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No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a

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No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2005, 18:22
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E

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No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.
Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?

(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.
(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.
(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.
(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.
(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2005, 18:28
Conclusion: No nation can survive long unless its people are united by a common tongue.

(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.
- strengthens conclusion

(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.
- strenthens conclusion

(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.
- strenghtens conclusion

(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.
- Seems to weaken the conclusion, but note that the languages are related, so it might not weaken the conclusion just yet

(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.
- Debunks the conclusions. The people in Switzerland speaks different languages for a 1000 yrs and today the country is still surviving.

E it is.
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Re: CR - nations and languages [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2005, 18:30
I'd go for E.

The word "survived" isn't the most appropriate here, but seen in view of Canada being described as "torn asunder", it does provide a comparatively much healthier feeling.

Though D has some substance, it does not say that there's no strife in India.

C suggests that the reasons of the strife in Canada might be others too. But the word contributed does not rule out language as a reason (major or minor).

B is unrelated.

A supports author'd conviction.

Any differing viewpoints?
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 [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2005, 18:34
Nope. quite a straight forward passage :-D
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Re: CR - nations and languages [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2005, 00:53
Antmavel wrote:
No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.
Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?

(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.
(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.
(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.
(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.
(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.


Go for E.
argument: if no common tongue, countries cannot survive.
ask for weakening

(A) support
(B) meeting resistance doesn't stand for not existing
(C) says linguistic differences, strengthening the argument.
(E) weakens the argument, saying no common tongue, Switzerland still survives.

BTW. how to refute D?
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2005, 01:42
OA is E
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2005, 02:01
(E)

The author states that "No nation can long survive.." This is his conclusion.

To challenge his conclusion, all we need is one nation which has survived long enough without being united by a common language. (E) does this in a straightforward manner.
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2005, 06:15
(E)

(C) is tricky in that it counters the argument as opposed to challenging the argument. (D) also challenges the argument but not as strong as (E) does
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2005, 17:53
hmm...."E" is a suspect as a OA.....author only says "No country can survive long enuf"......without defining what that "long" is ? If we are to guess then why not "D"....isn't 57 yrs long enuf, why only thousand yrs enuf ? I think of all bad choice only "C" comes close as it says that the author's evidence is not correct in the first place, thus casting a doubt on the conclusion itself.
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2005, 23:35
Yeah E is suspect :twisted:
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 [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2005, 23:55
Oa is E

seems I have currently difficulty to post something...it is always deleted after several minutes :cry:
  [#permalink] 23 Mar 2005, 23:55
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