggests that pre-menopausal women are less susceptible than post-menopausal women. (C) This is false, as women (especially post-menopausal women) are still susceptible to complications. (D) The paragraph does not conclude on the absolute dangers of hypertension. It simply states that pre-menopausal women are less likely to experience complications than men. It is possible that both risk levels are still far too high to conclude that treatment is of little value. (E) There is not enough evidence in the paragraph to support this conjecture. While this may be true, the article does not distinguish between high/low levels of hypertension. _________________
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