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No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been

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No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been [#permalink] New post 10 Nov 2010, 23:30
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

45% (01:49) correct 55% (00:34) wrong based on 33 sessions
No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been banned now from many places.
(A) No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been banned now
(B) Cigarette smoking and cigar smoking are both banned now
(C) Not only has smoking cigarettes been banned but so has cigar smoking
(D) Both smoking cigarettes and cigar smoking is now banned
(E) Smoking cigarettes as well as cigars is now banned
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 10 Nov 2010, 23:57
niraj92 wrote:
No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been banned now from many places.
(A) No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been banned now
(B) Cigarette smoking and cigar smoking are both banned now
(C) Not only has smoking cigarettes been banned but so has cigar smoking
(D) Both smoking cigarettes and cigar smoking is now banned
(E) Smoking cigarettes as well as cigars is now banned


A Incorrect => Not only x but also y - x & y are not parallel in the given sentence.
B Correct => Cigrette smoking and cigar smoking are parallel.
C Incorrect => Obviously
D Incorrect => Smoking Cigrette & Cigar smoking connected with AND, are not parallel.
E incorrect => Smoking cigarettes as well as cigars notparallel. Should have been smoking cigarettes as well as smoking cigars
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2010, 12:51
Great work to everybody on this one. The fundamental rule has two-parts:

1. If you say "not only" you are required to also say "but also." You can never have the construction "not only...also" or "not...but also" or anything else of the sort. "Not only" and "but also" are bff, and you can't have one without the other.

2. What follows "not only" must be structurally and logically similar to what follows "but also." For example:

"I bought not only bread, but also milk." --> Right! Bread and milk are both foods and both nouns.
"I bought not only bread, but also considered buying milk." --> Wrong! "Bread" is a noun, but "considered buying milk" is a more complex clause.

Isn't parallelism fun?

Brett
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2010, 21:01
BKimball wrote:
Great work to everybody on this one. The fundamental rule has two-parts:

1. If you say "not only" you are required to also say "but also." You can never have the construction "not only...also" or "not...but also" or anything else of the sort. "Not only" and "but also" are bff, and you can't have one without the other.

2. What follows "not only" must be structurally and logically similar to what follows "but also." For example:

"I bought not only bread, but also milk." --> Right! Bread and milk are both foods and both nouns.
"I bought not only bread, but also considered buying milk." --> Wrong! "Bread" is a noun, but "considered buying milk" is a more complex clause.

Isn't parallelism fun?

Brett


Thanks for a great explanation. It's always comforting when one sees answers confirmed by experts. There are instances when two different people have different OAs.

I'm not too sure but I think I remember that Tommy Wallach (one of Manhattan Instructors) once said that there are constructions that don't always follow the '...not only...but also...' rule.
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2010, 06:26
Werewolf,

Grammatically, it is possible (though HIGHLY suspect) to have a "not only...but" structure. However, the GMAT loves to test your understanding of why "not only...but also" is necessary for purposes of parallelism.

As with "numbers" (i.e. "My favorite numbers are six and twelve."), and "being" (i.e. "My uncle Charlie is a human being.") there are times when you can use "not only...but." Still, they VERY rarely include GMAT questions, so it's pretty safe to forget about them for our purposes.

Brett
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2010, 01:49
Thank you Brett. That's a relief!
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2010, 02:54
niraj92 wrote:
No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been banned now from many places.
(A) No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been banned now
(B) Cigarette smoking and cigar smoking are both banned now
(C) Not only has smoking cigarettes been banned but so has cigar smoking
(D) Both smoking cigarettes and cigar smoking is now banned
(E) Smoking cigarettes as well as cigars is now banned



In E, I took "Smoking" as a gerund thus is is in SV with "is" and thus I chose E as it is concise. In B "Cigarette smoking and cigar smoking" is wordy. Also the placement of NOW seems correct in E.
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2010, 07:13
puneetpratik wrote:
niraj92 wrote:
No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been banned now from many places.
(A) No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been banned now
(B) Cigarette smoking and cigar smoking are both banned now
(C) Not only has smoking cigarettes been banned but so has cigar smoking
(D) Both smoking cigarettes and cigar smoking is now banned
(E) Smoking cigarettes as well as cigars is now banned



In E, I took "Smoking" as a gerund thus is is in SV with "is" and thus I chose E as it is concise. In B "Cigarette smoking and cigar smoking" is wordy. Also the placement of NOW seems correct in E.


I was also under the same understanding that E was more concise....
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2010, 14:54
You are right that (E) is more concise. However, we need to remember that concision is ONLY a tie-breaker on SC.

Far more important than concision is GRAMMAR. If an answer is grammatically incorrect, it must be crossed off.

Once you've dealt with all the grammatical issues, you can then look at the MEANING of the sentence. If the meaning is changed in an answer choice, then that answer is incorrect.

Only after you've dealt with GRAMMAR and MEANING should you consider CONCISION. Concision is very much a tiebreaker on the GMAT, and in my experience the shortest answer tends to be incorrect because it leaves out something important. Remember that the GMAT writers know people are looking for concise answers, so concise answers are a great place for a trap.
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2010, 23:18
Thanks for the advice Brett, will keep this one in mind.
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2010, 23:08
In this problem answer choice A is not correct only because it is in passive voice is that correct. Otherwise there is no gramatical mistake?
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Re: not only but also [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2010, 14:25
Good question! The answer has two parts:

1. General: No SC answer choice will ever be wrong simply on the basis of passive vs. active verbs. Although we tend to prefer the active voice (many of your future Business school professors will point this out regularly), there is no rule that says "passive voice is wrong."

2. Specific to this question: "No only smoking cigarettes but also cigar smoking has been banned now..." Although you are correct that this is passive voice ("has been banned"), the reason this answer choice is wrong really relates to parallelism. First, you have the "not only...but also" issue. When you have "but also" you really should have "not only" also. Here, you have "no only." This might be a typo on the part of the original poster. Second, and perhaps even more grammatically sound: The two things that follow each of these signal phrases should be parallel. "Smoking cigarettes" and "cigar smoking" are not parallel; the first phrase starts with the verb "smoking" and the second starts with the noun "cigar."

Does that all make sense?

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Re: not only but also   [#permalink] 18 Nov 2010, 14:25
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