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mmmm...
id say (1) and (2) say the same and so do (3) and (4)... and id say that (1) is wrong and (3) can be true, but can be not true, so i vote for (5)

Alas, (5) is wrong. I do not see a clear rationale, only telling fortunes by coffee ground. A hint—all the premises have to be transformed into an if/then form.

Last edited by stolyar on 31 Aug 2003, 07:04, edited 1 time in total.

alas, alas! that is exactly what i tried... let me think:

(P1) A is necessary for B
this means "if not A, then not B"... i visualize this as B<A, where "<" means "contained in"

(P2) B, unless C
this means "if not C, then B"... which equals "if not B, then C"... i visualize this as B and C intersecting each other

(P3) A is sufficient for D
this means "if A then D"... i visualize this as A<D

now...

(Q1) D unless A... this means A can be true while D is false... which is in contradiction with P1

(Q3) C unless D... we can have C true, D false; C true, D true; C true, D false, but not C false and D false... lets see... if not C (C false), by P2, then B... if B, by P1, then A... if A, by P3, then D...

i would now vote for (3) AND (4)... (they are equivalent, arent they?)

aargh! im feeling so stupid!
we have B=>A, notC=>B, A=>D... or notC=>B=>A=>D

D unless A? notD=>A false (in fact, notD=>notA)
A unless D? notA=>D false
C unless D? notC=>D... winner!!!!
D unless C? notD=>C... id say this is equivalent to notC=>D... so winner as well, isnt it???

i dont get it stolyar, sorry... so ashamed... i still think answer is (3) AND (4)